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www/philosophy third-party-ideas.de.html po/thi...


From: GNUN
Subject: www/philosophy third-party-ideas.de.html po/thi...
Date: Wed, 3 Jul 2019 06:28:38 -0400 (EDT)

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     GNUN <gnun>     19/07/03 06:28:38

Modified files:
        philosophy     : third-party-ideas.de.html 
Added files:
        philosophy/po  : third-party-ideas.de-diff.html 

Log message:
        Automatic update by GNUnited Nations.

CVSWeb URLs:
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/third-party-ideas.de.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.73&r2=1.74
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/po/third-party-ideas.de-diff.html?cvsroot=www&rev=1.1

Patches:
Index: third-party-ideas.de.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/third-party-ideas.de.html,v
retrieving revision 1.73
retrieving revision 1.74
diff -u -b -r1.73 -r1.74
--- third-party-ideas.de.html   25 Oct 2017 11:30:11 -0000      1.73
+++ third-party-ideas.de.html   3 Jul 2019 10:28:38 -0000       1.74
@@ -1,4 +1,9 @@
-<!--#set var="ENGLISH_PAGE" value="/philosophy/third-party-ideas.en.html" -->
+<!--#set var="PO_FILE"
+ value='<a href="/philosophy/po/third-party-ideas.de.po">
+ https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/po/third-party-ideas.de.po</a>'
+ --><!--#set var="ORIGINAL_FILE" value="/philosophy/third-party-ideas.html"
+ --><!--#set var="DIFF_FILE" 
value="/philosophy/po/third-party-ideas.de-diff.html"
+ --><!--#set var="OUTDATED_SINCE" value="2019-05-04" --><!--#set 
var="ENGLISH_PAGE" value="/philosophy/third-party-ideas.en.html" -->
 
 <!--#include virtual="/server/header.de.html" -->
 <!-- Parent-Version: 1.84 -->
@@ -16,6 +21,7 @@
 
 <!-- id="education-content" -->
 <!--GNUN: OUT-OF-DATE NOTICE-->
+<!--#include virtual="/server/outdated.de.html" -->
 <!--#if expr="$OUTDATED_SINCE" -->
 <!--#else -->
 <!--#if expr="$LANGUAGE_SUFFIX" -->
@@ -570,7 +576,7 @@
 <p class="unprintable"><!-- timestamp start -->
 Letzte Änderung:
 
-$Date: 2017/10/25 11:30:11 $
+$Date: 2019/07/03 10:28:38 $
 
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>

Index: po/third-party-ideas.de-diff.html
===================================================================
RCS file: po/third-party-ideas.de-diff.html
diff -N po/third-party-ideas.de-diff.html
--- /dev/null   1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 -0000
+++ po/third-party-ideas.de-diff.html   3 Jul 2019 10:28:38 -0000       1.1
@@ -0,0 +1,450 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
+    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd";>
+<!-- Generated by GNUN -->
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"; xml:lang="en" lang="en">
+<head>
+<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
+<title>/philosophy/third-party-ideas.html-diff</title>
+<style type="text/css">
+span.removed { background-color: #f22; color: #000; }
+span.inserted { background-color: #2f2; color: #000; }
+</style></head>
+<body><pre>
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" --&gt;
+&lt;!-- Parent-Version: 1.84 --&gt;
+&lt;!--#set var="DISABLE_TOP_ADDENDUM" value="yes" --&gt;
+
+&lt;title&gt;Third Party Ideas
+- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation&lt;/title&gt;
+
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/third-party-ideas.translist" --&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" --&gt;
+
+&lt;div id="education-content"&gt;
+
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/philosophy/philosophy-menu.html" --&gt;
+
+&lt;/div&gt;&lt;!-- id="education-content" --&gt;
+&lt;!--GNUN: OUT-OF-DATE NOTICE--&gt;
+&lt;!--#if expr="$OUTDATED_SINCE" --&gt;&lt;!--#else --&gt;
+&lt;!--#if expr="$LANGUAGE_SUFFIX" --&gt;
+&lt;!--#set var="DISABLE_TOP_ADDENDUM" value="no" --&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/top-addendum.html" --&gt;
+&lt;!--#endif --&gt;
+&lt;!--#endif --&gt;
+&lt;h2 id="ThirdPartyIdeas"&gt;Third Party Ideas&lt;/h2&gt;
+
+&lt;p&gt;
+These articles give other people's philosophical
+opinions in support of free software, or related issues, and don't
+speak for the GNU project &mdash; but we more or less agree with 
them.&lt;/p&gt;
+
+&lt;p&gt;
+Many of the
+&lt;a href="/links/links.html#FreedomOrganizations"&gt;Organizations that Work
+for Freedom in Computer Development and Electronic Communications&lt;/a&gt;
+also have philosophical opinions in support of free software, or
+related issues.&lt;/p&gt;
+
+&lt;ul&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/lessig-fsfs-intro.html"&gt;Introduction by
+  Lawrence Lessig&lt;/a&gt; to 
+  &lt;a 
href="http://shop.fsf.org/product/free-software-free-society/"&gt;&lt;i&gt;
+  Free Software, Free Society: The Selected Essays of Richard
+  M. Stallman&lt;/i&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a
+  href="http://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/tblee/trouble-free-riding"&gt;The
+  Trouble with &ldquo;Free Riding&rdquo;&lt;/a&gt;, by Timothy B. 
