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www/philosophy no-ip-ethos.nl.html po/no-ip-eth...

From: GNUN
Subject: www/philosophy no-ip-ethos.nl.html po/no-ip-eth...
Date: Thu, 20 Jun 2013 06:34:06 +0000

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     GNUN <gnun>     13/06/20 06:34:06

Modified files:
        philosophy     : no-ip-ethos.nl.html 
Added files:
        philosophy/po  : no-ip-ethos.nl-diff.html 

Log message:
        Automatic update by GNUnited Nations.


Index: no-ip-ethos.nl.html
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/no-ip-ethos.nl.html,v
retrieving revision 1.7
retrieving revision 1.8
diff -u -b -r1.7 -r1.8
--- no-ip-ethos.nl.html 28 Feb 2013 19:11:47 -0000      1.7
+++ no-ip-ethos.nl.html 20 Jun 2013 06:34:04 -0000      1.8
@@ -9,6 +9,13 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/no-ip-ethos.translist" -->
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.nl.html" -->
+<!--#set var="PO_FILE"
+ value='<a href="http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/po/no-ip-ethos.nl.po";>
+ http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/po/no-ip-ethos.nl.po</a>' -->
+ <!--#set var="ORIGINAL_FILE" value="/philosophy/no-ip-ethos.html" -->
+ <!--#set var="DIFF_FILE" value="/philosophy/po/no-ip-ethos.nl-diff.html" -->
+ <!--#set var="OUTDATED_SINCE" value="2013-04-21" -->
+ <!--#include virtual="/server/outdated.nl.html" -->
 <h2>Laat Je Niet Corrumperen Door &lsquo;Intellectueel Eigendom&rsquo;</h2>
   <p>door <a href="http://www.stallman.org/";>Richard M. Stallman</a><br />
@@ -167,7 +174,7 @@
  <p><!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2013/02/28 19:11:47 $
+$Date: 2013/06/20 06:34:04 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->

