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From: GNUN
Subject: www/philosophy words-to-avoid.it.html po/words-...
Date: Sat, 20 Oct 2012 00:28:26 +0000

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     GNUN <gnun>     12/10/20 00:28:25

Modified files:
        philosophy     : words-to-avoid.it.html 
        philosophy/po  : words-to-avoid.it-en.html words-to-avoid.it.po 

Log message:
        Automatic update by GNUnited Nations.

CVSWeb URLs:
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/words-to-avoid.it.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.24&r2=1.25
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/po/words-to-avoid.it-en.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.19&r2=1.20
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/po/words-to-avoid.it.po?cvsroot=www&r1=1.39&r2=1.40

Patches:
Index: words-to-avoid.it.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/words-to-avoid.it.html,v
retrieving revision 1.24
retrieving revision 1.25
diff -u -b -r1.24 -r1.25
--- words-to-avoid.it.html      5 Oct 2012 00:28:58 -0000       1.24
+++ words-to-avoid.it.html      20 Oct 2012 00:28:24 -0000      1.25
@@ -184,9 +184,11 @@
 
 <h4 id="Consume">&ldquo;Consumare&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
-Non si deve parlare di "consumare" informazione digitale, musica o software,
-dato che utilizzarli non significa consumarli, come spiegato alla voce
-seguente.</p>
+"Consumare" è un verbo che richiama il cibo: lo ingeriamo e, appunto, lo
+consumiamo. Per analogia, usiamo la stessa parola in altri contesti. Ma non
+è corretto utilizzarla quando si parla di "consumare" informazione digitale,
+musica o software, perché in quesi casi l'utilizzo non implica il
+"consumo". Si veda anche il paragrafo seguente.</p>
 
 <h4 id="Consumer">&ldquo;Consumatore&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
@@ -202,13 +204,13 @@
 passivamente su ciò che altri rendono disponibile per loro.</p>
 <p>
 Questo tipo di mentalità porta a farse come il CBDTPA  "Consumer Broadband
-and Digital Television Promotion Act" che  richiederebbe dispositivi di
-restrizione sulla copia in  ogni dispositivo digitale. Se ciò che gli utenti
-fanno è  "consumare", allora perché dovrebbero preoccuparsi?</p>
+and Digital Television Promotion Act" che  proponeva di richiedere
+dispositivi di restrizione sulla copia in  ogni dispositivo digitale. Se ciò
+che gli utenti fanno è  "consumare", allora perché dovrebbero 
preoccuparsi?</p>
 <p>
 Il limitato punto di vista economico che considera gli utenti  come
 "consumatori" tende ad andare di pari passo con l'idea che  le opere
-pubblicate siano "contenuto".</p>
+pubblicate siano<a href="#content">&ldquo;contenuto.&rdquo;</a>.</p>
 <p>
 Per descrivere chi non si limita ad un consumo passivo con il  proprio
 computer, suggeriamo termini come "individui" e  "cittadini".</p>
@@ -263,16 +265,19 @@
 gente comune, onde giustificare un  maggior potere del copyright che gli
 editori possono esercitare a  nome degli stessi autori. Noi invece
 consigliamo di dire  "autori". Tuttavia, in molti casi "detentore del
-copyright" è ciò  che si intende.</p>
+copyright" è ciò  che si intende. Questi sue termini non sono equivalenti: è
+piuttosto comune che il detentore del copyright non sia l'autore.</p>
 
 
 <h4 id="DigitalGoods">&ldquo;Beni digitali (Digital Goods)&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
 Il termine &ldquo;beni digitali&rdquo; usato in riferimento a copie di opere
 di ingegno li paragona ai beni fisici, che non si possono copiare e che
-quindi vanno prodotti e venduti. Questa metafora incoraggia a giudicare
-questioni riguardanti il software o altre opere digitali secondo i punti di
-vista che ciascuno ha sui beni fisici.</p>
+quindi vanno prodotti in quantità e venduti. Questa metafora incoraggia a
+giudicare questioni riguardanti il software o altre opere digitali secondo i
+punti di vista che ciascuno ha sui beni fisici. Tra l'altro, inquadra il
+problema in termini economici, che sono troppo poco approfonditi e limitati
+per cogliere i valori della libertà e della comunità.</p>
 
