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Re: [Qemu-arm] [Question] Memory hotplug clarification for Qemu ARM/virt

From: Laszlo Ersek
Subject: Re: [Qemu-arm] [Question] Memory hotplug clarification for Qemu ARM/virt
Date: Wed, 8 May 2019 22:08:23 +0200
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On 05/08/19 12:15, Shameerali Kolothum Thodi wrote:
> Hi,
> This series here[0] attempts to add support for PCDIMM in QEMU for
> ARM/Virt platform and has stumbled upon an issue as it is not clear(at least
> from Qemu/EDK2 point of view) how in physical world the hotpluggable
> memory is handled by kernel.
> The proposed implementation in Qemu, builds the SRAT and DSDT parts
> and uses GED device to trigger the hotplug. This works fine.
> But when we added the DT node corresponding to the PCDIMM(cold plug
> scenario), we noticed that Guest kernel see this memory during early boot
> even if we are booting with ACPI. Because of this, hotpluggable memory
> may end up in zone normal and make it non-hot-un-pluggable even if Guest
> boots with ACPI.
> Further discussions[1] revealed that, EDK2 UEFI has no means to interpret the
> ACPI content from Qemu(this is designed to do so) and uses DT info to
> build the GetMemoryMap(). To solve this, introduced "hotpluggable" property
> to DT memory node(patches #7 & #8 from [0]) so that UEFI can differentiate
> the nodes and exclude the hotpluggable ones from GetMemoryMap().
> But then Laszlo rightly pointed out that in order to accommodate the changes
> into UEFI we need to know how exactly Linux expects/handles all the 
> hotpluggable memory scenarios. Please find the discussion here[2].
> For ease, I am just copying the relevant comment from Laszlo below,
> /******
> "Given patches #7 and #8, as I understand them, the firmware cannot 
> distinguish
>  hotpluggable & present, from hotpluggable & absent. The firmware can only
>  skip both hotpluggable cases. That's fine in that the firmware will hog 
> neither
>  type -- but is that OK for the OS as well, for both ACPI boot and DT boot?
> Consider in particular the "hotpluggable & present, ACPI boot" case. Assuming
> we modify the firmware to skip "hotpluggable" altogether, the UEFI memmap
> will not include the range despite it being present at boot. Presumably, ACPI
> will refer to the range somehow, however. Will that not confuse the OS?
> When Igor raised this earlier, I suggested that hotpluggable-and-present 
> should
> be added by the firmware, but also allocated immediately, as 
> EfiBootServicesData
> type memory. This will prevent other drivers in the firmware from allocating 
> AcpiNVS
> or Reserved chunks from the same memory range, the UEFI memmap will contain
> the range as EfiBootServicesData, and then the OS can release that allocation 
> in
> one go early during boot.
> But this really has to be clarified from the Linux kernel's expectations. 
> Please
> formalize all of the following cases:
> OS boot (DT/ACPI)  hotpluggable & ...  GetMemoryMap() should report as  
> DT/ACPI should report as
> -----------------  ------------------  -------------------------------  
> ------------------------
> DT                 present             ?                                ?
> DT                 absent              ?                                ?
> ACPI               present             ?                                ?
> ACPI               absent              ?                                ?
> Again, this table is dictated by Linux."
> ******/
> Could you please take a look at this and let us know what is expected here 
> from
> a Linux kernel view point.
> (Hi Laszlo/Igor/Eric, please feel free to add/change if I have missed any 
> valid
> points above).

I'm happy with your summary, thank you!

> Thanks,
> Shameer
> [0] https://patchwork.kernel.org/cover/10890919/
> [1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10863299/
> [2] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10890937/

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