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www/server/staging/nav-bar/test9 essays-and-art...


From: Therese Godefroy
Subject: www/server/staging/nav-bar/test9 essays-and-art...
Date: Fri, 23 Jul 2021 08:45:24 -0400 (EDT)

CVSROOT:        /webcvs/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     Therese Godefroy <th_g> 21/07/23 08:45:24

Modified files:
        server/staging/nav-bar/test9: essays-and-articles.html 

Log message:
        Hide dates in SSIs; minor fixes.

CVSWeb URLs:
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/server/staging/nav-bar/test9/essays-and-articles.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.14&r2=1.15

Patches:
Index: essays-and-articles.html
===================================================================
RCS file: 
/webcvs/www/www/server/staging/nav-bar/test9/essays-and-articles.html,v
retrieving revision 1.14
retrieving revision 1.15
diff -u -b -r1.14 -r1.15
--- essays-and-articles.html    23 Jul 2021 08:47:44 -0000      1.14
+++ essays-and-articles.html    23 Jul 2021 12:45:23 -0000      1.15
@@ -4,6 +4,17 @@
 <!--#set var="DISABLE_TOP_ADDENDUM" value="yes" -->
 <title>Essays and Articles
 - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation</title>
+<style type="text/css" media="print,screen"><!--
+.summary { margin-top: 1.8em; }
+.resources { width: 47em; max-width: 100%; }
+.resources h3 {
+   padding-bottom: .2em;
+   margin: 1.8em 0 1.2em;
+   border-bottom: 1px solid #bbb;
+}
+ul.no-bullet li { text-indent: -1.5em; }
+.date-tag { font-size: .94em; }
+--></style>
 <!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/essays-and-articles.translist" -->
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
 <!--#include virtual="/server/staging/nav-bar/test9/philosophy-menu.html" -->
@@ -19,7 +30,7 @@
 articles were written by Richard Stallman.</p>
 </div>
 
-<div class="summary" style="margin-top: 1.8em">
+<div class="summary">
 <h3 class="no-display">Table of Contents</h3>
 <ul>
  <li><a href="#aboutfs">About Free Software</a>
@@ -72,8 +83,8 @@
 <hr class="no-display" />
 </div>
 
-<div style="width: 47em; max-width: 100%">
-<h3 id="aboutfs" class="subheader">About Free Software</h3>
+<div class="resources">
+<h3 id="aboutfs">About Free Software</h3>
 <p>
 Free software is a matter of freedom: people should be free to use
 software in all the ways that are socially useful.   Software differs
@@ -83,197 +94,325 @@
 software users should be able to make use of them.</p>
 