 
 <h4 id="DigitalLocks">&ldquo;Lucchetti digitali (Digital Locks)&rdquo;</h4>
@@ -291,12 +296,12 @@
 meglio parlare di &ldquo;manette digitali&rdquo; anziché di &ldquo;lucchetti
 digitali&rdquo;.</p>
 <p>
-Varie campagne hanno scelto di usare l'infelice termine &ldquo;lucchetti
-digitali&rdquo;; quindi, per correggere l'errore, dobbiamo respingere questo
-termine. A volte daremo supporto a campagne contro i &ldquo;lucchetti
-digitali&rdquo;, se siamo sostanzialmente d'accordo con la causa; ma quando
-capiterà faremo comunque presente che noi preferiamo il termine
-&ldquo;manette digitali&rdquo; in modo che altri ne possano prendere 
spunto.</p>
+Varie campagne di opposizione hanno scelto di usare l'infelice termine
+&ldquo;lucchetti digitali&rdquo;; per correggere l'imprecisione, dobbiamo
+evitare di seguirli nella scelta di questo termine. Potremo dare supporto a
+campagne contro i &ldquo;lucchetti digitali&rdquo;, se siamo sostanzialmente
+d'accordo con la causa; ma quando capiterà sostituiremo il termine con
+&ldquo;manette digitali&rdquo;, spiegandone le ragioni.</p>
 
 
 <h4 id="DigitalRightsManagement">&ldquo;Digital Rights Management (Gestione 
digitale dei diritti)&rdquo;</h4>
@@ -314,26 +319,27 @@
 
 <h4 id="Ecosystem">&ldquo;Ecosistema&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
-&Egrave; errato definire una qualsiasi comunità umana, come la comunità del
-software libero, come "ecosistema", perché quella parola implica l'assenza
-di senso etico.</p>
+&Egrave; sconsigliabile definire una qualsiasi comunità umana, come la
+comunità del software libero, come "ecosistema", perché quella parola
+implica l'assenza di senso etico.</p>
 
 <p>
 Il termine &ldquo;ecosystem&rdquo; infatti suggerisce implicitamente un
 atteggiamento di osservazione neutrale: non ci si chiede cosa
-<em>dovrebbe</em> accadere, ma semplicemente si studia e si spiega quello
+<em>dovrebbe</em> accadere, ma semplicemente si studia e si comprende quello
 che <em>accade</em>.  In un ecosistema, alcuni organismi consumano altri
-organismi. Non ci chiediamo se sia corretto che un gufo mangi un topo o che
-un topo mangi un vegetale, ci limitiamo ad osservare che questo accade. La
-popolazione delle specie aumenta o diminuisce a seconda delle condizioni; e
-questo non è giusto né sbagliato, è un fenomeno ecologico.</p>
+organismi. In ambito ecologico, non ci chiediamo se sia corretto che un gufo
+mangi un topo o che un topo mangi un seme, ci limitiamo ad osservare che
+questo accade. La popolazione delle specie aumenta o diminuisce a seconda
+delle condizioni; e questo non è giusto né sbagliato, è un fenomeno
+ecologico, anche se comporta l'estinzione di una specie.</p>
 
 <p>
 Al contrario, esseri che adottano un punto di vista etico verso il loro
 ambiente possono decidere di preservare oggetti e valori che, abbandonati,
 svanirebbero: la società civile, la democrazia, i diritti umani, la pace, la
-salute pubblica, l'aria e l'acqua pulite, le specie in pericolo, le arti
-tradizionali... e la libertà degli utenti di computer.
+salute pubblica, un clima stabile, l'aria e l'acqua pulite, le specie in
+pericolo, le arti tradizionali... e la libertà degli utenti di computer.
 </p>
 
