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www/gnu gnu-linux-faq.html

From: Waclaw Jacek
Subject: www/gnu gnu-linux-faq.html
Date: Sat, 13 Nov 2010 00:32:46 +0000

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     Waclaw Jacek <wwj>      10/11/13 00:32:46

Modified files:
        gnu            : gnu-linux-faq.html 

Log message:
        adding an anchor reference ID to all of the links on 
gnu/gnu-linux-faq.html in smaller print


Index: gnu-linux-faq.html
RCS file: /web/www/www/gnu/gnu-linux-faq.html,v
retrieving revision 1.97
retrieving revision 1.98
diff -u -b -r1.97 -r1.98
--- gnu-linux-faq.html  13 Nov 2010 00:17:49 -0000      1.97
+++ gnu-linux-faq.html  13 Nov 2010 00:32:43 -0000      1.98
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@
 <dt id="why">Why do you call it GNU/Linux and not
-    Linux?</dt>
+    Linux? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 <dd>Most operating system distributions based on Linux as kernel are
 basically modified versions of the GNU operating system.  We began
@@ -244,7 +244,7 @@
 history.</p> </dd>
 <dt id="whycare">Why is the name
-    important?</dt>
+    important? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 <dd>Although the developers of Linux, the kernel, are contributing to
 the free software community, many of them do not care about freedom.
@@ -260,7 +260,7 @@
 <dt id="howerror">How did it come about that most
-    people call the system &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;?</dt>
+    people call the system &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#howerror">#howerror</a>)</span></dt>
 <dd>Calling the system &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; is a confusion that has spread 
 than the corrective information.
@@ -287,7 +287,7 @@
 <dt id="always">Should we always say
-    &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo; instead of &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;?</dt>
+    &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo; instead of &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#always">#always</a>)</span></dt>
 Not always&mdash;only when you're talking about the whole system.  When
 you're referring specifically to the kernel, you should call it
@@ -303,7 +303,7 @@
 <dt id="linuxalone">Would Linux have
     achieved the same success if there had been no
-    GNU?</dt>
+    GNU? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 In that alternative world, there would be nothing today like the
@@ -325,7 +325,7 @@
 <dt id="divide">Wouldn't it be better for the
-    community if you did not divide people with this request?</dt>
+    community if you did not divide people with this request? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#divide">#divide</a>)</span></dt>
 When we ask people to say &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;, we are not dividing people. 
@@ -368,7 +368,7 @@
 <dt id="freespeech">Doesn't the GNU project
           support an individual's free speech rights to call the system by
-          any name that individual chooses?</dt>
+          any name that individual chooses? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#freespeech">#freespeech</a>)</span></dt>
 Yes, indeed, we believe you have a free speech right to call the
 operating system by any name you wish.  We ask that people call it
@@ -379,7 +379,7 @@
 <dt id="everyoneknows">Since everyone knows
     GNU's role in developing the system, doesn't the &ldquo;GNU/&rdquo; in the
-    name go without saying?</dt>
+    name go without saying? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 <dd>Experience shows that the system's users, and the computer-using
 public in general, often know nothing about the GNU system.  Most
@@ -401,7 +401,7 @@
 <dt id="everyoneknows2">Since I know the role of GNU in this system,
-    why does it matter what name I use?</dt>
+    why does it matter what name I use? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 If your words don't reflect your knowledge, you don't teach others.
@@ -412,7 +412,7 @@
 <dt id="windows">Isn't shortening &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;
-    to &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; just like shortening &ldquo;Microsoft 
Windows&rdquo; to &ldquo;Windows&rdquo;?</dt>
+    to &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; just like shortening &ldquo;Microsoft 
Windows&rdquo; to &ldquo;Windows&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 It's useful to shorten a frequently-used name, but not if the
@@ -430,7 +430,7 @@
 <dt id="tools">Isn't GNU a collection of
-    programming tools that were included in Linux?</dt>
+    programming tools that were included in Linux? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#tools">#tools</a>)</span></dt>
 People who think that Linux is an entire operating system, if they
@@ -454,7 +454,7 @@
 <dt id="osvskernel">What is the difference
-between an operating system and a kernel?</dt>
+between an operating system and a kernel? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#osvskernel">#osvskernel</a>)</span></dt>
 An operating system, as we use the term, means a collection of
@@ -491,7 +491,7 @@
 <dt id="house">The kernel of a system is like the foundation of a
     house.  How can a house be almost complete when it doesn't have a
-    foundation?</dt>
+    foundation? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 A kernel is not much like the foundation of a house because building
@@ -512,7 +512,7 @@
-<dt id="brain">Isn't the kernel the brain of the system?</dt>
+<dt id="brain">Isn't the kernel the brain of the system? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#brain">#brain</a>)</span></dt>
 A computer system is not much like a human body,
@@ -521,7 +521,7 @@
 <dt id="kernelmost">Isn't writing the kernel most of the work in an
-operating system?</dt>
+operating system? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 No, many components take a lot of work.