Lee.&lt;/li&gt;
+  
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a
+  
href="http://www.cato-unbound.org/2008/06/09/rasmus-fleischer/the-future-of-copyright/"&gt;The
+  Future of Copyright&lt;/a&gt;, an essay by Rasmus Fleischer.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a
+  href="http://cic.unb.br/~rezende/trabs/stockholm.html"&gt;The
+  Digital Stockholm Syndrome&lt;/a&gt;: reflections over some psychological
+  responses to market forces, by Pedro Rezende, University of 
Brasilia.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://questioncopyright.org"&gt;QuestionCopyright.org&lt;/a&gt;
+  is a web site about the history and effects of copyright, dedicated
+  to raise awareness of the harmful consequences of today's copyright
+  system.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;
+    &lt;a 
href="http://www.informationweek.com/how-vista-lets-microsoft-lock-users-in/d/d-id/1049559"&gt;
+       How Vista Lets Microsoft Lock Users In&lt;/a&gt; by Cory Doctorow.
+       &lt;b&gt;Note:&lt;/b&gt; We think it is a mistake to use the enemy's 
favorable-sounding propaganda terms such as
+       &ldquo;trusted computing&rdquo; to describe a malicious plan.
+  &lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;
+    &lt;a <span 
class="removed"><del><strong>href="http://www.movingtofreedom.org/"&gt;movingtofreedom.org&lt;/a&gt;,</strong></del></span>
 <span 
class="inserted"><ins><em>href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180914161858/http://movingtofreedom.org/archives/"&gt;
+    movingtofreedom.org&lt;/a&gt;,</em></ins></span>
+    Scott Carpenter's blog with many freedom-related articles.
+  &lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;
+    &lt;a href="http://lwn.net/Articles/194701/"&gt;A couple of lessons on the 
hazards of proprietary software&lt;/a&gt;.
+  &lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;
+    &lt;a 
href="http://southflorida.bizjournals.com/southflorida/stories/2006/07/03/story8.html"&gt;
+      Multiple doctors cut off from records by Dr. Notes&lt;/a&gt;,
+    an example of how proprietary software gives the developers unjust power 
over the users.
