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www/philosophy amazon-nat.html amazon.html amaz...


From: Joerg Kohne
Subject: www/philosophy amazon-nat.html amazon.html amaz...
Date: Fri, 12 Aug 2011 15:58:50 +0000

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     Joerg Kohne <joeko>     11/08/12 15:58:50

Modified files:
        philosophy     : amazon-nat.html amazon.html amazon-rms-tim.html 
                         essays-and-articles.html fire.html 
                         enforcing-gpl.html apsl.html netscape.html 
                         keep-control-of-your-computing.html 
                         rms-comment-longs-article.html 

Log message:
        (Translations) Add 'de'

CVSWeb URLs:
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/amazon-nat.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.16&r2=1.17
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/amazon.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.30&r2=1.31
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/amazon-rms-tim.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.11&r2=1.12
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/essays-and-articles.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.14&r2=1.15
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/fire.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.15&r2=1.16
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/enforcing-gpl.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.22&r2=1.23
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/apsl.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.32&r2=1.33
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/netscape.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.16&r2=1.17
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/keep-control-of-your-computing.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.2&r2=1.3
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.8&r2=1.9

Patches:
Index: amazon-nat.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/amazon-nat.html,v
retrieving revision 1.16
retrieving revision 1.17
diff -u -b -r1.16 -r1.17
--- amazon-nat.html     13 Jul 2011 17:30:47 -0000      1.16
+++ amazon-nat.html     12 Aug 2011 15:57:32 -0000      1.17
@@ -3,8 +3,7 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
 <h2>Letter from Nat</h2>
 
-<p>
-This is a letter from Nat Friedman regarding the Amazon Boycott.
+<p>This is a letter from Nat Friedman regarding the Amazon Boycott.
 Please <a href="/philosophy/amazon.html">read more about this
 boycott</a> and support us by making a link from your own home
 page!</p>
@@ -71,7 +70,7 @@
 <p>
 Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/07/13 17:30:47 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:32 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -93,6 +92,8 @@
 <!-- Please use W3C normative character entities -->
 
 <ul class="translations-list">
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/amazon-nat.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/amazon-nat.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 <!-- French -->

Index: amazon.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/amazon.html,v
retrieving revision 1.30
retrieving revision 1.31
diff -u -b -r1.30 -r1.31
--- amazon.html 13 Jul 2011 17:30:47 -0000      1.30
+++ amazon.html 12 Aug 2011 15:57:32 -0000      1.31
@@ -254,7 +254,7 @@
 <p>
 Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/07/13 17:30:47 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:32 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -275,7 +275,7 @@
 <!-- Please use W3C normative character entities -->
 
 <ul class="translations-list">
-<!-- Deutsch -->
+<!-- German -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/amazon.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/amazon.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>

Index: amazon-rms-tim.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/amazon-rms-tim.html,v
retrieving revision 1.11
retrieving revision 1.12
diff -u -b -r1.11 -r1.12
--- amazon-rms-tim.html 13 Jul 2011 17:30:47 -0000      1.11
+++ amazon-rms-tim.html 12 Aug 2011 15:57:32 -0000      1.12
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@
 <p>
 Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/07/13 17:30:47 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:32 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -114,6 +114,8 @@
 <!-- Please use W3C normative character entities -->
 
 <ul class="translations-list">
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/amazon-rms-tim.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/amazon-rms-tim.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 <!-- French -->

Index: essays-and-articles.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/essays-and-articles.html,v
retrieving revision 1.14
retrieving revision 1.15
diff -u -b -r1.14 -r1.15
--- essays-and-articles.html    13 Jul 2011 17:30:48 -0000      1.14
+++ essays-and-articles.html    12 Aug 2011 15:57:32 -0000      1.15
@@ -1,7 +1,6 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
 <title>Essays and Articles - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation 
(FSF)</title>
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
-
 <h2>Essays and Articles</h2>
 
 <p>This page lists a series of articles describing the philosophy of the
@@ -424,9 +423,6 @@
 ideas</a></li>
 <li id="Philosophy"><a href="/philosophy/">The main philosophy page</a></li>
 </ul>
-
-
-
 </div>
 
