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www/philosophy university.ca.html po/university...

From: GNUN
Subject: www/philosophy university.ca.html po/university...
Date: Mon, 03 Mar 2014 19:58:52 +0000

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     GNUN <gnun>     14/03/03 19:58:52

Modified files:
        philosophy     : university.ca.html 
Added files:
        philosophy/po  : university.ca-diff.html 

Log message:
        Automatic update by GNUnited Nations.


Index: university.ca.html
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/university.ca.html,v
retrieving revision 1.32
retrieving revision 1.33
diff -u -b -r1.32 -r1.33
--- university.ca.html  31 Aug 2013 20:12:43 -0000      1.32
+++ university.ca.html  3 Mar 2014 19:58:51 -0000       1.33
@@ -11,6 +11,13 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/university.translist" -->
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.ca.html" -->
+<!--#set var="PO_FILE"
+ value='<a href="http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/po/university.ca.po";>
+ http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/po/university.ca.po</a>' -->
+ <!--#set var="ORIGINAL_FILE" value="/philosophy/university.html" -->
+ <!--#set var="DIFF_FILE" value="/philosophy/po/university.ca-diff.html" -->
+ <!--#set var="OUTDATED_SINCE" value="2014-01-02" -->
+ <!--#include virtual="/server/outdated.ca.html" -->
 <h2>Com publicar programari lliure si treballeu en una universitat</h2>
@@ -188,7 +195,7 @@
  <p><!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2013/08/31 20:12:43 $
+$Date: 2014/03/03 19:58:51 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->