+  &lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;Jimmy Wales explains why
+   &lt;a 
href="http://blog.jimmywales.com/index.php/archives/2004/10/21/free-knowledge-requires-free-software-and-free-file-formats/"&gt;
+  Free Knowledge requires Free Software and Free File Formats&lt;/a&gt;. In 
this paper, he also exposes why
+  &lt;a href="http://www.wikipedia.org"&gt;Wikipedia&lt;/a&gt; needs to be 
free software.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.juergen-ernst.de/info_swpat_en.html"&gt;Software patents under 
the
+      magnifying glass&lt;/a&gt;. In this article, the author uses arguments
+      based on lambda calculus to show why software cannot be 
patented.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://lwn.net/Articles/204641/"&gt;Free gadgets need 
free
+      software&lt;/a&gt;, an editorial reporting a firmware 
&ldquo;upgrade&rdquo; that
+      removes the ability to record radio broadcasts.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;Lakhani and Wolf's
+   &lt;a 
href="http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/sloan-school-of-management/15-352-managing-innovation-emerging-trends-spring-2005/readings/lakhaniwolf.pdf"&gt;paper
 on the
+   motivation of free software developers&lt;/a&gt; says that a considerable 
fraction are motivated by the view that software should be free.  This was 
despite the fact that they surveyed the developers on SourceForge, a site that 
does not support the view that this is an ethical issue.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.theinquirer.net/?article=11663"&gt;Groklaw
+  sends a Dear Darl letter&lt;/a&gt;: a group from the free software and
+  open source community has put together a response to SCO CEO Darl
+  McBride's Open Letter to the Open Source Community.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20060313152550/http://www.hardwarecentral.com/hardwarecentral/editorials/4788/1/"&gt;Hardware
+  Central [Archived Page]&lt;/a&gt;.  We disagree with one aspect of this 
article's
+  conclusion: It's not legitimate for Microsoft to help Disney and the
+  RIAA impose Digital Restrictions Management on you, any more than it
+  is legitimate for Disney and the RIAA to try it.  The full power of
+  computing should be available to you, not just to the owners of
+  information.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+&lt;li&gt;The SCO Sue Me Petition has overwhelmed its inceptor
+and the petition is no longer taking votes. The author
+of the petition, John Everitt, was expecting only several
+responses but instead he had thousands of participants. &lt;a
+href="https://www.linuxjournal.com/article/6913"&gt;In the
+last available public communication about the petition&lt;/a&gt;, he
+urged people to help &lt;a href="http://www.fsf.org"&gt;FSF&lt;/a&gt; in any
+way possible.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+&lt;li&gt;&lt;a
+href="https://web.archive.org/web/20030904102640/http://proposicion.org.ar/doc/gob/Conde-281102/index.html.en"&gt;Senator
+Alberto Conde's answer&lt;/a&gt; to CESSI regarding Bill E-135/02-03 which 
proposes
+use of Free Software in the public sector for the province of Buenos Aires. 
&lt;a
+href="https://web.archive.org/web/20030204005052/http://www.proposicion.org.ar/proyecto/leyes/E-135.02-03/"&gt;The
+bill&lt;/a&gt; has been submitted by Senator Alberto Conde himself.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+&lt;li&gt;Some economists argue that copyright and patents &lt;a
+<span 
class="removed"><del><strong>href="http://reason.com/archives/2003/03/01/creation-myths"&gt;</strong></del></span>
+<span 
class="inserted"><ins><em>href="https://reason.com/2003/03/01/creation-myths-2/"&gt;</em></ins></span>
 fail to promote
+the progress&lt;/a&gt; that they supposedly exist to promote.
+&lt;p&gt;
+This article takes a narrowly economic view of its subject, measuring
+social alternatives only by what goods are available for what price,
+assuming that you the citizen are a mere consumer and place no value
+on your freedom in itself.  It also uses the misleading term
+&lt;a 
href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#IntellectualProperty"&gt;&ldquo;intellectual
+property&rdquo;&lt;/a&gt;, which is misleading because it lumps copyrights and
+patents together.  The article also lumps them together, which it can
+get away with because it ignores the (different) social issues that
+copyrights and patents raise.
+&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;
+Despite those flaws, it is significant. If one can judge copyright to
+be harmful even on narrow economic terms, disregarding the ethical
+wrong of stopping people from sharing, it can only be more harmful
+once we consider the ethics as well.