Index: po/no-ip-ethos.nl-diff.html
RCS file: po/no-ip-ethos.nl-diff.html
diff -N po/no-ip-ethos.nl-diff.html
--- /dev/null   1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 -0000
+++ po/no-ip-ethos.nl-diff.html 20 Jun 2013 06:34:05 -0000      1.1
@@ -0,0 +1,209 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
+    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd";>
+<!-- Generated by GNUN -->
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"; xml:lang="en" lang="en">
+<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
+<style type="text/css">
+span.removed { background-color: #f22; color: #000; }
+span.inserted { background-color: #2f2; color: #000; }
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" --&gt;
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>&lt;!-- Parent-Version: 1.75 
+&lt;title&gt;Don't Let &lsquo;Intellectual Property&rsquo; Twist Your 
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/no-ip-ethos.translist" --&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" --&gt;
+  &lt;h2&gt;Don't Let &lsquo;Intellectual Property&rsquo; Twist Your 
+  &lt;p&gt;by &lt;a href="http://www.stallman.org/"&gt;Richard M.
+  Stallman&lt;/a&gt;&lt;br /&gt;
+  June 09, 2006&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Most free software licenses are based on copyright law, and
+  for good reason: Copyright law is much more uniform among
+  countries than contract law, which is the other possible
+  choice.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;There's another reason not to use contract law: It would
+  require every distributor to get a user's formal assent to the
+  contract before providing a copy. To hand someone a CD without
+  getting his signature first would be forbidden. What a pain in
+  the neck!&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;It's true that in countries like China, where copyright law is
+  generally not enforced, we may also have trouble enforcing free
+  software license agreements, as Heather Meeker suggests in her
+  recent LinuxInsider column, &lt;a href=
+  "http://www.linuxinsider.com/story/50421.html"&gt;&ldquo;Only in
+  America? Copyright Law Key to Global Free Software
+  Model&rdquo;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;However, this is not a reason to press for more copyright
+  enforcement in China. Although we would use it to protect
+  people's freedom, we have to recognize that mostly it would be
+  used by the likes of Microsoft, Disney and Sony to take it
+  away.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Ironically, we might have more success enforcing copyright in
+  China than Microsoft, Disney and Sony &mdash; because what we would
+  want to do is easier.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Disney wishes to stamp out semi-underground organizations that
+  sell exact copies. With free software, regardless of precisely which
+  free license is used, that kind of copying is legal. What we want to prevent,
+  when the free software license is the
+  GNU &lt;a href="/copyleft/gpl.html"&gt;GPL&lt;/a&gt;, is the release of
+  proprietary software products based on our code. That kind of abuse
+  is at its worst when carried out by large, well-known companies
+  &mdash; and they are easier targets for enforcement. So GPL
+  enforcement in China is not a lost cause, though it won't be
+  easy.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;h3&gt;No Chinese Laundry&lt;/h3&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Nonetheless, Meeker's claim that this leads to a global
+  problem is simply absurd. You can't &ldquo;launder&rdquo;
+  material copyrighted in the U.S. by moving it through China, as
+  she ought to know.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;If someone violates the GNU GPL by distributing a non-free
+  modified version of GCC in the U.S., it won't make any difference
+  if it was obtained or modified in China. U.S. copyright law will
+  be enforced just the same.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Although this error might seem to be the central point of
+  Meeker's article, it is not. The real central point of the article
+  is the perspective embodied in her use of the term
+  &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo;. She uses this term pervasively
+  as though it refers to something coherent &mdash; something it makes
+  sense to talk about and think about. If you believe that, you have
+  accepted the article's hidden assumption.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;h3&gt;Loose Language&lt;/h3&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Sometimes Meeker switches between &ldquo;intellectual
+  property&rdquo; and &ldquo;copyright&rdquo; as if they were two
+  names for the same thing. Sometimes she switches between
+  &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo; and &ldquo;patents&rdquo; as if they were
+  two names for the same thing. Having studied those two laws,
+  Meeker knows they are vastly different; all they have in common
+  is an abstract sketch of their form.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Other &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo; laws don't even
+  share that much with them. The implication that you can treat
+  them all as the same thing is fundamentally misleading.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Along with the term &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo; goes a
+  false understanding of what these laws are for. Meeker speaks of
+  an &ldquo;ethos&rdquo; of &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo;
+  that exists in the U.S. because &ldquo;intellectual property is
+  in the Constitution.&rdquo; That's the mother of all
+  mistakes.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;What is really in the U.S. Constitution? It doesn't mention
+  &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo;, and it says nothing at all
+  about most of the laws that term is applied to. Only two of them &mdash;
+  copyright law and patent law &mdash; are treated there.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;What does the Constitution say about them? What is its ethos?
+  It is nothing like the &ldquo;intellectual property ethos&rdquo;
+  that Meeker imagines.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;h3&gt;Failure to Execute&lt;/h3&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;What the Constitution says is that copyright law and patent law
+  are optional. They need not exist. It says that if they do exist,
+  their purpose is to provide a public benefit &mdash; to promote
+  progress by providing artificial incentives.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;They are not rights that their holders are entitled to; they
+  are artificial privileges that we might, or might not, want to
+  hand out to encourage people to do what we find useful.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;It's a wise policy. Too bad Congress &mdash; which has to carry
+  it out on our behalf &mdash; takes its orders from Hollywood and
+  Microsoft instead of from us.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;If you appreciate the U.S. Constitution's wisdom, don't let
+  &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo; into your ethos; don't let
+  the &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo; meme infect your
+  mind.&lt;/p&gt;
+  &lt;p&gt;Practically speaking, copyright and patent and trademark law
+  have only one thing in common: Each is legitimate only as far as
+  it serves the public interest. Your interest in your freedom is a
+  part of the public interest that must be served.&lt;/p&gt;
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>&lt;/div&gt;</strong></del></span>
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>&lt;/div&gt;&lt;!-- for id="content", starts 
in the include above --&gt;</em></ins></span>
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" --&gt;
+&lt;div id="footer"&gt;
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>&lt;p&gt;
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>&lt;p&gt;Please</em></ins></span> send <span 
class="inserted"><ins><em>general</em></ins></span> FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to
+&lt;a <span 
+There are also &lt;a href="/contact/"&gt;other ways to contact&lt;/a&gt;
+the FSF.
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>&lt;br /&gt;
+Please send broken</strong></del></span>  <span 
class="inserted"><ins><em>Broken</em></ins></span> links and other corrections 
or suggestions <span class="inserted"><ins><em>can be sent</em></ins></span>
+to &lt;a <span 
+&lt;p&gt;</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;p&gt;&lt;!-- TRANSLATORS: Ignore the original text in this paragraph,
+        replace it with the translation of these two:
+        We work hard and do our best to provide accurate, good quality
+        translations.  However, we are not exempt from imperfection.
+        Please send your comments and general suggestions in this regard
+        to &lt;a href="mailto:address@hidden"&gt;
+        &lt;address@hidden&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+        &lt;p&gt;For information on coordinating and submitting translations of
+        our web pages, see &lt;a
+        href="/server/standards/README.translations.html"&gt;Translations
+        README&lt;/a&gt;. --&gt;</em></ins></span>
+Please see the &lt;a
+README&lt;/a&gt; for information on coordinating and submitting translations
+of this <span class="removed"><del><strong>article.
+Copyright</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;p&gt;Copyright</em></ins></span> &copy; 2006, 2007 Free Software 
Foundation, <span class="removed"><del><strong>Inc.,
+&lt;address&gt;51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, 
USA&lt;/address&gt;</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;p&gt;This page is licensed under a &lt;a rel="license"
+Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States <span 
+&lt;/p&gt;</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/bottom-notes.html" --&gt;
+&lt;!-- timestamp start --&gt;
+$Date: 2013/06/20 06:34:05 $
+&lt;!-- timestamp end --&gt;
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>&lt;!-- All pages on the GNU web server 
should have the section about    --&gt;
+&lt;!-- verbatim copying.  Please do NOT remove this without talking     --&gt;
+&lt;!-- with the webmasters first. --&gt; 
+&lt;!-- Please make sure the copyright date is consistent with the document 
+&lt;!-- and that it is like this "2001, 2002" not this "2001-2002." 

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