 <h4 id="principles">Principles</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[From 1996] <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">What is Free
+<ul class="no-bullet">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[From 1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">What is Free
    Software?</a></li>
- <li>[2015] <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-software-even-more-important.html">
    Free Software Is Even More Important Now</a></li>
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/programs-must-not-limit-freedom-to-run.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/programs-must-not-limit-freedom-to-run.html">
    Why programs must not limit the freedom to run them</a> &mdash;
    Freedom 0 must not be limited.</li>
- <li>[2007] <a href="/philosophy/your-freedom-needs-free-software.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2007]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/your-freedom-needs-free-software.html">
    Your Freedom Needs Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/selling.html">Selling Free Software</a> is
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/selling.html">Selling Free Software</a> is
    OK!</li>
- <li>[1994] <a href="/philosophy/why-free.html">Why Software Should Not Have
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1994]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/why-free.html">Why Software Should Not Have
    Owners</a></li>
- <li>[1991] <a href="/philosophy/shouldbefree.html">Why Software Should Be
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1991]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/shouldbefree.html">Why Software Should Be
    Free</a> &mdash; An older and longer essay about the same topic as
    the previous one.</li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="practice">Practice</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2015] <a href="/philosophy/applying-free-sw-criteria.html">
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/applying-free-sw-criteria.html">
    Applying the Free Software Criteria</a></li>
- <li>[2014] <a href="/philosophy/imperfection-isnt-oppression.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2014]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/imperfection-isnt-oppression.html">
    Imperfection is not the same as oppression</a></li>
- <li>[2011] <a href="/philosophy/android-and-users-freedom.html">Android
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2011]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/android-and-users-freedom.html">Android
    and Users' Freedom</a></li>
- <li>[1999-2011] <a
-   href="/philosophy/when-free-software-isnt-practically-superior.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999-2011]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/when-free-software-isnt-practically-superior.html">
    When Free Software Isn't (Practically) Superior</a> by Benjamin Mako
    Hill</li>
- <li>[1997-2011] <a href="/software/reliability.html">Free Software is More
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1997-2011]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/software/reliability.html">Free Software is More
    Reliable!</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="other">Extension to other areas</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2020] <a href="/philosophy/free-software-rocket.html">Should Rockets
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2020]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-software-rocket.html">Should Rockets
    Have Only Free Software? Free Software and Appliances</a></li>
- <li>[2015] <a href="/philosophy/free-hardware-designs.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-hardware-designs.html">
    Free Hardware and Free Hardware Designs</a></li>
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/network-services-arent-free-or-nonfree.html">
-   Network Services Aren't Free or Nonfree; They Raise Other Issues</a></li>
- <li>[2000] <a href="/philosophy/gnutella.html" id="Gnutella">Regarding
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/network-services-arent-free-or-nonfree.html">
+   Network Services Aren't Free or Nonfree; They Raise Other
+   Issues</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2000]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/gnutella.html" id="Gnutella">Regarding
    Gnutella</a></li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/free-doc.html">Why Free Software Needs Free
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-doc.html">Why Free Software Needs Free
    Documentation</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="mix">Mixing free and nonfree</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2016] <a href="/philosophy/when-free-depends-on-nonfree.html">
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2016]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/when-free-depends-on-nonfree.html">
    When Free Software Depends on Nonfree</a></li>
- <li>[2013] <a href="/philosophy/is-ever-good-use-nonfree-program.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2013]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/is-ever-good-use-nonfree-program.html">
    Is It Ever a Good Thing to Use a Nonfree Program?</a></li>
- <li>[2005] <a href="/philosophy/mcvoy.html">Thank You, Larry McVoy</a></li>
- <li>[1998] <a href="/philosophy/udi.html">The Free Software Movement and
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/mcvoy.html">Thank You, Larry McVoy</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1998]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/udi.html">The Free Software Movement and
    UDI</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="free-open">Free software vs open source</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2007-2021] <a href="/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html">Why
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2007-2021]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html">Why
    &ldquo;Open Source&rdquo; misses the point of Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[2015] <a href="/philosophy/free-open-overlap.html">How Free Software
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-open-overlap.html">How Free Software
    and Open Source Relate as Categories of Programs</a></li>
- <li>[2013] <a href="/philosophy/floss-and-foss.html"> FLOSS and
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2013]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/floss-and-foss.html"> FLOSS and
    FOSS</a></li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/linux-gnu-freedom.html">Linux, GNU, and
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/linux-gnu-freedom.html">Linux, GNU, and
    Freedom</a></li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/drdobbs-letter.html">
-   Letter to the Editor of Dr. Dobb's Journal</a> on the distinction
-   between the free software and open source movements.</li>
- <li>[1998] <a href="/philosophy/free-software-for-freedom.html">&ldquo;Open
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/drdobbs-letter.html">
+   Letter to the Editor of Dr. Dobb's Journal</a> &mdash; On the
+   distinction between the free software and open source movements.</li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1998]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-software-for-freedom.html">&ldquo;Open
    Source Software&rdquo; or &ldquo;Free Software&rdquo;?</a> (replaced
    by <a href="/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html">Why
    &ldquo;Open Source&rdquo; misses the point of Free Software</a>)</li>
 </ul>
 
 
-<h3 id="upholding" class="subheader">Upholding Software Freedom</h3>
+<h3 id="upholding">Upholding Software Freedom</h3>
 
-<ul>
+<h4>The GNU Operating System</h4>
+<ul class="no-bullet">
  <li><a href="/gnu/gnu.html">GNU</a> &mdash; History, relationship with
    Linux, etc.</li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="fsmovement">The free software movement</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2004] <a href="/philosophy/use-free-software.html">The Free Software
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2004]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/use-free-software.html">The Free Software
    Community After 20 Years</a> &mdash; With great but incomplete success,
    what now?</li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/15-years-of-free-software.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/15-years-of-free-software.html">
    15 Years of Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/free-software-intro.html">Free Software
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/free-software-intro.html">Free Software
    movement</a></li>
 