+&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;Two articles by Duncan Campbell describe how NSA backdoors were
+  hidden in proprietary software programs:
+  &lt;a href="http://www.heise.de/tp/english/inhalt/te/2898/1.html"&gt;Only 
NSA can
+  listen, so that's OK&lt;/a&gt; and &lt;a
+  href="http://www.heise.de/tp/english/inhalt/te/5263/1.html"&gt;How NSA
+  access was built into Windows&lt;/a&gt;.  Both are clear demonstrations of 
how
+  users of proprietary software can often be unaware of what they are
+  actually running.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.compilerpress.ca/Cultural%20Economics/Works/CPU%202000.htm"&gt;Copyright
+  C.P.U.&lt;/a&gt;, by Harry Hillman Chartrand, is a good summary of the 
history of
+  copyright.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;Malla Pollack's
+  &lt;a 
href="http://eon.law.harvard.edu/openlaw/eldredvashcroft/progress.html"&gt;What
+  is Congress Supposed to Promote?&lt;/a&gt; explains how the United States'
+  government's recent tendencies to provide maximum control to copyright
+  holders defies the justification for establishment of copyright set out
+  in the constitution.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;Peruvian Congressman Dr. Edgar David Villanueva Nu&ntilde;ez wrote 
a
+  letter to a Microsoft manager after they wrote expressing concern about
+  the country's pending Free Software in Public Administration bill.  It
+  does an excellent job of allaying concerns about free software often
+  raised by Microsoft and others.  The English translation of the letter is
+  &lt;a 
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20030207075039/http://www.pimientolinux.com/peru2ms/villanueva_to_ms.html"&gt;
+  here&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/2170/2170-h/2170-h.htm#2H_4_0018"&gt;British
+  historian Thomas Macaulay&lt;/a&gt; had ideas about copyright in 1841
+  which still hold true today.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+
+  &lt;li&gt;openrevolt.org was a site devoted to providing information about
+  the European Copyright Directive and similar legislation.  It
+  concentrated on the two principal problems of the EUCD, which make
+  it easier for copyright holders to censor webpages on ISPs and give
+  legal protection to copy-protection measures.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.chillingeffects.org"&gt;Chilling 
Effects&lt;/a&gt; is
+  a collection point for cease and desist notices concerning online
+  activity &mdash; we invite visitors to enter C&amp;Ds they have
+  received or sent.  The website collects the C&amp;Ds in a searchable
+  database and hyperlinks them to explanations of the legal
+  issues.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a
+  
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20020222080928/www.byte.com/documents/s=2302/byt1011380870846/"&gt;
+  Coding is a Crime&lt;/a&gt;, by Shannon Cochran, is a commentary on the 
indictment
+  of Jon Johansen on felony charges for helping write DeCSS.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://law.duke.edu/pd/papers/boyle.pdf"&gt;The Second 
Enclosure Movement
+  and the Construction of the Public Domain&lt;/a&gt;, by James 
Boyle.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://besser.tsoa.nyu.edu/howard/Papers/pw-public-spaces.html"&gt;Intellectual
+  Property: The Attack on Public Space in Cyberspace&lt;/a&gt;, by Howard 
Besser,
+  describes how various industries are using their leverage with copyright
+  to make fewer locations on the Internet less and less public.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=267848#PaperDownload"&gt;Locating
+  Copyright Within the First Amendment Skein&lt;/a&gt;, by Neil W. Netanel,
+  argues that the United States court system has been wrong in its dated
+  assumption that fair use eliminates the conflict between copyright law
+  and the First Amendment.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;Richard Stallman co-signed
+  &lt;a 
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20030803114409/http://perens.com/Articles/StandTogether.html"&gt;a
+joint statement responding to comments by Craig Mundie of Microsoft
+[Archived Page]&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;In &lt;a href="/philosophy/dmarti-patent.html"&gt;Patent Reform
+          Now!&lt;/a&gt;, Don Marti calls for free software supporters to
+          nominate Richard M. Stallman to US Patent and Trademark Office's
+          Patent Public Advisory Committee.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/stophr3028.html"&gt;Stop H.R. 