 
@@ -657,23 +663,21 @@
 <h4 id="Theft">&ldquo;Furto&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
 I sostenitori del copyright spesso usano termini quali  "rubato" e "furto"
-per descrivere, in metafora, le infrazioni al copyright.  Allo stesso tempo
-costoro ci chiedono di considerare il sistema  giudiziario come un'autorità
-in campo etico: se copiare è  vietato, allora dev'essere qualcosa di male.</p>
-<p>
-Perciò è pertinente ricordare che il sistema giuridico -  almeno negli USA -
-nega il concetto secondo cui l'infrazione al  diritto d'autore sia un
-"furto". I sostenitori del copyright si  appellano a un'autorità... e
-presentano in maniera sbagliata  quanto sostiene tale autorità.</p>
-<p>
-L'idea secondo cui siano le leggi a stabilire ciò che è giusto  o sbagliato
-in generale è errata. Nel migliore dei casi, queste  norme rappresentano il
-tentativo di ottenere giustizia: sostenere  che siano le leggi a definire la
-giustizia o il comportamento  etico equivale a ribaltare completamente le
-cose.</p>
+per descrivere le infrazioni al copyright.  Questa è un'esagerazione, ma
+costoro vorrebbero che questa venisse considerata una verità oggettiva.</p>
 <p>
-Ma finché il nome di un reato è usato come metafora per qualcos'altro, la
-specifica legge non è per nulla attinente.</p>
+Il sistema giuridico - almeno negli USA - non considera l'infrazione al
+diritto d'autore un "furto". Le leggi sui furti non si applicano alle
+infrazioni al diritto d'autore. I sostenitori del copyright si  appellano a
+un'autorità... e presentano in maniera sbagliata  quanto sostiene tale
+autorità.</p>
+<p>
+La copia non autorizzata è proibita dalla legge sul copyright in molte
+circostanze (non tutte!), ma il fatto che sia proibita non la rende
+automaticamente sbagliata. In generale, le leggi non definiscono cose giuste
+e sbagliate, ma semplicemente applicano la giustizia. Se le leggi
+(l'applicazione) non rispettano le nostre idee di giusto e sbagliato (la
+specifica), allora le leggi dovrebbero essere cambiate.</p>
 
 <h4 id="TrustedComputing">&ldquo;Trusted Computing (informatica 
fidata)&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
@@ -758,7 +762,7 @@
 <!-- timestamp start -->
 Ultimo aggiornamento:
 
-$Date: 2012/10/05 00:28:58 $
+$Date: 2012/10/20 00:28:24 $
 
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>

Index: po/words-to-avoid.it-en.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/po/words-to-avoid.it-en.html,v
retrieving revision 1.19
retrieving revision 1.20
diff -u -b -r1.19 -r1.20
--- po/words-to-avoid.it-en.html        5 Oct 2012 00:28:58 -0000       1.19
+++ po/words-to-avoid.it-en.html        20 Oct 2012 00:28:25 -0000      1.20
@@ -225,13 +225,16 @@
 
 <h4 id="Consume">&ldquo;Consume&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
-It is erroneous to speak of "consuming" digital information, music,
-software, etc., since using them does not consume them.  See the
-following entry,</p>
+"Consume" refers to what we do with food: we ingest it, and use it in
+a way that uses it up.  By analogy, we emply the same word to describe
+using other things in a way that uses them up.  However, it is
+erroneous to speak of "consuming" digital information, music,
+software, etc., since using them does not consume them.  See also the
+following entry.</p>
 