 <!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
@@ -460,7 +456,7 @@
 <p>
 Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/07/13 17:30:48 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:32 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -495,6 +491,8 @@
 <li><a 
href="/philosophy/essays-and-articles.bg.html">&#x431;&#x44A;&#x43B;&#x433;&#x430;&#x440;&#x441;&#x43A;&#x438;</a>&nbsp;[bg]</li>
 <!-- Catalan -->
 <li><a 
href="/philosophy/essays-and-articles.ca.html">catal&#x00e0;</a>&nbsp;[ca]</li>
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a 
href="/philosophy/essays-and-articles.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/essays-and-articles.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 <!-- Spanish -->

Index: fire.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/fire.html,v
retrieving revision 1.15
retrieving revision 1.16
diff -u -b -r1.15 -r1.16
--- fire.html   19 Jun 2011 12:48:03 -0000      1.15
+++ fire.html   12 Aug 2011 15:57:32 -0000      1.16
@@ -1,13 +1,10 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
-
-<title>Copyrighting fire!</title>
-
+<title>Copyrighting fire! 
+- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF)</title>
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
-
 <h2>Copyrighting fire!</h2>
 
-<p>
-I was in the pub last night, and a guy asked me for a light for his 
+<p>I was in the pub last night, and a guy asked me for a light for his 
 cigarette. I suddenly realised that there was a demand here and money to be 
 made, and so I agreed to light his cigarette for 10 pence, but I didn't 
 actually give him a light, I sold him a license to burn his cigarette. My 
@@ -21,42 +18,30 @@
 cigarettes left, right, and centre! Before long that whole side of the bar 
 was enjoying MY fire without paying me anything. Enraged I went from person 
 to person grabbing their cigarettes from their hands, throwing them to the 
-ground, and stamping on them.
-</p>
-<p>
-Strangely the door staff exhibited no respect for my property rights as they 
-threw me out the door.
-</p>
-<p>
---Ian Clarke
-</p>
+ground, and stamping on them.</p>
 
+<p>Strangely the door staff exhibited no respect for my property rights as 
they 
+threw me out the door.</p>
+
+<p>--Ian Clarke</p>
 </div>
 
 <!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
-
 <div id="footer">
-<p>
-Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
+<p>Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
 <a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.  There are
-also <a href="/contact/">other ways to
-contact</a> the FSF.  
-<br />
+also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> the FSF.  <br />
 Please send broken links and other corrections or suggestions to
-<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
-</p>
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Please see the 
+<p>Please see the 
 <a href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
 README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting
-translations of this article.
-</p>
+translations of this article.</p>
 
-<p>
-Updated:
+<p>Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/06/19 12:48:03 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:32 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -80,6 +65,8 @@
 <ul class="translations-list">
 <!-- Catalan -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/fire.ca.html">Catal&#x00e0;</a>&nbsp;[ca]</li>
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/fire.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/fire.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 <!-- French -->
@@ -93,7 +80,6 @@
 <!-- Tamil -->
 <li><a 
href="/philosophy/fire.ta.html">&#2980;&#2990;&#3007;&#2996;&#3021;</a>&nbsp;[ta]</li>
 </ul>
-
 </div>
 </div>
 </body>

Index: enforcing-gpl.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/enforcing-gpl.html,v
retrieving revision 1.22
retrieving revision 1.23
diff -u -b -r1.22 -r1.23
--- enforcing-gpl.html  19 Jun 2011 12:48:03 -0000      1.22
+++ enforcing-gpl.html  12 Aug 2011 15:57:32 -0000      1.23
@@ -1,28 +1,23 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
-<title>Enforcing the GNU GPL - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation 
(FSF)</title>
-
+<title>Enforcing the GNU GPL 
+- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF)</title>
 <meta http-equiv="Keywords" content="GNU, FSF, Free Software Foundation, 
Linux, violation, general, public, license, gpl, general public license, 
enforcing, freedom, software, Eben, Moglen, Eben Moglen" />
 <meta http-equiv="Description" content="In his essay, Enforcing the GNU GPL, 
Eben Moglen, legal counsel to the FSF, talks about how enforcement of the GNU 
General Public License is typically carried out." />
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
 <h2>Enforcing the GNU GPL</h2>
 