- <li>External link
-  <ul> 
-   <li><a href="https://www.fsf.org/";>Free Software Foundation website</a></li>
+ <li><i>External link</i>
+  <ul class="no-bullet"> 
+   <li><a href="https://www.fsf.org/";>The official website of the Free
+   Software Foundation</a></li>
   </ul>
  </li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="need">The need for free software</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2011-2017] <a href="/philosophy/government-free-software.html">
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2011-2017]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/government-free-software.html">
    Measures Governments Can Use to Promote Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[2009-2014] <a href="/education/edu-schools.html">Why Schools Should
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009-2014]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/education/edu-schools.html">Why Schools Should
    Use Exclusively Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[2014] <a href="/philosophy/technological-neutrality.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2014]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/technological-neutrality.html">
    Technological Neutrality and Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[2013] <a href="/philosophy/uruguay.html">Lesson from Uruguay</a>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2013]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/uruguay.html">Lesson from Uruguay</a>
    &mdash; The FSF learned something from a bill presented in Uruguay.</li>
- <li>[2005] <a href="/philosophy/second-sight.html">Free Software and
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/second-sight.html">Free Software and
    (e-)Government</a> (originally published in <cite>The Guardian</cite>
    under the title &ldquo;Second Sight&rdquo;)</li>
- <li>[2005] <a href="/philosophy/fs-and-sustainable-development.html">Free
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/fs-and-sustainable-development.html">Free
    Software and Sustainable Development</a> &mdash; A short article
    regarding the use of proprietary software in cultural development.</li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="strategies">Guide for action</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2020] <a href="/philosophy/saying-no-even-once.html">Saying No to
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2020]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/saying-no-even-once.html">Saying No to
    unjust computing even once is help</a></li>
- <li>[2002-2020] <a href="/philosophy/no-word-attachments.html"
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002-2020]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/no-word-attachments.html"
    id="NoWordAttachments">We Can Put an End to Word Attachments</a></li>
- <li>[2019] <a href="/philosophy/install-fest-devil.html">Install Fests:
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2019]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/install-fest-devil.html">Install Fests:
    What to Do about the Deal with the Devil</a></li>
- <li>[2019] <a href="/philosophy/upgrade-windows.html">What Is the Right Way
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2019]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/upgrade-windows.html">What Is the Right Way
    to Upgrade an Installation of Windows?</a></li>
- <li>[2018] <a href="kind-communication">GNU Kind Communications
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2018]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="kind-communication">GNU Kind Communications
    Guidelines</a></li>
- <li>[2017] <a href="/philosophy/hackathons.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2017]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/hackathons.html">
    Why Hackathons Should Insist on Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[2014] <a href="/philosophy/contradictory-support.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2014]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/contradictory-support.html">
    Beware of Contradictory &ldquo;Support&rdquo;</a></li>
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/devils-advocate.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/devils-advocate.html">
    Why the Devil's Advocate Doesn't Help Reach the Truth</a></li>
- <li>[2010] <a href="/philosophy/practical.html">The Advantages of Free
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2010]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/practical.html">The Advantages of Free
    Software</a></li>
- <li>[2009] <a href="/philosophy/pirate-party.html">How the Swedish Pirate
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/pirate-party.html">How the Swedish Pirate
    Party Platform Backfires on Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[2009] <a href="/philosophy/fs-motives.html">Motives For Writing Free
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/fs-motives.html">Motives For Writing Free
    Software</a></li>
- <li>[2008] <a href="/philosophy/ucita.html">Why We Must Fight UCITA</a></li>
- <li>[2008] <a href="/philosophy/compromise.html">Avoiding Ruinous
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2008]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/ucita.html">Why We Must Fight UCITA</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2008]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/compromise.html">Avoiding Ruinous
    Compromises</a></li>
- <li>[2007] <a href="/philosophy/social-inertia.html">Overcoming Social
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2007]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/social-inertia.html">Overcoming Social
    Inertia</a></li>
- <li>[2004] <a href="/philosophy/my_doom.html">MyDoom and You</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2004]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/my_doom.html">MyDoom and You</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 
-<h3 id="LicensingFreeSoftware" class="subheader">Licensing Free Software</h3>
+<h3 id="LicensingFreeSoftware">Licensing Free Software</h3>
 
-<ul>
+<ul class="no-bullet">
  <li><a href="/licenses/licenses.html">General information on licensing
    and copyleft</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="copyleft">Copyleft</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2009-2017] <a href="/philosophy/selling-exceptions.html">On Selling
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009-2017]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/selling-exceptions.html">On Selling
    Exceptions to the GNU GPL</a></li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/why-copyleft.html">Why Copyleft?</a></li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/university.html">Releasing Free Software if
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/why-copyleft.html">Why Copyleft?</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/university.html">Releasing Free Software if
    You Work at a University</a></li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/gpl-american-way.html" id="GPLAmericanWay">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/gpl-american-way.html" id="GPLAmericanWay">
    The GNU GPL and the American Way</a></li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/gpl-american-dream.html"
-   id="GPLAmericanDream">The GNU GPL and the American Dream</a> by Bradley
-   M. Kuhn</li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/freedom-or-power.html" id="FreedomOrPower">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/gpl-american-dream.html"
+   id="GPLAmericanDream">The GNU GPL and the American Dream</a> by
+   Bradley&nbsp;M.&nbsp;Kuhn</li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/freedom-or-power.html" id="FreedomOrPower">
    Freedom or Power?</a> by Bradley M. Kuhn and Richard Stallman</li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/rtlinux-patent.html">GPL-compliant version
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/rtlinux-patent.html">GPL-compliant version
    of RTLinux Open Patent License in Works</a></li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/enforcing-gpl.html" id="EnforcingGPL">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/enforcing-gpl.html" id="EnforcingGPL">
    Enforcing the GNU GPL</a> by Eben Moglen</li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/using-gfdl.html" id="UsingGFDL">Using the
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/using-gfdl.html" id="UsingGFDL">Using the
    GNU FDL</a></li>
- <li>[1998] <a href="/philosophy/pragmatic.html">Copyleft: Pragmatic
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1998]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/pragmatic.html">Copyleft: Pragmatic
    Idealism</a></li>
 