@@ -529,7 +529,7 @@
 <dt id="afterkernel">We're calling the
     whole system after the kernel, Linux.  Isn't it normal to name an
-    operating system after a kernel?</dt>
+    operating system after a kernel? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 That practice seems to be very rare&mdash;we can't find any examples other
@@ -547,7 +547,7 @@
 <dt id="long">The problem with &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo; is that it is too long.
-    How about recommending a shorter name?</dt>
+    How about recommending a shorter name? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#long">#long</a>)</span></dt>
 For a while we tried the name &ldquo;LiGNUx&rdquo;, which combines the words 
@@ -560,7 +560,7 @@
 <dt id="justgnu">Since Linux is a secondary
     contribution, would it be false to the facts to call the system simply
-    &ldquo;GNU&rdquo;? (<a href="#justgnu">#justgnu</a>)</dt>
+    &ldquo;GNU&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 It would not be false to the facts, but it is not the best thing to
@@ -591,7 +591,7 @@
 <dt id="trademarkfee">I would have
     to pay a fee if I use &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; in the name of a product, and 
     would also apply if I say &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;.  Is it wrong if I use 
-    without &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;, to save the fee?</dt>
+    without &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;, to save the fee? <span 
 There's nothing wrong in calling the system &ldquo;GNU&rdquo;; basically, 
 what it is.  It is nice to give Linus Torvalds a share of the credit
@@ -606,7 +606,7 @@
     the system as it is today; it includes TeX, X11, Apache, Perl, and many
     more programs.  Don't your arguments imply we have to give them credit
     too?  (But that would lead to a name so long it is
-    absurd.)</dt>
+    absurd.) <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 What we say is that you ought to give the system's principal developer
@@ -636,7 +636,7 @@
 <dt id="others">Many other projects contributed to
     the system as it is today, but they don't insist on calling it
-    XYZ/Linux.  Why should we treat GNU specially?</dt>
+    XYZ/Linux.  Why should we treat GNU specially? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#others">#others</a>)</span></dt>
 Thousands of projects have developed programs commonly included in
@@ -650,7 +650,7 @@
 <dt id="allsmall">GNU is a small fraction of the system nowadays,
-    so why should we mention it?</dt>
+    so why should we mention it? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 In 2008, we found that GNU packages made up 15% of the
 &ldquo;main&rdquo; repository of the gNewSense GNU/Linux distribution.
@@ -667,7 +667,7 @@
 <dt id="manycompanies">Many companies
     contributed to the system as it is today; doesn't that mean
-    we ought to call it GNU/Redhat/Novell/Linux?</dt>
+    we ought to call it GNU/Redhat/Novell/Linux? <span 
@@ -686,7 +686,7 @@
 <dt id="whyslash">Why do you write &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;
-instead of &ldquo;GNU Linux&rdquo;?</dt>
+instead of &ldquo;GNU Linux&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 Following the rules of English, in the construction &ldquo;GNU Linux&rdquo; the
@@ -720,7 +720,7 @@
 <dt id="whyorder">Why &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo; rather
-than &ldquo;Linux/GNU&rdquo;?</dt>
+than &ldquo;Linux/GNU&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 It is right and proper to mention the principal contribution first.
