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www/philosophy patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.h...

From: GNUN
Subject: www/philosophy patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.h...
Date: Fri, 12 Jul 2013 20:58:38 +0000

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     GNUN <gnun>     13/07/12 20:58:38

Modified files:
        philosophy     : patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.html 
Added files:
        philosophy/po  : patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca-diff.html 

Log message:
        Automatic update by GNUnited Nations.


Index: patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.html
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.html,v
retrieving revision 1.23
retrieving revision 1.24
diff -u -b -r1.23 -r1.24
--- patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.html 28 Feb 2013 19:11:51 -0000      1.23
+++ patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.html 12 Jul 2013 20:58:35 -0000      1.24
@@ -9,6 +9,13 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.translist" -->
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.ca.html" -->
+<!--#set var="PO_FILE"
+ value='<a 
+ http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca.po</a>' -->
+ <!--#set var="ORIGINAL_FILE" 
value="/philosophy/patent-reform-is-not-enough.html" -->
+ <!--#set var="DIFF_FILE" 
value="/philosophy/po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca-diff.html" -->
+ <!--#set var="OUTDATED_SINCE" value="2013-05-13" -->
+ <!--#include virtual="/server/outdated.ca.html" -->
 <h2>La reforma de les patents no és suficient</h2>
@@ -157,7 +164,7 @@
  <p><!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2013/02/28 19:11:51 $
+$Date: 2013/07/12 20:58:35 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->

