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bug#32750: [PATCH 2/2] dfa: optmization of alternation in NFA

From: Jim Meyering
Subject: bug#32750: [PATCH 2/2] dfa: optmization of alternation in NFA
Date: Tue, 18 Sep 2018 22:13:38 -0700

On Mon, Sep 17, 2018 at 7:16 AM Norihiro Tanaka <address@hidden> wrote:
> Even when similer states exists in alternation, DFA treats them as
> separate items.  It may complicate the transition in NFA and cause
> slowdown.  This change assembles the states into one.
> For example, ab|ac is changed into a(b|c).
> This change speeds-up matching for many branched pattern.  For
> example, grep speeds-up more than 30x in following case.
>   seq 10000 | sed 's/$/ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz/; s/$/./' >in
>   time -p env LC_ALL=C grep -vf in in
>   (before) real 63.43 user 61.67 system 1.65
>   (after)  real  1.64 user  1.61 system 0.03
>   # If we do not add '.' at last in pattern, not dfa but kwset is used.
> grep also speeds-up about 3x in following case.
>   time -p env LC_ALL=C grep -vf /usr/share/dict/linux.words 
> /usr/share/dict/linux.words
>   (before) real  2.48 user  2.09 system 0.38
>   (after)  real  7.69 user  6.32 system 1.29

Thank you for the patches.
However, the before/after numbers you show here suggest that the
"after" code takes more than triple of the time of "before".

Also, when I compared grep compiled at
123620af88f55c3e0cc9f0aed7311c72f625bc82 (latest, including your
changes) and that compiled at the prior commit,
9c11510507ebcd31671f10d9b88532f8e6657ad2, I find that the new version
takes over 30 seconds, while the prior one took about 20 seconds.

FTR, I used gcc version 9.0.0 20180912, compiling with -O3.

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