3028&lt;/a&gt;,
+    &ldquo;The Trademark Cyberpiracy Prevention Act of 1999&rdquo;.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+ &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20010410172314/http://www-personal.si.umich.edu/~beejoo/gnuproject.html"&gt;
+        The GNU Project FTP Site: A Digital Collection Supporting a Social 
Movement [Archived Page]&lt;/a&gt;, by Michelle Bejian.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+ &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20000815064842/http://oppression.nerdherd.org/Stories/1998/9810/ucla/ucla.html"&gt;UCLA
+        discriminates against students using GNU/Linux.  One part of
+        their justification is supporting the power of software
+        owners. [Archived Page]&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
+
+ &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://web.archive.org/web/19991012082619/http://simson.net/clips/98.Globe.05-07.Read_them_and_weep.htm"&gt;Read
+        Them And Weep [Archived Page]&lt;/a&gt;, by Simson Garfinkel, talks 
about the
+        pending bills that would give information owners sweeping new powers,
+        and restrict the activities of users.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/nonsoftware-copyleft.html"&gt;Applying 
Copyleft To
+    Non-Software Information&lt;/a&gt;, by Michael Stutz.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/free-world.html"&gt;Only
+       the Free World Can Stand Up to Microsoft&lt;/a&gt;, by Tom 
Hull.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.ram.org/ramblings/philosophy/fmp.html"&gt;The
+       Free Music Philosophy&lt;/a&gt;, by Ram Samudrala.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;Record companies argue for more copyright power by saying they are
+    the support of the musicians.
+    &lt;a href="http://www.negativland.com/albini.html"&gt;This 
article&lt;/a&gt; shows
+    how record companies really treat musicians.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;!-- the original link was not working, rms suggested i
+       make a temporary link -neel
+       http://www.musicisum.com/manifesto.shtml
+  --&gt;
+
+  &lt;!--
+         
+         05 June 2013: Link Broken. It is not available in web.archive.org
+         because of robots.txt - rsiddharth
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.maui.net/~zen_gtr/zgzinepg4.html"&gt;The 
Manifesto:
+       Piracy is Your Friend&lt;/a&gt;, by Jaron Lanier.
+       &lt;br /&gt;
+       &lt;strong&gt;Note&lt;/strong&gt; that the GNU Project recommends
+       &lt;a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html"&gt;avoiding&lt;/a&gt; the 
term
+       &lt;a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Piracy"&gt;piracy&lt;/a&gt; 
since
+       it implies that sharing copies is somehow illegitimate.&lt;/li&gt;
+  --&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.ram.org/ramblings/philosophy/fmp/copying_primer.html"&gt;A
+       primer on the ethics of &ldquo;Intellectual property&rdquo;&lt;/a&gt;, 
by Ram Samudrala.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/self-interest.html"&gt;Is self-interest 
sufficient to
+       organize a free economy?&lt;/a&gt; by Loyd Fueston.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/kragen-software.html"&gt;People, places, 
things and ideas&lt;/a&gt; by Kragen Sitaker&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://freenation.org/a/f31l1.html"&gt;The Libertarian 
Case
+       Against Intellectual Property Rights&lt;/a&gt; by Roderick T. Long
+       &lt;br /&gt;
+       The Free Software Movement does not endorse Libertarianism, and
+       &lt;a href="/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.html"&gt;we do
+       not agree entirely&lt;/a&gt; with that article.  But it is useful for
+       refuting
+       one specific argument that is made in favor of proprietary 
software.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://old.law.columbia.edu/my_pubs/anarchism.html"&gt;Anarchism
+       Triumphant:
+       Free Software and the Death of Copyright&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130409233705/http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~digger/596/werry_comm.pdf"&gt;Imagined
+  Electronic Community: Representations of Virtual Community in
+  Contemporary Business Discourse&lt;/a&gt; by Chris Werry.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/economics_frank/frank.html"&gt;Does 
Studying
+       Economics Inhibit Cooperation?&lt;/a&gt; by Frank, Gilovich, and 
Regan.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://danny.oz.au/freedom/ip/aidfs.html"&gt;Development,
+       Ethical Trading, and Free Software&lt;/a&gt; by Danny Yee.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/bdk.html"&gt;The Ballad of Dennis 
Karjala&lt;/a&gt;:
+       A political comment in the form of a broadside ballad