 <h4 id="Consumer">&ldquo;Consumer&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
-The term &ldquo;consumer,&rdquo; when used to refer to computer users,
+The term &ldquo;consumer,&rdquo; when used to refer to the users of computing,
 is loaded with assumptions we should reject.  Playing a digital
 recording, or running a program, does not consume it.</p>
 <p>
@@ -243,15 +246,15 @@
 presumes a narrow role for them: it regards them as sheep that
 passively graze on what others make available to them.</p>
 <p>
-This kind of thinking leads to travesties like the CBDTPA
-&ldquo;Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act&rdquo;
-which would require copying restriction facilities in every digital
+This kind of thinking leads to travesties such as the CBDTPA 
+(&ldquo;Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act&rdquo;)
+which proposed to require copying restriction facilities in every digital
 device.  If all the users do is &ldquo;consume,&rdquo; then why should
 they mind?</p>
 <p>
 The shallow economic conception of users as &ldquo;consumers&rdquo; tends
 to go hand in hand with the idea that published works are mere
-&ldquo;content.&rdquo;</p>
+<a href="#content">&ldquo;content.&rdquo;</a></p>
 <p>
 To describe people who are not limited to passive use of works, we
 suggest terms such as &ldquo;individuals&rdquo; and
@@ -300,20 +303,22 @@
 compares them to a deity (&ldquo;the creator&rdquo;).  The term is
 used by publishers to elevate authors' moral standing above that of
 ordinary people in order to justify giving them increased copyright
-power, which the publishers can then exercise in their name.
-We recommend saying &ldquo;author&rdquo; instead.  However,
-in many cases &ldquo;copyright holder&rdquo; is what you really
-mean.</p>
+power, which the publishers can then exercise in their name.  We
+recommend saying &ldquo;author&rdquo; instead.  However, in many cases
+&ldquo;copyright holder&rdquo; is what you really mean.  These two
+terms are not equivalent: often the copyright holder is not the
+author.</p>
 
 
 <h4 id="DigitalGoods">&ldquo;Digital Goods&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
 The term &ldquo;digital goods,&rdquo; as applied to copies of works of
 authorship, identifies them with physical goods&mdash;which cannot be
-copied, and which therefore have to be manufactured and sold.  This
-metaphor encourages people to judge issues about software or other
-digital works based on their views and intuitions about physical
-goods.</p>
+copied, and which therefore have to be manufactured in quantity and
+sold.  This metaphor encourages people to judge issues about software
+or other digital works based on their views and intuitions about
+physical goods.  It also frames issues in terms of economics, whose
+shallow and limited values don't include freedom and community.</p>
 
 
 <h4 id="DigitalLocks">&ldquo;Digital Locks&rdquo;</h4>
@@ -328,16 +333,16 @@
 open and close them.</p>
 <p>
 DRM is like a lock placed on you by someone else, who refuses to
-give you the key &mdash; in other words, like handcuffs.  Therefore,
+give you the key&mdash;in other words, like handcuffs.  Therefore,
 we call them &ldquo;digital handcuffs&rdquo;, not &ldquo;digital
 locks&rdquo;.</p>
 <p>
-A number of campaigns have chosen the unwise term &ldquo;digital
-locks&rdquo;; therefore, to correct the mistake, we must firmly reject
-the term.  We sometimes support a campaign that criticizes
-&ldquo;digital locks&rdquo;, if we agree with the substance; but when
-we do, we state our rejection of that term, and conspicuously say
-&ldquo;digital handcuffs&rdquo; so as to set a better example.</p>
+A number of opposition campaigns have chosen the unwise term
+&ldquo;digital locks&rdquo;; to get things back on the right track, we
+must firmly decline to follow them in using that term.  We can support
+a campaign that opposes &ldquo;digital locks&rdquo; if we agree on the
+substance; however, when we state our support, we conspicuously
+replace the term with &ldquo;digital handcuffs&rdquo; and say why.</p>
 
 
 <h4 id="DigitalRightsManagement">&ldquo;Digital Rights Management&rdquo;</h4>
@@ -355,26 +360,28 @@
 
 <h4 id="Ecosystem">&ldquo;Ecosystem&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
-It is a mistake to describe the free software community, or any human
+It is inadvisable to describe the free software community, or any human
 community, as an &ldquo;ecosystem,&rdquo; because that word implies
 the absence of ethical judgment.</p>
 
 <p>
 The term &ldquo;ecosystem&rdquo; implicitly suggests an attitude of
 nonjudgmental observation: don't ask how what <em>should</em> happen,
-just study and explain what <em>does</em> happen.  In an ecosystem,
-some organisms consume other organisms.  We do not ask whether it is
-fair for an owl to eat a mouse or for a mouse to eat a plant, we only
-observe that they do so.  Species' populations grow or shrink
-according to the conditions; this is neither right nor wrong, merely
-an ecological phenomenon.</p>
+just study and understand what <em>does</em> happen.  In an ecosystem,
+some organisms consume other organisms.  In ecology, we do not ask
+whether it is right for an owl to eat a mouse or for a mouse to eat a
+seed, we only observe that they do so.  Species' populations grow or
+shrink according to the conditions; this is neither right nor wrong,
+merely an ecological phenomenon, even if it goes so far as the
+extinction of a species.</p>
 