-<p>
-by <a href="http://moglen.law.columbia.edu/";><strong>Eben
-Moglen</strong></a></p>
+<p>by <a href="http://moglen.law.columbia.edu/";><strong>Eben 
Moglen</strong></a></p>
 <p><em>10 September 2001</em></p>
 
-<p>
-Microsoft's anti-GPL offensive this summer has sparked renewed
+<p>Microsoft's anti-GPL offensive this summer has sparked renewed
 speculation about whether the GPL is &ldquo;enforceable.&rdquo; This
 particular example of &ldquo;FUD&rdquo; (fear, uncertainty and doubt)
 is always a little amusing to me.  I'm the only lawyer on earth who
 can say this, I suppose, but it makes me wonder what everyone's
 wondering about: Enforcing the <a href="/licenses/gpl.html">GPL</a> is
-something that I do all the time.
-</p>
+something that I do all the time.</p>
 
-<p>
-Because <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a> is an
+<p>Because <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a> is an
 unorthodox concept in contemporary society, people tend to assume that
 such an atypical goal must be pursued using unusually ingenious, and
 therefore fragile, legal machinery.  But the assumption is faulty.  The
@@ -34,26 +29,20 @@
 doing business can be displaced by completely different models of
 production and distribution.  But the GPL, the legal device that makes
 everything else possible, is a very robust machine precisely because it is
-made of the simplest working parts.
-</p>
+made of the simplest working parts.</p>
 
-<p>
-The essence of copyright law, like other systems of property rules, is the
+<p>The essence of copyright law, like other systems of property rules, is the
 power to exclude.  The copyright holder is legally empowered to exclude
-all others from copying, distributing, and making derivative works.
-</p>
+all others from copying, distributing, and making derivative works.</p>
 
-<p>
-This right to exclude implies an equally large power to
+<p>This right to exclude implies an equally large power to
 license&mdash;that is, to grant permission to do what would otherwise
 be forbidden.  Licenses are not contracts: the work's user is obliged
 to remain within the bounds of the license not because she voluntarily
 promised, but because she doesn't have any right to act at all except
-as the license permits.
-</p>
+as the license permits.</p>
 
-<p>
-But most proprietary software companies want more power than copyright
+<p>But most proprietary software companies want more power than copyright
 alone gives them.  These companies say their software is
 &ldquo;licensed&rdquo; to consumers, but the license contains
 obligations that copyright law knows nothing about.  Software you're
@@ -62,11 +51,9 @@
 the prohibition is just a contract term you agree to as a condition of
 getting the software when you buy the product under shrink wrap in a
 store, or accept a &ldquo;clickwrap license&rdquo; on line.  Copyright
-is just leverage for taking even more away from users.
-</p>
+is just leverage for taking even more away from users.</p>
 
-<p>
-The GPL, on the other hand, subtracts from copyright rather than adding to
+<p>The GPL, on the other hand, subtracts from copyright rather than adding to
 it.  The license doesn't have to be complicated, because we try to control
 users as little as possible.  Copyright grants publishers power to forbid
 users to exercise rights to copy, modify, and distribute that we believe
@@ -76,18 +63,14 @@
 under GPL.  That condition is a very minor restriction, from the copyright
 point of view.  Much more restrictive licenses are routinely held
 enforceable: every license involved in every single copyright lawsuit is
-more restrictive than the GPL.
-</p>
+more restrictive than the GPL.</p>
 
-<p>
-Because there's nothing complex or controversial about the license's
+<p>Because there's nothing complex or controversial about the license's
 substantive provisions, I have never even seen a serious argument that the
 GPL exceeds a licensor's powers.  But it is sometimes said that the GPL
-can't be enforced because users haven't &ldquo;accepted&rdquo; it.
-</p>
+can't be enforced because users haven't &ldquo;accepted&rdquo; it.</p>
 
-<p>
-This claim is based on a misunderstanding.  The license does not require
+<p>This claim is based on a misunderstanding.  The license does not require
 anyone to accept it in order to acquire, install, use, inspect, or even
 experimentally modify GPL'd software.  All of those activities are either
 forbidden or controlled by proprietary software firms, so they require you
@@ -101,28 +84,22 @@
 And because no one can ever redistribute without a license, we can safely
 presume that anyone redistributing GPL'd software intended to accept the
 GPL.  After all, the GPL requires each copy of covered software to include
-the license text, so everyone is fully informed.
-</p>
+the license text, so everyone is fully informed.</p>
 