- <li>External links
-  <ul> 
-   <li>[2005] <a href="https://www.fsf.org/blogs/licensing/20050211.html";>
+ <li><i>External links</i>
+  <ul class="no-bullet"> 
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="https://www.fsf.org/blogs/licensing/20050211.html";>
    Censorship envy and licensing</a> by David &ldquo;Novalis&rdquo;
    Turner</li>
-   <li>[2004] <a 
href="https://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/archive/downloads/research/gpl/OIIFB_GPL2_20040903.pdf";>
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2004]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/archive/downloads/research/gpl/OIIFB_GPL2_20040903.pdf";>
    English translation of the famous decision of the District Court of
    Munich</a> regarding the enforceability and validity of the GPL, by the
    translators of the Oxford Internet Institute.</li>
@@ -282,137 +421,214 @@
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="non-copyleft">Non-copyleft</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li><a href="/licenses/bsd.html">The BSD License Problem</a></li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/apsl.html">The Problems of the Apple
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1998-2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/licenses/bsd.html">The BSD License Problem</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/apsl.html">The Problems of the Apple
    License</a></li>
- <li>[2000] <a href="/philosophy/plan-nine.html" id="PlanNineLicense">The
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2000]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/plan-nine.html" id="PlanNineLicense">The
    Problems of the Plan 9 License</a></li>
- <li>[1998] <a href="/philosophy/netscape-npl.html">The Netscape Public
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1998]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/netscape-npl.html">The Netscape Public
    License Has Serious Problems</a> (An <a
    href="/philosophy/netscape-npl-old.html">earlier version of this
    article</a> is also available.)</li>
- <li>[1998] <a href="/philosophy/netscape.html">Netscape and Free
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1998]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/netscape.html">Netscape and Free
    Software</a> &mdash; An old article that clarifies some
    misunderstandings about an announcement by Netscape.</li>
- <li>[1997] <a href="/philosophy/motif.html" id="MotifLicense">The New Motif
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1997]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/motif.html" id="MotifLicense">The New Motif
    License</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="traps">Licensing traps</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2009-2019] <a href="/philosophy/javascript-trap.html">JavaScript
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009-2019]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/javascript-trap.html">JavaScript
    Trap</a> &mdash; You may be running nonfree programs on your computer
    every day without realizing it&mdash;through your web browser.</li>
- <li>[2004-2015] <a href="/philosophy/java-trap.html" id="JavaTrap">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2004-2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/java-trap.html" id="JavaTrap">
    Free But Shackled - The Java Trap</a> &mdash; Although Sun has
    <a href="https://www.fsf.org/news/fsf-welcomes-gpl-java.html";>
    relicensed</a> most of its Java platform reference implementation
    under the GNU General Public License, the issue described in this
    article still remains important.</li>
- <li>[1998-2009] <a href="/philosophy/x.html">The X Window System
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1998-2009]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/x.html">The X Window System
    Trap</a></li>
- <li>[2006] <a href="/philosophy/sun-in-night-time.html">The Curious
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2006]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/sun-in-night-time.html">The Curious
    Incident of Sun in the Night-Time</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="microsoft">Microsoft and free software</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2009] <a href="/philosophy/microsoft.html">Is Microsoft the
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/microsoft.html">Is Microsoft the
    Great Satan?</a> (An <a href="/philosophy/microsoft-old.html">older
    version</a> of this article is also available.)</li>
- <li>[2009] <a href="/philosophy/lest-codeplex-perplex.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/lest-codeplex-perplex.html">
    Lest CodePlex perplex</a></li>
- <li>[2008] <a href="/philosophy/gates.html">It's not the Gates, it's the
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2008]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/gates.html">It's not the Gates, it's the
    bars</a></li>
- <li>[2005] <a href="/philosophy/microsoft-new-monopoly.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/microsoft-new-monopoly.html">
    Microsoft's New Monopoly</a></li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/sco/sco-gnu-linux.html">SCO, GNU, and
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003-2004]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/sco/sco.html">FSF's Position regarding
+   SCO's attacks on Free Software</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/sco/sco-gnu-linux.html">SCO, GNU, and
    Linux</a> &mdash; How SCO's lawsuit against IBM pertains to the work of
-   the GNU project. Please see the <a
-   href="/philosophy/sco/sco.html">FSF SCO Response Page</a> for more
-   details on this subject.</li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/ms-doj-tunney.html">FSF's Statement in
+   the GNU project.</li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/ms-doj-tunney.html">FSF's Statement in
    Response to Proposed Revised Final Judgment in Microsoft v. United
    States</a></li>
- <li>[2000] <a href="/philosophy/microsoft-verdict.html">On the Microsoft
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2000]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/microsoft-verdict.html">On the Microsoft
    Verdict</a></li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/microsoft-antitrust.html">The Microsoft
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/microsoft-antitrust.html">The Microsoft
    Antitrust Trial and Free Software</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 
-<h3 id="Laws" class="subheader">Legal issues</h3>
+<h3 id="Laws">Legal issues</h3>
 