+       by Timothy R. Phillips.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/ICT-for-prosperity.html"&gt;Shaping
+       Collaborative ICT Development and Initiatives for Global
+       Prosperity&lt;/a&gt; by Robert J. Chassell.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.fsfla.org/~lxoliva/papers/free-software/selection-html/"&gt;
+       Competitive Advantages of Free Software&lt;/a&gt; by Alexandre 
Oliva.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.advogato.org/article/89.html";
+       id="PatentgrantundertheGPL"&gt;Patent grant under the GPL&lt;/a&gt; by 
Raph Levien.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.nytimes.com/library/tech/00/05/biztech/articles/10digital.html";
+       id="ConceptofCopyrightFightsMarkoff"&gt;The
+       Concept of Copyright Fights for Internet Survival&lt;/a&gt; by John
+       Markoff.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a id="TheRealPurposeOfCopyrightBerry"
+href="http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA158872.html"&gt;The
+       Real Purpose of Copyright&lt;/a&gt; by John N. Berry III.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a id="Copyrightfire" 
href="/philosophy/fire.html"&gt;Copyrighting Fire! (Humor)&lt;/a&gt; by Ian 
Clarke.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.praxagora.com/andyo/professional/infirmation_technology.html"; 
id="INFOTECH"&gt;The Future Brings &ldquo;Infirmation 
Technology&rdquo;&lt;/a&gt; by
+       Andy Oram.&lt;/li&gt;
+&lt;!-- Re: Free Protocols Foundation - it's a maintainance nightmare --&gt;
+&lt;!-- to have full descriptions in more then one place. -len --&gt;
+&lt;!-- RMS requests that this link is put back, 14 Dec 2000, paulv --&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.freeprotocols.org/"&gt;The Free Protocols
+       Foundation&lt;/a&gt; is an independent public forum, dedicated to the
+       support of patent-free protocols.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="/philosophy/software-libre-commercial-viability.html"&gt;Software Libre 
and Commercial Viability&lt;/a&gt; by Alessandro Rubini&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.bmartin.cc/pubs/98il/"&gt;
+       Information liberation&lt;/a&gt; by Brian Martin. We urge people to 
avoid
+       using the term &lt;a 
href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html"&gt;intellectual
+       property&lt;/a&gt; and to instead speak about copyrights, patents, 
and/or
+       trademarks.&lt;/li&gt;
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://wearcam.org/seatsale/index.htm"&gt;Seat 
Sale&lt;/a&gt;, a
+       satire about copyright.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;A &lt;a 
href="http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~dst/DeCSS/Gallery/"&gt;gallery&lt;/a&gt;
+      of examples demonstrating how outrageous and absurd the Digital
+      Millennium Copyright Act is.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=01/03/28/0121209&amp;mode=nocomment"&gt;
+      A book review of &lt;cite&gt;Digital 
Copyright&lt;/cite&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+&lt;!-- The archived version is truncated.
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a
+  
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20080703140137/http://www.itworld.com/LWD010523vcontrol4"&gt;Live
 and
+  let license [archived]&lt;/a&gt; by Joe Barr.&lt;/li&gt;
+--&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.piecepack.org"&gt;Piecepack&lt;/a&gt; is a 
set of
+  boardgame pieces which everyone is free to use in creating or playing
+  various types of games.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;Eastern Gianozia has put together a &lt;a
+  
href="http://www.gianoziaorientale.org/info/foreign_politics.html"&gt;tongue-in-cheek
+  look at Software Patents and DRM&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.linuxjournal.com/article/7813"&gt;Free 
Software and Scouting&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
+
+  &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://fare.tunes.org/articles/patents.html"&gt;Patents Are an Economic 
Absurdity&lt;/a&gt;: This article adopts as a premise the popular view that 
free trade is desirable. We don't always agree &mdash; beyond a certain point, 
free trade gives businesses too much power, allowing them to intimidate 
democracy. But that is a different matter. &lt;/li&gt;&lt;!-- Description text 
by RMS --&gt;
+
+   &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.lewrockwell.com/2000/09/stephan-kinsella/in-defense-of-napster-and-against-the-second-homesteading-rule/"&gt;In
 Defense of Napster and Against the Second Homesteading 
Rule&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/li&gt;
+
+   &lt;li&gt;&lt;a 
href="http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/15_2/15_2_1.pdf"&gt;Against 
Intellectual Property&lt;/a&gt;, Spring 2001, Journal of Libertarian Studies 
(PDF)&lt;/li&gt;
+&lt;!-- Available only against a fee.