-<p>
-Despite the FUD, as a copyright license the GPL is absolutely solid.
+<p>Despite the FUD, as a copyright license the GPL is absolutely solid.
 That's why I've been able to enforce it dozens of times over nearly ten
-years, without ever going to court.
-</p>
+years, without ever going to court.</p>
 
-<p>
-Meanwhile, much murmuring has been going on in recent months to the
+<p>Meanwhile, much murmuring has been going on in recent months to the
 supposed effect that the absence of judicial enforcement, in US or other
 courts, somehow demonstrates that there is something wrong with the GPL,
 that its unusual policy goal is implemented in a technically indefensible
 way, or that the Free Software Foundation, which authors the license, is
 afraid of testing it in court.  Precisely the reverse is true.  We do not
 find ourselves taking the GPL to court because no one has yet been willing
-to risk contesting it with us there.
-</p>
+to risk contesting it with us there.</p>
 
-<p>
-So what happens when the GPL is violated?  With software for which the
+<p>So what happens when the GPL is violated?  With software for which the
 Free Software Foundation holds the copyright (either because we wrote
 the programs in the first place, or because free software authors have
 assigned us the copyright, in order to take advantage of our expertise
@@ -132,11 +109,9 @@
 to <a href="mailto:address@hidden";>&lt;address@hidden&gt;</a>.
 <a href="/licenses/gpl-violation.html">We ask the reporters of
 violations to help us establish necessary facts</a>, and then we
-conduct whatever further investigation is required.
-</p>
+conduct whatever further investigation is required.</p>
 
-<p>
-We reach this stage dozens of times a year.  A quiet initial contact is
+<p>We reach this stage dozens of times a year.  A quiet initial contact is
 usually sufficient to resolve the problem.  Parties thought they were
 complying with GPL, and are pleased to follow advice on the correction of
 an error.  Sometimes, however, we believe that confidence-building
@@ -147,21 +122,17 @@
 directly to their enterprises' managing boards, regularly.  In
 particularly complex cases, we have sometimes insisted upon measures that
 would make subsequent judicial enforcement simple and rapid in the event
-of future violation.
-</p>
+of future violation.</p>
 
-<p>
-In approximately a decade of enforcing the GPL, I have never insisted on
+<p>In approximately a decade of enforcing the GPL, I have never insisted on
 payment of damages to the Foundation for violation of the license, and I
 have rarely required public admission of wrongdoing.  Our position has
 always been that compliance with the license, and security for future good
 behavior, are the most important goals.  We have done everything to make
 it easy for violators to comply, and we have offered oblivion with respect
-to past faults.
-</p>
+to past faults.</p>
 
-<p>
-In the early years of the free software movement, this was probably the
+<p>In the early years of the free software movement, this was probably the
 only strategy available.  Expensive and burdensome litigation might have
 destroyed the FSF, or at least prevented it from doing what we knew was
 necessary to make the free software movement the permanent force in
@@ -173,11 +144,9 @@
 software, and no one wanted to be the customer, business partner, or even
 employee of such a bad actor.  Faced with a choice between compliance
 without publicity or a campaign of bad publicity and a litigation battle
-they could not win, violators chose not to play it the hard way.
-</p>
+they could not win, violators chose not to play it the hard way.</p>
 
-<p>
-We have even, once or twice, faced enterprises which, under US
+<p>We have even, once or twice, faced enterprises which, under US
 copyright law, were engaged in deliberate, criminal copyright
 infringement: taking the source code of GPL'd software, recompiling it
 with an attempt to conceal its origin, and offering it for sale as a
@@ -192,71 +161,54 @@
 legal problems, when you can have the real thing for free?&rdquo;
 Customers have never failed to see the pertinence of the question.
 The stealing of free software is one place where, indeed, crime
-doesn't pay.
-</p>
+doesn't pay.</p>
 