 <p>
 By contrast, beings that adopt an ethical stance towards their
-surroundings can decide to preserve things that, on their own, might
-vanish&mdash;such as civil society, democracy, human rights, peace,
-public health, clean air and water, endangered species, traditional
-arts&hellip;and computer users' freedom.
+surroundings can decide to preserve things that, without their
+intervention, might vanish&mdash;such as civil society, democracy,
+human rights, peace, public health, a stable climate, clean air and
+water, endangered species, traditional arts&hellip;and computer users'
+freedom.
 </p>
 
 
@@ -708,22 +715,20 @@
 <h4 id="Theft">&ldquo;Theft&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
 Copyright apologists often use words like &ldquo;stolen&rdquo; and
-&ldquo;theft&rdquo; as a metaphor for copyright infringement.  At the same
-time, they ask us to treat the legal system as an authority on ethics:
-if copying is forbidden, it must be wrong.</p>
-<p>
-So it is pertinent to mention that the legal system&mdash;at least in
-the US&mdash;rejects the idea that copyright infringement is
-&ldquo;theft.&rdquo; Copyright apologists are making an appeal to
-authority&hellip;and misrepresenting what authority says.</p>
-<p>
-The idea that laws decide what is right or wrong is mistaken in
-general.  Laws are, at their best, an attempt to achieve justice; to
-say that laws define justice or ethical conduct is turning things
-upside down.</p>
+&ldquo;theft&rdquo; to refer to copyright infringement.  This is spin,
+but they would like you to take it for objective truth.</p>
 <p>
-Meanwhile, when the name of a legal offense is used as a metaphor
-for something else, that particular law is not relevant at all.</p>
+Under the US legal system, copyright infringement is not theft.  Laws
+about theft are not applicable to copyright infringement.  The
+copyright apologists are making an appeal to authority&mdash;and
+misrepresenting what authority says.</p>
+<p>
+Unauthorized copying is forbidden by copyright law in many
+circumstances (not all!), but being forbidden doesn't make it wrong.
+In general, laws don't define right and wrong.  Laws, at their best,
+attempt to implement justice.  If the laws (the implementation) don't
+fit our ideas of right and wrong (the spec), the laws are what should
+change.</p>
 
 <h4 id="TrustedComputing">&ldquo;Trusted Computing&rdquo;</h4>
 <p>
@@ -790,7 +795,7 @@
 <p>
 Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2012/10/05 00:28:58 $
+$Date: 2012/10/20 00:28:25 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>

Index: po/words-to-avoid.it.po
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/po/words-to-avoid.it.po,v
retrieving revision 1.39
retrieving revision 1.40
diff -u -b -r1.39 -r1.40
--- po/words-to-avoid.it.po     19 Oct 2012 22:14:42 -0000      1.39
+++ po/words-to-avoid.it.po     20 Oct 2012 00:28:25 -0000      1.40
@@ -16,7 +16,6 @@
 "MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
 "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
 "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
-"Outdated-Since: 2012-10-18 12:25-0300\n"
 
 #. type: Content of: <title>
 msgid ""
@@ -382,14 +381,7 @@
 msgid "&ldquo;Consumer&rdquo;"
 msgstr "&ldquo;Consumatore&rdquo;"
 
-# | The term &ldquo;consumer,&rdquo; when used to refer to [-computer users,-]
-# | {+the users of computing,+} is loaded with assumptions we should reject.
-# | Playing a digital recording, or running a program, does not consume it.
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "The term &ldquo;consumer,&rdquo; when used to refer to computer users, is "
-#| "loaded with assumptions we should reject.  Playing a digital recording, "
-#| "or running a program, does not consume it."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "The term &ldquo;consumer,&rdquo; when used to refer to the users of "
 "computing, is loaded with assumptions we should reject.  Playing a digital "
@@ -418,17 +410,7 @@
 "ruolo limitato per loro: li tratta come un gregge di pecore che pascolano "
 "passivamente su ciò che altri rendono disponibile per loro."
 