@@ -733,7 +733,7 @@
 <dt id="distronames">My distro is called
-    &ldquo;Foobar Linux&rdquo;; doesn't that show it's really Linux?</dt>
+    &ldquo;Foobar Linux&rdquo;; doesn't that show it's really Linux? <span 
 <p>It means that the people who make the &ldquo;Foobar Linux&rdquo; distro are
@@ -742,7 +742,7 @@
 <dt id="distronames1">My distro's official name is &ldquo;Foobar
     Linux&rdquo;; isn't it wrong to call the distro 
-    anything but &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;?</dt>
+    anything but &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 <dd><p>If it's allowed for them to change &ldquo;GNU&rdquo; to
 &ldquo;Foobar Linux&rdquo;, it's allowed for you to change it back and
@@ -752,7 +752,7 @@
 <dt id="companies">Wouldn't it be more
     effective to ask companies such as Mandrake, Red Hat and IBM to
     call their distributions &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo; rather than asking
-    individuals?</dt>
+    individuals? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 It isn't a choice of one or the other&mdash;we ask companies and
@@ -773,7 +773,7 @@
 <dt id="reserve">Wouldn't it be better to
     reserve the name &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo; for distributions that are purely
-    free software?  After all, that is the ideal of GNU.</dt>
+    free software?  After all, that is the ideal of GNU. <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#reserve">#reserve</a>)</span></dt>
 The widespread practice of adding non-free software to the GNU/Linux
@@ -814,7 +814,7 @@
 <dt id="gnudist">Why not make a GNU
-    distribution of Linux (sic) and call that GNU/Linux?</dt>
+    distribution of Linux (sic) and call that GNU/Linux? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#gnudist">#gnudist</a>)</span></dt>
 All the &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; distributions are actually versions of the GNU 
@@ -834,7 +834,7 @@
 <dt id="linuxgnu">Why not just say &ldquo;Linux is
     the GNU kernel&rdquo; and release some existing version of GNU/Linux under
-    the name &ldquo;GNU&rdquo;?</dt>
+    the name &ldquo;GNU&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 It might have been a good idea to adopt Linux as the GNU kernel back
@@ -848,7 +848,7 @@
 <dt id="condemn">Did the GNU Project condemn
-    and oppose use of Linux in the early days?</dt>
+    and oppose use of Linux in the early days? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#condemn">#condemn</a>)</span></dt>
 We did not adopt Linux as our kernel, but we didn't condemn or oppose
@@ -877,7 +877,7 @@
 <dt id="wait">Why did you wait so
-    long before asking people to use the name GNU/Linux?</dt>
+    long before asking people to use the name GNU/Linux? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#wait">#wait</a>)</span></dt>
 <p>Actually we didn't.  We began talking privately with developers and
@@ -886,7 +886,7 @@
 <dt id="allgpled">Should the GNU/<i>name</i>
-    convention be applied to all programs that are GPL'ed?</dt>
+    convention be applied to all programs that are GPL'ed? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#allgpled">#allgpled</a>)</span></dt>
 We never refer to individual programs as &ldquo;GNU/<i>name</i>&rdquo;.  When 
a program
@@ -930,7 +930,7 @@
 <dt id="unix">Since much of GNU comes
 from Unix, shouldn't GNU give credit
-to Unix by using &ldquo;Unix&rdquo; in its name?</dt>
+to Unix by using &ldquo;Unix&rdquo; in its name? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#unix">#unix</a>)</span></dt>
 Actually, none of GNU comes from Unix.  Unix was proprietary software
@@ -973,7 +973,7 @@
 <dt id="bsd">Should we say &ldquo;GNU/BSD&rdquo;
+too? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#bsd">#bsd</a>)</span></dt>
 We don't call the BSD systems (FreeBSD, etc.) &ldquo;GNU/BSD&rdquo; systems,
@@ -1007,7 +1007,7 @@
 <dt id="othersys">If I install the GNU tools
-on Windows, does that mean I am running a GNU/Windows system?</dt>
+on Windows, does that mean I am running a GNU/Windows system? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#othersys">#othersys</a>)</span></dt>
 Not in the same sense that we mean by &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;.  The tools of 
@@ -1018,7 +1018,7 @@
 <dt id="justlinux">Can't there be Linux systems
-    without GNU?</dt>
+    without GNU? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 There are systems that contain Linux and not GNU; Android is an example.