Index: po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca-diff.html
RCS file: po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca-diff.html
diff -N po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca-diff.html
--- /dev/null   1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 -0000
+++ po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.ca-diff.html 12 Jul 2013 20:58:36 -0000      
@@ -0,0 +1,184 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
+    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd";>
+<!-- Generated by GNUN -->
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"; xml:lang="en" lang="en">
+<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
+<style type="text/css">
+span.removed { background-color: #f22; color: #000; }
+span.inserted { background-color: #2f2; color: #000; }
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" --&gt;
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>&lt;!-- Parent-Version: 1.75 
+&lt;title&gt;Patent Reform Is Not Enough - GNU Project - Free Software <span 
(FSF)&lt;/title&gt;</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/philosophy/po/patent-reform-is-not-enough.translist" 
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" --&gt;
+&lt;h2&gt;Patent Reform Is Not Enough&lt;/h2&gt;
+When people first learn about the problem of software patents, their
+attention is often drawn to the egregious examples: patents that cover
+techniques already widely known.  These techniques include sorting a
+collection of formulae so that no variable is used before it is
+calculated (called &ldquo;natural order recalculation&rdquo; in
+spreadsheets), and the use of exclusive-or to modify the contents of a
+bit-map display.&lt;/p&gt;
+Focusing on these examples can lead some people to ignore the rest of
+the problem.  They are attracted to the position that the patent
+system is basically correct and needs only &ldquo;reforms&rdquo; to
+carry out its own rules properly.&lt;/p&gt;
+But would correct implementation really solve the problem of software
+patents?  Let's consider an example.&lt;/p&gt;
+In the early 90s we desperately needed a new free program for
+compression, because the old de-facto standard &ldquo;compress&rdquo;
+program had been taken away from us by patents.  In April 1991,
+software developer Ross Williams began publishing a series of data
+compression programs using new algorithms of his own devising.  Their
+superior speed and compression quality soon attracted users.&lt;/p&gt;
+That September, when the FSF was about a week away from releasing one
+of them as the new choice for compressing our distribution files, use
+of these programs in the United States was halted by a newly issued
+patent, number 5,049,881.&lt;/p&gt;
+Under the patent system's rules, whether the public is allowed to use
+these programs (i.e., whether the patent is invalid) depends on
+whether there is &ldquo;prior art&rdquo;: whether the basic idea was
+published before the patent application, which was on June 18, 1990.
+Williams' publication in April 1991 came after that date, so it does
+not count.&lt;/p&gt;
+A student described a similar algorithm in 1988-1989 in a class paper
+at the University of San Francisco, but the paper was not published.
+So it does not count as prior art under the current rules.&lt;/p&gt;
+Reforms to make the patent system work &ldquo;properly&rdquo; would
+not have prevented this problem.  Under the rules of the patent
+system, this patent seems valid.  There was no prior art for it.  It
+is not close to obvious, as the patent system interprets the term.
+(Like most patents, it is neither worldshaking nor trivial, but
+somewhere in between.)  The fault is in the rules themselves, not
+their execution.&lt;/p&gt;
+In the US legal system, patents are intended as a bargain between
+society and individuals; society is supposed to gain through the
+disclosure of techniques that would otherwise never be available.  It
+is clear that society has gained nothing by issuing patent number
+5,049,881.  This technique was going to be available anyway.  It was
+easy enough to find that several people did so at around the same
+Under current rules, our ability to use Williams's programs depends on
+whether anyone happened to publish the same idea before June 18, 1990.
+That is to say, it depends on luck.  This system is good for promoting
+the practice of law, but not progress in software.&lt;/p&gt;
+Teaching the Patent Office to look at more of the existing prior art
+might prevent some outrageous mistakes.  It will not cure the greater
+problem, which is the patenting of every &lt;em&gt;new&lt;/em&gt; wrinkle in 
the use
+of computers, like the one that Williams and others independently
+This will turn software into a quagmire.  Even an innovative program
+typically uses dozens of not-quite-new techniques and features, each
+of which might have been patented.  Our ability to use each wrinkle
+will depend on luck, and if we are unlucky half the time, few programs
+will escape infringing a large number of patents.  Navigating the maze
+of patents will be harder than writing software.  As &lt;cite&gt;The
+Economist&lt;/cite&gt; says, software patents are simply bad for 
+&lt;h3&gt;What you can do to help&lt;/h3&gt;
+There is a massive effort in Europe to stop software patents.  Please
+support &lt;a href="http://stopsoftwarepatents.eu/"&gt;this
+petition&lt;/a&gt; for a Europe free of software patents, and see &lt;a
+href="http://www.ffii.org"&gt; the FFII web site&lt;/a&gt; for full details of
+how you can help.&lt;/p&gt;
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>&lt;/div&gt;</strong></del></span>
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>&lt;/div&gt;&lt;!-- for id="content", starts 
in the include above --&gt;</em></ins></span>
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" --&gt;
+&lt;div id="footer"&gt;
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>&lt;p&gt;
+<span class="inserted"><ins><em>&lt;p&gt;Please</em></ins></span> send <span 
class="inserted"><ins><em>general</em></ins></span> FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to
+&lt;a <span 
+There are also &lt;a href="/contact/"&gt;other ways to contact&lt;/a&gt;
+the FSF.
+<span class="removed"><del><strong>&lt;br /&gt;
+Please send broken</strong></del></span>  <span 
class="inserted"><ins><em>Broken</em></ins></span> links and other corrections 
or suggestions <span class="inserted"><ins><em>can be sent</em></ins></span>
+to &lt;a <span 
+&lt;p&gt;</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;p&gt;&lt;!-- TRANSLATORS: Ignore the original text in this paragraph,
+        replace it with the translation of these two:
+        We work hard and do our best to provide accurate, good quality
+        translations.  However, we are not exempt from imperfection.
+        Please send your comments and general suggestions in this regard
+        to &lt;a href="mailto:address@hidden"&gt;
+        &lt;address@hidden&gt;&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;
+        &lt;p&gt;For information on coordinating and submitting translations of
+        our web pages, see &lt;a
+        href="/server/standards/README.translations.html"&gt;Translations
+        README&lt;/a&gt;. --&gt;</em></ins></span>
+Please see the &lt;a
+README&lt;/a&gt; for information on coordinating and submitting translations
+of this <span class="removed"><del><strong>article.
+Copyright</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;p&gt;Copyright</em></ins></span> &copy; 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2008 Free 
+Foundation, <span class="removed"><del><strong>Inc.,
+&lt;address&gt;51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110, 
+This</strong></del></span> <span class="inserted"><ins><em>Inc.&lt;/p&gt;
+&lt;p&gt;This</em></ins></span> page is licensed under a &lt;a rel="license"
+Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States <span 
+&lt;/p&gt;</strong></del></span> <span 
+&lt;!--#include virtual="/server/bottom-notes.html" --&gt;
+&lt;!-- timestamp start --&gt;
+$Date: 2013/07/12 20:58:36 $
+&lt;!-- timestamp end --&gt;

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