-<p>
-But perhaps we have succeeded too well.  If I had used the courts to
+<p>But perhaps we have succeeded too well.  If I had used the courts to
 enforce the GPL years ago, Microsoft's whispering would now be falling
 on deaf ears.  Just this month I have been working on a couple of
 moderately sticky situations.  &ldquo;Look,&rdquo; I say, &ldquo;at
 how many people all over the world are pressuring me to enforce the
 GPL in court, just to prove I can.  I really need to make an example
-of someone.  Would you like to volunteer?&rdquo;
-</p>
+of someone.  Would you like to volunteer?&rdquo;</p>
 
-<p>
-Someday someone will.  But that someone's customers are going to go
+<p>Someday someone will.  But that someone's customers are going to go
 elsewhere, talented technologists who don't want their own reputations
 associated with such an enterprise will quit, and bad publicity will
 smother them.  And that's all before we even walk into court.  The first
 person who tries it will certainly wish he hadn't.  Our way of doing law
 has been as unusual as our way of doing software, but that's just the
 point.  Free software matters because it turns out that the different way
-is the right way after all.
-</p>
+is the right way after all.</p>
 
-<p>
-<cite>
+<p><cite>
 Eben Moglen is professor of law and legal history at Columbia University
 Law School.  He serves without fee as General Counsel of the Free Software
 Foundation.
-</cite>
-</p>
-
+</cite></p>
 </div>
 
 <!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
 <div id="footer">
 
-<p>
-Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
+<p>Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
 <a href="mailto:address@hidden";>&lt;address@hidden&gt;</a>.
-There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> 
-the FSF.
-<br />
+There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> the FSF.<br />
 Please send broken links and other corrections or suggestions to
-<a href="mailto:address@hidden";>&lt;address@hidden&gt;</a>.
-</p>
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";>&lt;address@hidden&gt;</a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Please see the 
+<p>Please see the 
 <a href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
 README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting
-translations of this article.
-</p>
+translations of this article.</p>
 
-<p>
-Copyright &copy; 2001 Eben Moglen
-</p>
-<p>
-Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted in
+<p>Copyright &copy; 2001 Eben Moglen</p>
+
+<p>Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted in
 any medium, provided this notice is preserved.</p>
 
-<p>
-Updated:
+<p>Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/06/19 12:48:03 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:32 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>

Index: apsl.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/apsl.html,v
retrieving revision 1.32
retrieving revision 1.33
diff -u -b -r1.32 -r1.33
--- apsl.html   13 Jul 2011 17:36:28 -0000      1.32
+++ apsl.html   12 Aug 2011 15:57:33 -0000      1.33
@@ -3,8 +3,7 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
 <h2>FSF's Opinion of the Apple Public Source License (APSL) 2.0</h2>
 
-<p>
-The Apple Public Source License (APSL) version 2.0 qualifies as a free
+<p>The Apple Public Source License (APSL) version 2.0 qualifies as a free
 software license.  Apple's lawyers worked with the FSF to produce a
 license that would qualify.
 The <a href="/philosophy/historical-apsl.html">problems previously
@@ -14,8 +13,7 @@
 APSL to use the terms of version 2.0 rather than that of any earlier
 license.</p>
 
-<p>
-In version 2.0 of the APSL, the definition of &ldquo;Externally
+<p>In version 2.0 of the APSL, the definition of &ldquo;Externally
 Deployed&rdquo; has been narrowed in a way that is appropriate for the
 respect of users' freedoms.  It has always been the position of FSF
 that the freedom of Free Software is primarily for the users of that
@@ -26,8 +24,7 @@
 without unduly hindering the users' privacy nor freedom to use the
 software.</p>
 
-<p>
-The FSF now considers the APSL to be a free software license with two
+<p>The FSF now considers the APSL to be a free software license with two
 major practical problems, reminiscent of the NPL:</p>
 
 <ul>
@@ -37,21 +34,18 @@
 <li>It is incompatible with the GPL.</li>
 </ul>
 
-<p>
-For this reason, we recommend you do not release new software using
+<p>For this reason, we recommend you do not release new software using
 this license; but it is ok to use and improve software which other
 people release under this license.</p>
 