@@ -1035,7 +1035,7 @@
 <dt id="helplinus">Why not call the system
     &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; anyway, and strengthen Linus Torvalds' role as 
posterboy for our
-    community?</dt>
+    community? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 Linus Torvalds is the &ldquo;posterboy&rdquo; (other people's choice of word, 
@@ -1067,7 +1067,7 @@
 <dt id="claimlinux">Isn't it wrong for us to label Linus Torvalds'
-    work as GNU?</dt>
+    work as GNU? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 It would be wrong, so we don't do that.  Torvalds' work is Linux, the
@@ -1079,7 +1079,7 @@
 <dt id="linusagreed">Does Linus Torvalds
-    agree that Linux is just the kernel?</dt>
+    agree that Linux is just the kernel? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 <p>He recognized this at the beginning.  The earliest Linux release notes
@@ -1092,7 +1092,7 @@
 <dt id="lost">The battle is already lost&mdash;society
     has made its decision and we can't change it, so why even think about
-    it?</dt>
+    it? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 This isn't a battle, it is a campaign of education.  What to call the
@@ -1105,7 +1105,7 @@
 <dt id="whatgood">Society has made its
     decision and we can't change it, so what good does it do if I say
-    &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;?</dt>
+    &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 This is not an all-or-nothing situation: correct and incorrect
@@ -1120,7 +1120,7 @@
 <dt id="explain">Wouldn't it be better to call
     the system &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; and teach people its real origin with a 
-    explanation?</dt>
+    explanation? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 If you help us by explaining to others in that way, we appreciate your
@@ -1144,7 +1144,7 @@
 <dt id="treatment">Some people laugh at you
     when you ask them to call the system GNU/Linux.  Why do you subject
-    yourself to this treatment?</dt>
+    yourself to this treatment? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 Calling the system &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; tends to give people a mistaken picture 
@@ -1166,7 +1166,7 @@
 <dt id="alienate">Some people condemn you
     when you ask them to call the system GNU/Linux.  Don't you lose by
-    alienating them?</dt>
+    alienating them? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 Not much.  People who don't appreciate our role in developing the
@@ -1183,7 +1183,7 @@
 <dt id="rename">Whatever you contributed,
-    is it legitimate to rename the operating system?</dt>
+    is it legitimate to rename the operating system? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#rename">#rename</a>)</span></dt>
 We are not renaming anything; we have been calling this system 
@@ -1191,7 +1191,7 @@
 it to &ldquo;Linux&rdquo; should not have done so.</dd>
 <dt id="force">Isn't it wrong to force people to call
-the system &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;?</dt>
+the system &ldquo;GNU/Linux&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 It would be wrong to force them, and we don't try.  We call the system
@@ -1199,7 +1199,7 @@
 <dt id="whynotsue">Why not sue people who call
-the whole system &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;?</dt>
+the whole system &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 There are no legal grounds to sue them, but since we believe in
@@ -1208,7 +1208,7 @@
 <dt id="require">Shouldn't you put something in
-    the GNU GPL to require people to call the system &ldquo;GNU&rdquo;?</dt>
+    the GNU GPL to require people to call the system &ldquo;GNU&rdquo;? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#require">#require</a>)</span></dt>
 The purpose of the GNU GPL is to protect the users' freedom from those
@@ -1223,7 +1223,7 @@
 <dt id="BSDlicense">Since you objected to the original BSD license's
 advertising requirement to give credit to the University of California,
-isn't it hypocritical to demand credit for the GNU project?</dt>
+isn't it hypocritical to demand credit for the GNU project? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#BSDlicense">#BSDlicense</a>)</span></dt>
 It would be hypocritical to make the name GNU/Linux a license
@@ -1233,7 +1233,7 @@
 <dt id="deserve">Since you failed to put
     something in the GNU GPL to require people to call the system 
-    you deserve what happened; why are you complaining now?</dt>
+    you deserve what happened; why are you complaining now? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#deserve">#deserve</a>)</span></dt>
 The question presupposes a rather controversial general ethical
@@ -1245,7 +1245,7 @@
 <dt id="contradict">Wouldn't you be better
-    off not contradicting what so many people believe?</dt>
+    off not contradicting what so many people believe? <span 
class="anchor-reference-id">(<a href="#contradict">#contradict</a>)</span></dt>
 We don't think we should go along with large numbers of people because
@@ -1258,7 +1258,7 @@
 <dt id="somanyright">Since many people call
-it &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;, doesn't that make it right?</dt>
+it &ldquo;Linux&rdquo;, doesn't that make it right? <span 
 We don't think that the popularity of an error makes it the truth.
@@ -1267,7 +1267,7 @@
 <dt id="winning">Many people care about what's
     convenient or who's winning, not about arguments of right or wrong.
     Couldn't you get more of their support by a different
-    road?</dt>
+    road? <span class="anchor-reference-id">(<a 
 To care only about what's convenient or who's winning is an amoral
@@ -1333,7 +1333,7 @@
 <!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2010/11/13 00:17:49 $
+$Date: 2010/11/13 00:32:43 $
 <!-- timestamp end -->

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