+   &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="http://www.lulu.com/dcparris/"&gt;Penguin in the 
Pew&lt;/a&gt;, Free Software from a Christian perspective.&lt;/li&gt;
+--&gt;
+&lt;li&gt;&lt;a
+href="http://web.archive.org/web/20121029031829/http://www.sci.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~sdexter/Pubs/cepe2005.pdf"&gt;
+A Comparative Ethical Assessment of Free Software Licensing Schemes&lt;/a&gt;
+by Samir Chopra and Scott Dexter&lt;/li&gt;
+
+   &lt;li&gt;The &lt;a 
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20131126094524/http://simplemachines.it/index.php/sim-one-project"&gt;SIM.ONE
+       hardware project&lt;/a&gt; has created free (as in freedom)
+       computer design specifications.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+   &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/vaccination.html"&gt;Viral Code and 
Vaccination&lt;/a&gt;, 
+         an article by Robert J. Chassell.&lt;/li&gt;
+
+   &lt;li&gt;&lt;a href="/philosophy/why-audio-format-matters.html"&gt;Why 
Audio
+   Format matters&lt;/a&gt; by Karl Fogel&lt;/li&gt;
+
+   &lt;li&gt;Not available online, but as early as 1960 Bernard Galler wrote a
+   letter to the editor of the Communications of the ACM (vol.3, no.4,
+   pp.A12-A13), saying in part (mentioning price, but clearly implying
+   freedom):
+   &lt;blockquote&gt;
+     &lt;p&gt;
+     &hellip; it is clear that what is being
+     charged for is the development of the program, and
+     while I am particularly unhappy that it comes from a
+     university, I believe it is damaging to the whole
+     profession. There isn't a 704 installation that hasn't
+     directly benefited from the free exchange of programs
+     made possible by the distribution facilities of SHARE.
+     If we start to sell our programs, this will set very
+     undesirable precedents.
+     &lt;/p&gt;
+   &lt;/blockquote&gt;
+   (Thanks to Nelson Beebe for the reference.)&lt;/li&gt;
+&lt;/ul&gt;
+
+&lt;/div&gt;&lt;!-- for id="content", starts in the include above --&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" --&gt;
+&lt;div id="footer"&gt;
+&lt;div class="unprintable"&gt;
+
+&lt;p&gt;Please send general FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to &lt;a
+href="mailto:address@hidden"&gt;&lt;address@hidden&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.  There are 
also &lt;a
+href="/contact/"&gt;other ways to contact&lt;/a&gt; the FSF.  Broken links and 
other
+corrections or suggestions can be sent to &lt;a
+href="mailto:address@hidden"&gt;&lt;address@hidden&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+
+&lt;p&gt;&lt;!-- TRANSLATORS: Ignore the original text in this paragraph,
+        replace it with the translation of these two:
+
+        We work hard and do our best to provide accurate, good quality
+        translations.  However, we are not exempt from imperfection.
+        Please send your comments and general suggestions in this regard
+        to &lt;a href="mailto:address@hidden"&gt;
+        &lt;address@hidden&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+
+        &lt;p&gt;For information on coordinating and submitting translations of
+        our web pages, see &lt;a
+        href="/server/standards/README.translations.html"&gt;Translations
+        README&lt;/a&gt;. --&gt;
+Please see the &lt;a
+href="/server/standards/README.translations.html"&gt;Translations 
README&lt;/a&gt; for
+information on coordinating and submitting translations of this 
article.&lt;/p&gt;
+&lt;/div&gt;
+
+&lt;p&gt;Copyright &copy; 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 
2004, 2005,
+2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2015, 2016, <span 
class="removed"><del><strong>2017</strong></del></span> <span 
class="inserted"><ins><em>2017, 2019</em></ins></span> Free Software 
Foundation, Inc.&lt;/p&gt;
+
+&lt;p&gt;This page is licensed under a &lt;a rel="license"
+href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/"&gt;Creative
+Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International 
License&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/bottom-notes.html" --&gt;
+
+&lt;p class="unprintable"&gt;Updated:
+&lt;!-- timestamp start --&gt;
+$Date: 2019/07/03 10:28:38 $
+&lt;!-- timestamp end --&gt;
+&lt;/p&gt;
+&lt;/div&gt;
+&lt;/div&gt;
+&lt;/body&gt;
+&lt;/html&gt;
+</pre></body></html>



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