-<p>
-Aside from this, we must remember that only part of Mac OS X is being
+<p>Aside from this, we must remember that only part of Mac OS X is being
 released under the APSL.  Even though the fatal flaws of the APSL were
 fixed, and even if the practical problems were addressed, that does no
 good for the other parts of Mac OS X whose source code is not being
 released at all.  We must not judge all of a company by just part of what
 it does.</p>
 
-<p>
-<a href="http://www.gnu-darwin.org";>GNU-Darwin</a> is a combination
+<p><a href="http://www.gnu-darwin.org";>GNU-Darwin</a> is a combination
 of GNU and Darwin that is supposed to include only free software.</p>
 
 </div>
@@ -59,36 +53,30 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
 <div id="footer">
 
-<p>
-Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
+<p>Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
 <a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
 There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> 
 the FSF.
 <br />
 Please send broken links and other corrections or suggestions to
-<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
-</p>
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Please see the 
+<p>Please see the 
 <a href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
 README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting
-translations of this article.
-</p>
+translations of this article.</p>
+
+<p>Copyright &copy; 1999, 2001, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.,</p>
 
-<p>
-Copyright &copy; 1999, 2001, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
-</p>
 <address>51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110, USA</address>
+
 <p>This page is licensed under a <a rel="license"
 href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/us/";>Creative
-Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License</a>.
-</p>
+Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License</a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Updated:
+<p>Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/07/13 17:36:28 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:33 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -112,6 +100,8 @@
 <ul class="translations-list">
 <!-- Catalan -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/apsl.ca.html">Catal&#x00e0;</a>&nbsp;[ca]</li>
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/apsl.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a href="/philosophy/apsl.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 <!-- Spanish -->

Index: netscape.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/netscape.html,v
retrieving revision 1.16
retrieving revision 1.17
diff -u -b -r1.16 -r1.17
--- netscape.html       15 Jul 2011 14:54:49 -0000      1.16
+++ netscape.html       12 Aug 2011 15:57:33 -0000      1.17
@@ -1,21 +1,19 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
-<title>Netscape - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF)</title>
+<title>Netscape 
+- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF)</title>
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
 <h2>Netscape and Free Software</h2>
 
 <div class="announcement">
-<blockquote><p>
-<a href="/philosophy/netscape-npl.html"> More recent news about
-Netscape</a>.
-</p></blockquote>
+<blockquote>
+<p><a href="/philosophy/netscape-npl.html"> More recent news about 
Netscape</a>.</p>
+</blockquote>
 </div>
 
-<p>
-People have been writing with joy to tell us that Netscape has
+<p>People have been writing with joy to tell us that Netscape has
 announced a plan to make its browser free software, under the GNU GPL.</p>
 
-<p>
-That is getting a bit ahead of events.  The announcement Netscape made
+<p>That is getting a bit ahead of events.  The announcement Netscape made
 does not actually say that they will use the GNU GPL, and does not
 assert that the program will
 be <a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a> as we define
@@ -24,58 +22,48 @@
 get all the way there or fall substantially short.  In fact, Netscape
 is still deciding what to do.</p>
 
-<p>
-When they decide, two crucial questions will be whether people will be
+<p>When they decide, two crucial questions will be whether people will be
 free to distribute copies for a fee (on free software CD-ROM
 collections, for example) and whether people will be free to
 redistribute modified versions just like the original version.  If
 either of those freedoms is lacking, the program won't be free
 software.</p>
 
-<p>
-If Netscape does release the Netscape browser as free software, that
+<p>If Netscape does release the Netscape browser as free software, that
 will be a great day for the free software movement.  But rather than
 rejoicing or criticizing now, let's see what actually happens, and
 then we'll know whether to celebrate.  What we can usefully do now is
 urge Netscape, calmly and politely, to make the software free, and to
 copyleft it with the <a href="/copyleft/gpl.html">GNU General Public
 License</a>.</p>
-
 </div>
 
 <!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
 <div id="footer">
-
-<p>
-Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
+<p>Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
 <a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
 There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> 
 the FSF.
 <br />
 Please send broken links and other corrections or suggestions to
-<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
-</p>
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Please see the 
+<p>Please see the 
 <a href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
 README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting
-translations of this article.
-</p>
+translations of this article.</p>
+
+<p>Copyright &copy; 1998, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.,</p>
 