-# | This kind of thinking leads to travesties [-like-] {+such as+} the CBDTPA
-# | {+(+}&ldquo;Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion
-# | Act&rdquo;{+)+}  which [-would-] {+proposed to+} require copying
-# | restriction facilities in every digital device.  If all the users do is
-# | &ldquo;consume,&rdquo; then why should they mind?
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "This kind of thinking leads to travesties like the CBDTPA &ldquo;Consumer "
-#| "Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act&rdquo; which would require "
-#| "copying restriction facilities in every digital device.  If all the users "
-#| "do is &ldquo;consume,&rdquo; then why should they mind?"
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "This kind of thinking leads to travesties such as the CBDTPA (&ldquo;"
 "Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act&rdquo;)  which "
@@ -440,15 +422,7 @@
 "dispositivi di restrizione sulla copia in  ogni dispositivo digitale. Se ciò 
"
 "che gli utenti fanno è  \"consumare\", allora perché dovrebbero 
preoccuparsi?"
 
-# | The shallow economic conception of users as &ldquo;consumers&rdquo; tends
-# | to go hand in hand with the idea that published works are mere
-# | [-&ldquo;content.&rdquo;-] {+<a
-# | href=\"#content\">&ldquo;content.&rdquo;</a>+}
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "The shallow economic conception of users as &ldquo;consumers&rdquo; tends "
-#| "to go hand in hand with the idea that published works are mere &ldquo;"
-#| "content.&rdquo;"
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "The shallow economic conception of users as &ldquo;consumers&rdquo; tends to "
 "go hand in hand with the idea that published works are mere <a href="
@@ -551,23 +525,7 @@
 msgid "&ldquo;Creator&rdquo;"
 msgstr "&ldquo;Creatore&rdquo;"
 
-# | The term &ldquo;creator&rdquo; as applied to authors implicitly compares
-# | them to a deity (&ldquo;the creator&rdquo;).  The term is used by
-# | publishers to elevate authors' moral standing above that of ordinary
-# | people in order to justify giving them increased copyright power, which
-# | the publishers can then exercise in their name.  We recommend saying
-# | &ldquo;author&rdquo; instead.  However, in many cases &ldquo;copyright
-# | holder&rdquo; is what you really mean.  {+These two terms are not
-# | equivalent: often the copyright holder is not the author.+}
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "The term &ldquo;creator&rdquo; as applied to authors implicitly compares "
-#| "them to a deity (&ldquo;the creator&rdquo;).  The term is used by "
-#| "publishers to elevate authors' moral standing above that of ordinary "
-#| "people in order to justify giving them increased copyright power, which "
-#| "the publishers can then exercise in their name.  We recommend saying "
-#| "&ldquo;author&rdquo; instead.  However, in many cases &ldquo;copyright "
-#| "holder&rdquo; is what you really mean."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "The term &ldquo;creator&rdquo; as applied to authors implicitly compares "
 "them to a deity (&ldquo;the creator&rdquo;).  The term is used by publishers "
@@ -591,20 +549,7 @@
 msgid "&ldquo;Digital Goods&rdquo;"
 msgstr "&ldquo;Beni digitali (Digital Goods)&rdquo;"
 
-# | The term &ldquo;digital goods,&rdquo; as applied to copies of works of
-# | authorship, identifies them with physical goods&mdash;which cannot be
-# | copied, and which therefore have to be manufactured {+in quantity+} and
-# | sold.  This metaphor encourages people to judge issues about software or
-# | other digital works based on their views and intuitions about physical
-# | goods.  {+It also frames issues in terms of economics, whose shallow and
-# | limited values don't include freedom and community.+}
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "The term &ldquo;digital goods,&rdquo; as applied to copies of works of "
-#| "authorship, identifies them with physical goods&mdash;which cannot be "
-#| "copied, and which therefore have to be manufactured and sold.  This "
-#| "metaphor encourages people to judge issues about software or other "
-#| "digital works based on their views and intuitions about physical goods."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "The term &ldquo;digital goods,&rdquo; as applied to copies of works of "
 "authorship, identifies them with physical goods&mdash;which cannot be "
@@ -647,15 +592,7 @@
 "utili o inutili, certamente non sono opprimenti: li possiamo aprire e "
 "chiudere."
 
