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[Bug-gsl] gsl_sf_coupling_3j bug report

From: Grigory I. Rubtsov
Subject: [Bug-gsl] gsl_sf_coupling_3j bug report
Date: Thu, 29 Sep 2011 17:09:15 +0400

Dear GSL developers,

Thank you for the great effort in developing easy to use and fast
scientific library. I am using GSL in most of scientific calculations.

Recently I encounter a bug in calculation of 3j symbol for relatively large l.
In particular:
  for l1=249, l2=248, l3=2, m1=5, m2=-6, m3=1
  gives 0 and error 0 (correct answer should be -0.022878)
  for l1=248, l2=247, l3=2, m1=5, m2=-6, m3=1
  gives -0.0229267 and error 2.98369e-17 (the result is correct)

The calculation of 3j symbols for l up to 1000 is important for the
analysis of cosmic microwave background anisotropy data, especially
WMAP and Planck missions.

Bug details:
    * GSL version: 1.15 on SL 5.7 (64-bit) at Pentium E5400  @ 2.70GHz
    * The compiler: gcc version 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-51)
    * Compiler options: g++  -lm -lgsl -lgslcblas  gsl_bug.cpp   -o gsl_bug
    * A short program which exercises the bug

#include <gsl/gsl_sf_coupling.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>

int main() {
    gsl_sf_result r;
    int j=248,m=5;
    int l1=j+1, l2=j, l3=2;
    int m1=m, m2=-m-1, m3=1;
    double jj = double(j), mm=double(m);
    double ans=-2*(jj+2*mm+2)*sqrt(
(jj-mm+1)*(jj-mm)/2/jj/(2*jj+1)/(2*jj+2)/(2*jj+3)/(2*jj+4) );
    printf("(%i %i %i) \n(%i %i %i) = %g %g\n", l1,l2,l3,m1,m2,m3,r.val, r.err);
    printf("Expected: %g\n", ans);

Sincerely yours,
Grigory Rubtsov,
Institute for Nuclear Research of the
Russian Academy of Sciences

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