-<p>
-Copyright &copy; 1998, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
-</p>
 <address>51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110, USA</address>
+
 <p>This page is licensed under a <a rel="license"
 href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/us/";>Creative
-Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License</a>.
-</p>
+Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License</a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Updated:
+<p>Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/07/15 14:54:49 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:33 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -98,6 +86,8 @@
 <!-- Please use W3C normative character entities. -->
 
 <ul class="translations-list">
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/netscape.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- Greek -->
 <li><a 
href="/philosophy/netscape.el.html">&#x0395;&#x03bb;&#x03bb;&#x03b7;&#x03bd;&#x03b9;&#x03ba;&#x03ac;</a>&nbsp;[el]</li>
 <!-- English -->

Index: keep-control-of-your-computing.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/keep-control-of-your-computing.html,v
retrieving revision 1.2
retrieving revision 1.3
diff -u -b -r1.2 -r1.3
--- keep-control-of-your-computing.html 3 Aug 2011 13:45:45 -0000       1.2
+++ keep-control-of-your-computing.html 12 Aug 2011 15:57:33 -0000      1.3
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@
 
 <p>Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/08/03 13:45:45 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:33 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -154,6 +154,8 @@
      -->
 
 <ul class="translations-list">
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a 
href="/philosophy/keep-control-of-your-computing.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a 
href="/philosophy/keep-control-of-your-computing.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 </ul>

Index: rms-comment-longs-article.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.html,v
retrieving revision 1.8
retrieving revision 1.9
diff -u -b -r1.8 -r1.9
--- rms-comment-longs-article.html      13 Jul 2011 17:30:50 -0000      1.8
+++ rms-comment-longs-article.html      12 Aug 2011 15:57:33 -0000      1.9
@@ -1,13 +1,12 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
-<title>Comments on Roderick Long's Article - GNU Project - Free Software 
Foundation (FSF)</title>
+<title>Comments on Roderick Long's Article 
+- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF)</title>
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
 <h2>Comments on Roderick Long's Article</h2>
 
-<p>
-by <a href="http://www.stallman.org/";><strong>Richard Stallman</strong></a></p>
+<p>by <a href="http://www.stallman.org/";><strong>Richard 
Stallman</strong></a></p>
 
-<p>
-Free software is a matter of freedom.  From our point of view,
+<p>Free software is a matter of freedom.  From our point of view,
 precisely which legal mechanism is used to deny software users their
 freedom is just an implemementation detail.  Whether it is done with
 copyright, with contracts, or in some other way, it is wrong to deny
@@ -16,8 +15,7 @@
 as specifically a matter of opposition to copyright on software.  It
 is both more and less than that.</p>
 
-<p>
-However, you will often hear people of right-wing ideological
+<p>However, you will often hear people of right-wing ideological
 persuasion argue in vague way that some general moral principle of
 property rights compels us to cede our freedom to a system of
 copyright, regardless of how this affects our way of life.  The
@@ -25,42 +23,31 @@
 regards property rights as the highest moral principle, is useful as a
 refutation.  It shows that even if you adore property rights for
 physical objects, you are not compelled to accept copyright.</p>
-
 </div>
-
 <!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
 <div id="footer">
-
-<p>
-Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
+<p>Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
 <a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
-There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> 
-the FSF.
-<br />
+There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> the FSF.<br />
 Please send broken links and other corrections or suggestions to
-<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
-</p>
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Please see the 
+<p>Please see the 
 <a href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
 README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting
-translations of this article.
-</p>
+translations of this article.</p>
+
+<p>Copyright &copy; 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2008 Free Software 
Foundation, Inc.,</p>
 
-<p>
-Copyright &copy; 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2008 Free
-Software Foundation, Inc.,</p>
 <address>51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110, USA</address>
+
 <p>This page is licensed under a <a rel="license"
 href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/us/";>Creative
-Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License</a>.
-</p>
+Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License</a>.</p>
 
-<p>
-Updated:
+<p>Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2011/07/13 17:30:50 $
+$Date: 2011/08/12 15:57:33 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p>
 </div>
@@ -83,6 +70,8 @@
 <!-- Please use W3C normative character entities. -->
 
 <ul class="translations-list">
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a 
href="/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.de.html">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
 <!-- English -->
 <li><a 
href="/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
 <!-- French -->



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