 <h4 id="patents">Patents</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/limit-patent-effect.html">Giving the
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/limit-patent-effect.html">Giving the
    Software Field Protection from Patents</a></li>
- <li>[2011] <a href="/philosophy/europes-unitary-patent.html">Europe's
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2011]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/europes-unitary-patent.html">Europe's
    &ldquo;unitary patent&rdquo; could mean unlimited software
    patents</a></li>
- <li>[2006]<a href="/philosophy/trivial-patent.html">The Anatomy of a
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2006]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/trivial-patent.html">The Anatomy of a
    Trivial Patent</a></li>
- <li>[2005] <a href="/philosophy/bill-gates-and-other-communists.html">Bill
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/bill-gates-and-other-communists.html">Bill
    Gates and Other Communists</a></li>
- <li>[2005] <a href="/philosophy/software-literary-patents.html"
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/software-literary-patents.html"
    id="SoftwareLiteraryPatents">Software Patents and Literary Patents</a>
    &mdash; Speaking of patenting artistic techniques, US patent
    (6,935,954) covers making game characters start to hallucinate when
    (according to the game) they are being driven insane. That is getting
    pretty close to the hypothetical examples cited in this article.</li>
- <li>[2004] <a href="/philosophy/fighting-software-patents.html"
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2004]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/fighting-software-patents.html"
    id="FightingSoftwarePatents">Fighting Software Patents&mdash;Singly and
    Together</a></li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/w3c-patent.html">FSF's Position on W3
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/w3c-patent.html">FSF's Position on W3
    Consortium &ldquo;Royalty-Free&rdquo; Patent Policy</a> (rewritten)</li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/guardian-article.html">Opposing The
-   European Software Patent Directive</a> by Richard Stallman and Nick
-   Hill</li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/hague.html">Harm from the Hague</a></li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/amazon-rms-tim.html">Letter from Richard
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/guardian-article.html">Opposing The European
+   Software Patent Directive</a> by Richard Stallman and Nick&nbsp;Hill</li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/hague.html">Harm from the Hague</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/amazon-rms-tim.html">Letter from Richard
    Stallman to Tim O'Reilly</a> in regard to a statement by Jeff Bezos,
    CEO of Amazon, on the duration of software patents.</li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/amazon-nat.html">Amazon Boycott
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/amazon-nat.html">Amazon Boycott
    Success!</a> &mdash; A letter from Nat Friedman to Richard Stallman.</li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/amazon.html">Boycott Amazon!</a></li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/amazonpatent.html">Amazon's patent on a
-   system for placing a purchase order over the internet</a>, with notes
-   by Richard Stallman</li>
- <li>[1997] <a href="/philosophy/gif.html">Why there are no GIF files on GNU
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/amazon.html">Boycott Amazon!</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/amazonpatent.html">Method and system for
+   placing a purchase order via a communications network</a> &mdash; Amazon
+   patent with notes by Richard Stallman</li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1997]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/gif.html">Why there are no GIF files on GNU
    web pages</a> &mdash; While this story is a historical illustration of
    the danger of software patents, these particular patents are now no
    longer a concern. For details of our website policies regarding
    GIFs, see our <a
    href="/server/gnu-website-guidelines.html#UseofGraphics">web
    guidelines</a>.</li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/savingeurope.html">Saving Europe from
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/savingeurope.html">Saving Europe from
    Software Patents</a></li>
- <li>[1996] How to Protect the <a href="/philosophy/protecting.html">Right
-   to Write Software</a> (whether it's free or not)</li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/patent-reform-is-not-enough.html">Patent
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/protecting.html">Help Protect the Rights
+   to Write Both Nonfree and Free Software</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/patent-reform-is-not-enough.html">Patent
    Reform Is Not Enough</a></li>
 