Index: po/university.ca-diff.html
RCS file: po/university.ca-diff.html
diff -N po/university.ca-diff.html
--- /dev/null   1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 -0000
+++ po/university.ca-diff.html  3 Mar 2014 19:58:51 -0000       1.1
@@ -0,0 +1,189 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
+    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd";>
+<!-- Generated by GNUN -->
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"; xml:lang="en" lang="en">
+<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
+<style type="text/css">
+span.removed { background-color: #f22; color: #000; }
+span.inserted { background-color: #2f2; color: #000; }
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" --&gt;
+&lt;!-- Parent-Version: 1.75 --&gt;
+&lt;title&gt;Releasing Free Software If You Work at a University
+- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation&lt;/title&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/university.translist" --&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" --&gt;
+&lt;h2&gt;Releasing Free Software If You Work at a University&lt;/h2&gt;
+In the free software movement, we believe computer users should have
+the freedom to change and redistribute the software that they use.
+The &ldquo;free&rdquo; in &ldquo;free software&rdquo;
+refers to freedom: it means
+users have the freedom to run, modify and redistribute the software.
+Free software contributes to human knowledge, while nonfree software
+does not.  Universities should therefore encourage free software for
+the sake of advancing human knowledge, just as they should encourage
+scientists and other scholars to publish their work.&lt;/p&gt;
+Alas, many university administrators have a grasping attitude towards
+software (and towards science); they see programs as opportunities for
+income, not as opportunities to contribute to human knowledge.  Free
+software developers have been coping with this tendency for almost 20
+When I started developing the &lt;a href="/gnu/thegnuproject.html"&gt;GNU
+operating system&lt;/a&gt;, in 1984, my first step was to quit my job at MIT.
+I did this specifically so that the MIT licensing office would be
+unable to interfere with releasing GNU as free software.  I had
+planned an approach for licensing the programs in GNU that would ensure
+that all modified versions must be free software as well&mdash;an approach
+that developed into the &lt;a href="/licenses/gpl.html"&gt;GNU General
+Public License&lt;/a&gt; (GNU GPL)&mdash;and I did not want to have to beg the
+MIT administration to let me use it.&lt;/p&gt;
+Over the years, university affiliates have often come to the Free
+Software Foundation for advice on how to cope with administrators who
+see software only as something to sell.  One good method, applicable
+even for specifically funded projects, is to base your work on an
+existing program that was released under the GNU GPL.  Then you can
+tell the administrators, &ldquo;We're not allowed to release the
+modified version except under the GNU GPL&mdash;any other way would
+be copyright infringement.&rdquo; After the dollar signs fade from
+their eyes, they will usually consent to releasing it as free
+You can also ask your funding sponsor for help.  When a group at NYU
+developed the GNU Ada Compiler, with funding from the US Air Force,
+the contract explicitly called for donating the resulting code to the
+Free Software Foundation.  Work out the arrangement with the sponsor
+first, then politely show the university administration that it is not
+open to renegotiation.  They would rather have a contract to develop
+free software than no contract at all, so they will most likely go
+Whatever you do, raise the issue early&mdash;well before the
+program is half finished.  At this point, the university still needs
+you, so you can play hardball: tell the administration you will finish
+the program, make it usable, if they agree in writing to make it
+free software (and agree to your choice of free software license).
+Otherwise you will work on it only enough to write a paper about it,
+and never make a version good enough to release.  When the
+administrators know their choice is to have a free software package
+that brings credit to the university or nothing at all, they will
+usually choose the former.&lt;/p&gt;
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>The FSF can sometimes persuade your university 
to accept the GNU
+General Public License, or to accept GPL version 3.  If you can't do
+it alone, please give us the chance to help.  Send mail to
address@hidden, and put &ldquo;urgent&rdquo; in the Subject
+Not all universities have grasping policies.  The University of Texas
+has a policy that makes it easy to release software developed there as
+free software under the GNU General Public License.  Univates in
+Brazil, and the International Institute of Information Technology in
+Hyderabad, India, both have policies in favor of releasing software
+under the GPL.  By developing faculty support first, you may be able
+to institute such a policy at your university.  Present the issue as
+one of principle: does the university have a mission to advance human
+knowledge, or is its sole purpose to perpetuate itself?&lt;/p&gt;
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>Whatever approach you 
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>In persuading the 
university,</em></ins></span> it helps to approach the issue with
+determination and based on an ethical perspective, as we do in the
+free software movement.  To treat the public ethically, the software
+should be free&mdash;as in freedom&mdash;for the whole public.&lt;/p&gt;
+Many developers of free software profess narrowly practical reasons
+for doing so: they advocate allowing others to share and change
+software as an expedient for making software powerful and reliable.
+If those values motivate you to develop free software, well and good,
+and thank you for your contribution.  But those values do not give you
+a good footing to stand firm when university administrators pressure
+or tempt you to make the program nonfree.&lt;/p&gt;
+For instance, they may argue that &ldquo;We could make it even more
+powerful and reliable with all the money we can get.&rdquo; This claim
+may or may not come true in the end, but it is hard to disprove in
+advance.  They may suggest a license to offer copies &ldquo;free of
+charge, for academic use only,&rdquo; which would tell the general
+public they don't deserve freedom, and argue that this will obtain the
+cooperation of academia, which is all (they say) you need.&lt;/p&gt;
+If you start from values of convenience alone, it is hard to make a
+good case for rejecting these dead-end proposals, but you can do it
+easily if you base your stand on ethical and political values.  What
+good is it to make a program powerful and reliable at the expense of
+users' freedom?  Shouldn't freedom apply outside academia as well as
+within it?  The answers are obvious if freedom and community are among
+your goals.  Free software respects the users' freedom, while nonfree
+software negates it.&lt;/p&gt;
+Nothing strengthens your resolve like knowing that the community's
+freedom depends, in one instance, on you.&lt;/p&gt;
+&lt;hr /&gt;
+&lt;h4&gt;This essay is published
+in &lt;a 
+Software, Free Society: The Selected Essays of Richard
+M. Stallman&lt;/cite&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/h4&gt;
+&lt;/div&gt;&lt;!-- for id="content", starts in the include above --&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" --&gt;
+&lt;div id="footer"&gt;
+&lt;p&gt;Please send general FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to &lt;a
+href="mailto:address@hidden"&gt;&lt;address@hidden&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.  There are 
also &lt;a
+href="/contact/"&gt;other ways to contact&lt;/a&gt; the FSF.  Broken links and 
+corrections or suggestions can be sent to &lt;a
+&lt;p&gt;&lt;!-- TRANSLATORS: Ignore the original text in this paragraph,
+        replace it with the translation of these two:
+        We work hard and do our best to provide accurate, good quality
+        translations.  However, we are not exempt from imperfection.
+        Please send your comments and general suggestions in this regard
+        to &lt;a href="mailto:address@hidden"&gt;
+        &lt;address@hidden&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+        &lt;p&gt;For information on coordinating and submitting translations of
+        our web pages, see &lt;a
+        href="/server/standards/README.translations.html"&gt;Translations
+        README&lt;/a&gt;. --&gt;
+Please see the &lt;a
README&lt;/a&gt; for
+information on coordinating and submitting translations of this 
+&lt;p&gt;Copyright &copy; 2002 Richard Stallman&lt;/p&gt;
+&lt;p&gt;This page is licensed under a &lt;a rel="license"
+Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/bottom-notes.html" --&gt;
+&lt;!-- timestamp start --&gt;
+$Date: 2014/03/03 19:58:51 $
+&lt;!-- timestamp end --&gt;

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