-# | DRM is like a lock placed on you by someone else, who refuses to give you
-# | the [-key &mdash; in-] {+key&mdash;in+} other words, like handcuffs.
-# | Therefore, we call them &ldquo;digital handcuffs&rdquo;, not
-# | &ldquo;digital locks&rdquo;.
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "DRM is like a lock placed on you by someone else, who refuses to give you "
-#| "the key &mdash; in other words, like handcuffs.  Therefore, we call them "
-#| "&ldquo;digital handcuffs&rdquo;, not &ldquo;digital locks&rdquo;."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "DRM is like a lock placed on you by someone else, who refuses to give you "
 "the key&mdash;in other words, like handcuffs.  Therefore, we call them "
@@ -666,24 +603,7 @@
 "meglio parlare di &ldquo;manette digitali&rdquo; anziché di &ldquo;lucchetti 
"
 "digitali&rdquo;."
 
-# | A number of {+opposition+} campaigns have chosen the unwise term
-# | &ldquo;digital locks&rdquo;; [-therefore,-] to [-correct-] {+get things
-# | back on+} the [-mistake,-] {+right track,+} we must firmly [-reject the-]
-# | {+decline to follow them in using that+} term.  We [-sometimes-] {+can+}
-# | support a campaign that [-criticizes-] {+opposes+} &ldquo;digital
-# | locks&rdquo;[-,-] if we agree [-with-] {+on+} the substance; [-but-]
-# | {+however,+} when we [-do, we-] state our [-rejection of that term, and-]
-# | {+support, we+} conspicuously [-say-] {+replace the term with+}
-# | &ldquo;digital handcuffs&rdquo; [-so as to set a better example.-] {+and
-# | say why.+}
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "A number of campaigns have chosen the unwise term &ldquo;digital "
-#| "locks&rdquo;; therefore, to correct the mistake, we must firmly reject "
-#| "the term.  We sometimes support a campaign that criticizes &ldquo;digital "
-#| "locks&rdquo;, if we agree with the substance; but when we do, we state "
-#| "our rejection of that term, and conspicuously say &ldquo;digital "
-#| "handcuffs&rdquo; so as to set a better example."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "A number of opposition campaigns have chosen the unwise term &ldquo;digital "
 "locks&rdquo;; to get things back on the right track, we must firmly decline "
@@ -732,14 +652,7 @@
 msgid "&ldquo;Ecosystem&rdquo;"
 msgstr "&ldquo;Ecosistema&rdquo;"
 
-# | It is [-a mistake-] {+inadvisable+} to describe the free software
-# | community, or any human community, as an &ldquo;ecosystem,&rdquo; because
-# | that word implies the absence of ethical judgment.
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "It is a mistake to describe the free software community, or any human "
-#| "community, as an &ldquo;ecosystem,&rdquo; because that word implies the "
-#| "absence of ethical judgment."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "It is inadvisable to describe the free software community, or any human "
 "community, as an &ldquo;ecosystem,&rdquo; because that word implies the "
@@ -749,25 +662,7 @@
 "comunità del software libero, come \"ecosistema\", perché quella parola "
 "implica l'assenza di senso etico."
 