- <li>External links
-  <ul> 
-   <li><a href="https://www.eff.org/search/site/dvd cases/">EFF
+ <li><i>External links</i>
+  <ul class="no-bullet"> 
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2000-2007]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="https://www.eff.org/search/site/dvd cases/">EFF
    &ldquo;Intellectual Property&rdquo;: MPAA (Motion Picture Association
    of America) DVD Cases Archive</a></li>
-   <li>[2005] <a
-   href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2005/aug/02/comment.business";>
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2005/aug/02/comment.business";>
    Soft sell</a> &mdash; Comments on the defeat of the EU software
    patenting directive.</li>
-   <li>[2005] <a
-   
href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2005/jun/23/onlinesupplement.insideit";>
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2005]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2005/jun/23/onlinesupplement.insideit";>
    Patent absurdity</a></li>
-   <li>[2001] <a
-   
href="https://www.eff.org/press/releases/princeton-scientists-sue-over-squelched-research";>
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://www.eff.org/press/releases/princeton-scientists-sue-over-squelched-research";>
    Princeton Scientists Sue Over Squelched Research</a> &mdash; In Felten
    v. RIAA, scientists ask a court to rule that the Digital Millennium
    Copyright Act (DMCA) does not prohibit them from publishing their
    research.</li>
-   <li>[2000] <a
-   
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20000815064858/http://www.researchoninnovation.org/patent.pdf";
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2000]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20000815064858/http://www.researchoninnovation.org/patent.pdf";
    id="SequentialIPandI">Sequential Innovation, Patents, and Imitation</a>
    by James Bessen and Eric Maskin &mdash; A mathematical model showing
    how patents can impede progress in fields like software.</li>
@@ -421,37 +637,53 @@
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="copyright">Copyright</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2014] <a href="/philosophy/assigning-copyright.html">When a Company
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2014]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/assigning-copyright.html">When a Company
    Asks For Your Copyright</a></li>
- <li>[2010] <a href="/philosophy/public-domain-manifesto.html">Why I Will
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2010]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/public-domain-manifesto.html">Why I Will
    Not Sign the Public Domain Manifesto</a></li>
- <li>[2008] <a href="/philosophy/freedom-or-copyright.html">Freedom&mdash;or
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2008]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/freedom-or-copyright.html">Freedom&mdash;or
    Copyright?</a> (an <a
    href="/philosophy/freedom-or-copyright-old.html">older version</a> of
    this essay remains online as well.)</li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/misinterpreting-copyright.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/misinterpreting-copyright.html">
    Misinterpreting Copyright</a> &mdash; About the flaws in popular
    defenses of copyright law.</li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/eldred-amicus.html">FSF's Brief Amicus
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/eldred-amicus.html">FSF's Brief Amicus
    Curiae in the Eldred v. Ashcroft Supreme Court case</a> by Eben
    Moglen</li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/philosophy/push-copyright-aside.html">Science must
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/push-copyright-aside.html">Science must
    &ldquo;push copyright aside&rdquo;</a> &mdash; On how copyright is
    impeding progress in scientific research.</li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/reevaluating-copyright.html">Reevaluating
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/reevaluating-copyright.html">Reevaluating
    Copyright: The Public must prevail</a></li>
 
- <li>External links
-  <ul> 
+ <li><i>External links</i>
+  <ul class="no-bullet"> 
    <li><a href="https://www.plos.org/";>The Public Library of Science</a> is
    dedicated to making scientific research freely available to all on the
    Internet.</li>
-   <li>[2001] <a
-   
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20030604075825/http://www.humaninfo.org/copyrigh.htm";>
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20030604075825/http://www.humaninfo.org/copyrigh.htm";>
    Examples of Excellent Copyright Policies</a></li>
-   <li>[1999] <a
-   
href="https://cyber.harvard.edu/openlaw/eldredvashcroft/cyber/complaint_orig.html";>
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://cyber.harvard.edu/openlaw/eldredvashcroft/cyber/complaint_orig.html";>
    Eldred v. Reno</a> &mdash; About a lawsuit to overturn a law that extends
    copyright by 20 extra years.</li>
   </ul>
@@ -461,19 +693,29 @@
 <h4 id="noip">The propaganda term &ldquo;<a
 href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#IntellectualProperty">Intellectual
 Property</a>&rdquo;</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2015] <a href="/philosophy/komongistan.html">The Curious History of
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/komongistan.html">The Curious History of
    Komongistan (Busting the term &ldquo;intellectual property&rdquo;)</a></li>
- <li>[2006] <a href="/philosophy/no-ip-ethos.html">Don't Let
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2006]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/no-ip-ethos.html">Don't Let
    &ldquo;Intellectual Property&rdquo; Twist Your Ethos</a></li>
- <li>[2004] <a href="/philosophy/not-ipr.html">Did You Say
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2004]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/not-ipr.html">Did You Say
    &ldquo;Intellectual Property&rdquo;? It's a Seductive Mirage</a> &mdash;
    On the true meaning of the phrase &ldquo;Intellectual
    Property.&rdquo;</li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/ipjustice.html">Reject IP Enforcement
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/ipjustice.html">Reject IP Enforcement
    Directive</a> &mdash; Comments on the ICLC's rejection
    of the IP Enforcement Directive.</li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/boldrin-levine.html">A review of
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/boldrin-levine.html">A review of
    Boldrin and Levine's &ldquo;The case against intellectual
    property&rdquo;</a></li>
 </ul>
@@ -482,57 +724,94 @@
 <h3 id="cultural">Cultural and Social Issues</h3>
 
 <h4 id="society">Digital society</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/stallmans-law.html">Stallman's Law</a></li>
- <li>[2009] <a href="/philosophy/digital-inclusion-in-freedom.html">
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/stallmans-law.html">Stallman's Law</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2009]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/digital-inclusion-in-freedom.html">
    Is Digital Inclusion A Good Thing? How Can We Make Sure It Is?</a></li>
- <li>[2007] <a href="/philosophy/computing-progress.html">Computing
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2007]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/computing-progress.html">Computing
    &ldquo;progress&rdquo;: good and bad</a></li>
- <li>[2003] <a href="/philosophy/wsis.html">World Summit on the Information
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2003]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/wsis.html">World Summit on the Information
    Society</a></li>
 </ul>
 
-<h4 id="drm">Digital Restrictions Management</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2015] <a href="/philosophy/loyal-computers.html">What Does It Mean for
+<h4 id="drm">Digital restrictions management</h4>
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/loyal-computers.html">What Does It Mean for
    Your Computer to Be Loyal?</a></li>
- <li>[2013] <a href="/philosophy/nonfree-games.html">Nonfree DRM'd Games on
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2013]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/nonfree-games.html">Nonfree DRM'd Games on
    GNU/Linux: Good or Bad?</a></li>
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/correcting-france-mistake.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/correcting-france-mistake.html">
    Correcting My Mistake about French Law</a></li>
- <li>[2008] <a href="/philosophy/the-root-of-this-problem.html">The problem
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2008]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/the-root-of-this-problem.html">The problem
    is software controlled by its developer</a></li>
- <li>[2006] <a href="/philosophy/opposing-drm.html">Opposing Digital Rights
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2006]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/opposing-drm.html">Opposing Digital Rights
    Mismanagement</a> answers a few common questions about DRM.</li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/can-you-trust.html">Can you trust your
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/can-you-trust.html">Can you trust your
    computer?</a> &mdash; About the so-called &ldquo;trusted computing&rdquo;
    initiatives.</li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="access">Accessing culture</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[1996-2016] <a href="/philosophy/right-to-read.html">The Right to Read:
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996-2016]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/right-to-read.html">The Right to Read:
    A Dystopian Short Story</a></li>
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/ebooks-must-increase-freedom.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/ebooks-must-increase-freedom.html">
    Ebooks must increase our freedom, not decrease it</a></li>
- <li>[2011] <a href="/philosophy/the-danger-of-ebooks.html">The Danger of
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2011]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/the-danger-of-ebooks.html">The Danger of
    E-Books</a></li>
- <li>[2001] <a href="/encyclopedia/free-encyclopedia.html">The Free
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2001]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/encyclopedia/free-encyclopedia.html">The Free
    Universal Encyclopedia and Learning Resource</a></li>
- <li>[2000] <a href="/philosophy/ebooks.html">Ebooks: Freedom Or
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2000]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/ebooks.html">Ebooks: Freedom Or
    Copyright</a></li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="/philosophy/new-monopoly.html">U.S. Congress Threatens
-   to Establish a New Kind of Monopoly</a>, an attempt of the Congress
-   to create a private monopoly over repeating publicly known
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/new-monopoly.html">U.S. Congress Threatens
+   to Establish a New Kind of Monopoly</a> &mdash;An attempt of the
+   Congress to create a private monopoly over repeating publicly known
    information.</li>
- <li>[1999] <a href="stophr3028.html">Stop H.R. 3028 - Protect the Net -
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="stophr3028.html">Stop H.R. 3028 - Protect the Net -
    Stop the Trademark Monopolists</a></li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.html">Comments on
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.html">Comments on
    Roderick Long's Article</a></li>
- <li>External link
-  <ul> 
-   <li>[2010] <a
-   
href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/blog/2010/apr/06/digital-economy-bill-richard-stallman";>
+ <li><i>External link</i>
+  <ul class="no-bullet"> 
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2010]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/blog/2010/apr/06/digital-economy-bill-richard-stallman";>
    Digital economy bill: One clown giveth and the other clown taketh
    away</a></li>
   </ul>
@@ -540,91 +819,142 @@
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="funding">Funding cultural works</h4>
-<ul>
- <li>[2013] <a href="/philosophy/funding-art-vs-funding-software.html">
+<ul class="no-bullet">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2013]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/funding-art-vs-funding-software.html">
    Funding Art vs Funding Software</a></li>
- <li>[1992] <a href="/philosophy/dat.html">The Right Way to Tax DAT</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1992]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/dat.html">The Right Way to Tax DAT</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="ns">Network Services</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[2021] <a href="/philosophy/wwworst-app-store.html">The WWWorst App
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2021]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/wwworst-app-store.html">The WWWorst App
    Store</a> by Alexandre Oliva</li>
- <li>[2010-2020] <a href="/philosophy/who-does-that-server-really-serve.html">
-   Who does that server really serve?</a></li>
- <li>[2020] <a href="/philosophy/posting-videos.html">Posting Videos</a></li>
- <li>[2015] <a href="/philosophy/whats-wrong-with-youtube.html">What's Wrong
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2010-2020]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/who-does-that-server-really-serve.html">Who
+   does that server really serve?</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2020]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/posting-videos.html">Posting Videos</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/whats-wrong-with-youtube.html">What's Wrong
    with YouTube</a></li>
- <li>[2014] <a href="/philosophy/bug-nobody-allowed-to-understand.html">The
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2014]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/bug-nobody-allowed-to-understand.html">The
    Bug Nobody is Allowed to Understand</a></li>
- <li>[2011] <a href="/philosophy/judge-internet-usage.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2011]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/judge-internet-usage.html">
    A wise user judges each Internet usage scenario carefully</a></li>
- <li>[2011] <a href="/philosophy/keep-control-of-your-computing.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2011]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/keep-control-of-your-computing.html">
    Keep control of your computing, so it doesn't control you!</a></li>
 </ul>
 