-# | The term &ldquo;ecosystem&rdquo; implicitly suggests an attitude of
-# | nonjudgmental observation: don't ask how what <em>should</em> happen, just
-# | study and [-explain-] {+understand+} what <em>does</em> happen.  In an
-# | ecosystem, some organisms consume other organisms.  [-We-]  {+In ecology,
-# | we+} do not ask whether it is [-fair-] {+right+} for an owl to eat a mouse
-# | or for a mouse to eat a [-plant,-] {+seed,+} we only observe that they do
-# | so.  Species' populations grow or shrink according to the conditions; this
-# | is neither right nor wrong, merely an ecological [-phenomenon.-]
-# | {+phenomenon, even if it goes so far as the extinction of a species.+}
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "The term &ldquo;ecosystem&rdquo; implicitly suggests an attitude of "
-#| "nonjudgmental observation: don't ask how what <em>should</em> happen, "
-#| "just study and explain what <em>does</em> happen.  In an ecosystem, some "
-#| "organisms consume other organisms.  We do not ask whether it is fair for "
-#| "an owl to eat a mouse or for a mouse to eat a plant, we only observe that "
-#| "they do so.  Species' populations grow or shrink according to the "
-#| "conditions; this is neither right nor wrong, merely an ecological "
-#| "phenomenon."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "The term &ldquo;ecosystem&rdquo; implicitly suggests an attitude of "
 "nonjudgmental observation: don't ask how what <em>should</em> happen, just "
@@ -788,19 +683,7 @@
 "delle condizioni; e questo non è giusto né sbagliato, è un fenomeno "
 "ecologico, anche se comporta l'estinzione di una specie."
 
-# | By contrast, beings that adopt an ethical stance towards their
-# | surroundings can decide to preserve things that, [-on-] {+without+} their
-# | [-own,-] {+intervention,+} might vanish&mdash;such as civil society,
-# | democracy, human rights, peace, public health, {+a stable climate,+} clean
-# | air and water, endangered species, traditional arts&hellip;and computer
-# | users' freedom.
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "By contrast, beings that adopt an ethical stance towards their "
-#| "surroundings can decide to preserve things that, on their own, might "
-#| "vanish&mdash;such as civil society, democracy, human rights, peace, "
-#| "public health, clean air and water, endangered species, traditional "
-#| "arts&hellip;and computer users' freedom."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "By contrast, beings that adopt an ethical stance towards their surroundings "
 "can decide to preserve things that, without their intervention, might "
@@ -1475,18 +1358,7 @@
 msgid "&ldquo;Theft&rdquo;"
 msgstr "&ldquo;Furto&rdquo;"
 
-# | Copyright apologists often use words like &ldquo;stolen&rdquo; and
-# | &ldquo;theft&rdquo; [-as a metaphor for-] {+to refer to+} copyright
-# | infringement.  [-At the same time,-]  {+This is spin, but+} they [-ask
-# | us-] {+would like you+} to [-treat the legal system as an authority on
-# | ethics: if copying is forbidden,-] {+take+} it [-must be wrong.-] {+for
-# | objective truth.+}
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "Copyright apologists often use words like &ldquo;stolen&rdquo; and &ldquo;"
-#| "theft&rdquo; as a metaphor for copyright infringement.  At the same time, "
-#| "they ask us to treat the legal system as an authority on ethics: if "
-#| "copying is forbidden, it must be wrong."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "Copyright apologists often use words like &ldquo;stolen&rdquo; and &ldquo;"
 "theft&rdquo; to refer to copyright infringement.  This is spin, but they "
@@ -1496,19 +1368,7 @@
 "\" per descrivere le infrazioni al copyright.  Questa è un'esagerazione, ma "
 "costoro vorrebbero che questa venisse considerata una verità oggettiva."
 
-# | [-So it is pertinent to mention that-]{+Under+} the {+US+} legal
-# | [-system&mdash;at least in the US&mdash;rejects the idea that-]
-# | {+system,+} copyright infringement is [-&ldquo;theft.&rdquo; Copyright-]
-# | {+not theft.  Laws about theft are not applicable to copyright
-# | infringement.  The copyright+} apologists are making an appeal to
-# | [-authority&hellip;and-] {+authority&mdash;and+} misrepresenting what
-# | authority says.
-#. type: Content of: <p>
-#| msgid ""
-#| "So it is pertinent to mention that the legal system&mdash;at least in the "
-#| "US&mdash;rejects the idea that copyright infringement is &ldquo;theft."
-#| "&rdquo; Copyright apologists are making an appeal to authority&hellip;and "
-#| "misrepresenting what authority says."
+#. type: Content of: <p>
 msgid ""
 "Under the US legal system, copyright infringement is not theft.  Laws about "
 "theft are not applicable to copyright infringement.  The copyright "



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