 <h4 id="surveillance">Surveillance, censorship, etc.</h4>
-<ul> 
- <li>[From 2013] <a href="/philosophy/proprietary.html">Clearly established
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[From 2013]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/proprietary.html">Clearly established
    cases of proprietary software that does nasty things to the users</a></li>
- <li>[2015-2019] <a href="/philosophy/surveillance-vs-democracy.html">How
-   Much Surveillance Can Democracy Withstand?</a></li>
- <li>[2018] <a href="/philosophy/surveillance-testimony.html">Surveillance
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2015-2019]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/surveillance-vs-democracy.html">How Much
+   Surveillance Can Democracy Withstand?</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2018]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/surveillance-testimony.html">Surveillance
    Testimony</a></li>
- <li>[2018] <a href="/philosophy/phone-anonymous-payment.html">Anonymous
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2018]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/phone-anonymous-payment.html">Anonymous 
    Payment by Phone</a></li>
- <li>[2012] <a href="/philosophy/ubuntu-spyware.html">Ubuntu Spyware: What
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2012]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/ubuntu-spyware.html">Ubuntu Spyware: What
    to Do?</a></li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/wassenaar.html">The Wassenar Arrangement</a>
-   &mdash; Encryption software volunteers needed in countries without export
-   control.</li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/privacyaction.html">Protect Postal
-   Privacy</a> &mdash; A campaign to resist the proposed rule by the United
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/wassenaar.html">The Wassenar Arrangement</a>
+   &mdash; Encryption software volunteers needed in countries without
+   export control.</li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/privacyaction.html">Protect Postal Privacy</a>
+   &mdash; A campaign to resist the proposed rule by the United
    States Postal Service to collect private information from
    customers.</li>
- <li>[1996] How to Protect the <a href="/philosophy/basic-freedoms.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   How to Protect the <a href="/philosophy/basic-freedoms.html">
    Freedoms of Speech, Press, and Association</a> on the Internet.</li>
- <li>[1996] <a href="/philosophy/censoring-emacs.html">Censoring My
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/censoring-emacs.html">Censoring My 
    Software</a></li>
 
- <li>External link
-  <ul> 
-   <li>[2018] <a
-   
href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/apr/03/facebook-abusing-data-law-privacy-big-tech-surveillance";>
+ <li><i>External link</i>
+  <ul class="no-bullet"> 
+   <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2018]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a 
href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/apr/03/facebook-abusing-data-law-privacy-big-tech-surveillance";>
    A radical proposal to keep your personal data safe</a></li>
   </ul>
  </li>
 </ul>
 
 
-<h3 class="subheader" id="terminology">Terminology and Definitions</h3>
+<h3 id="terminology">Terminology and Definitions</h3>
 
-<ul> 
- <li>[From 1999] <a href="/philosophy/fs-translations.html">Translations of
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[From 1999]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/fs-translations.html">Translations of
    the term &ldquo;free software&rdquo;</a> into various languages.</li>
- <li>[From 1996] <a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html">Confusing
-   Words</a> which You Might Want to Avoid</li>
- <li>[1996-2019] <a href="/philosophy/categories.html">Categories of Free
-   and Non-Free Software</a></li>
- <li>[2013] <a href="/philosophy/why-call-it-the-swindle.html">Why call it
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[From 1996]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html">Words to Avoid (or Use with
+   Care) Because They Are Loaded or Confusing</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[1996-2019]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/categories.html">Categories of Free and Non-Free
+   Software</a></li>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2013]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/why-call-it-the-swindle.html">Why call it
    the Swindle</a></li>
- <li>[2002] <a href="/philosophy/wipo-PublicAwarenessOfCopyright-2002.html">
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2002]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/wipo-PublicAwarenessOfCopyright-2002.html">
    Public Awareness of Copyright, WIPO, June 2002</a> &mdash; How WIPO
    recognizes that their system is designed to restrict the public, and
    how they propose to modify terminology so that people won't notice.</li>
 </ul>
 
 
-<h3 id="humor" class="subheader">Philosophical humor</h3>
+<h3 id="humor">Philosophical humor</h3>
 
 <p>We don't have to be serious <i>all</i> the time.</p>
 
-<ul> 
+<ul class="no-bullet"> 
  <li><a href="/fun/humor.html#Philosophy">Laugh along with GNU
    (Philosophy)</a></li>
- <li>[2014] <a href="/philosophy/fire.html">Copyrighting Fire!</a> by Ian
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2014]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/fire.html">Copyrighting Fire!</a> by Ian
    Clarke</li>
- <li>[2000] <a href="/philosophy/bdk.html">The Ballad of Dennis Karjala</a>
+ <li><!--#set var='DATE' value='<span class="date-tag">[2000]</span>'
+  --><!--#echo encoding='none' var='DATE' -->
+   <a href="/philosophy/bdk.html">The Ballad of Dennis Karjala</a>
    by Timothy R. Phillips</li>
 </ul>
 </div>
@@ -685,7 +1015,7 @@
 
 <p class="unprintable">Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2021/07/23 08:47:44 $
+$Date: 2021/07/23 12:45:23 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>



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