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trans-coord/gnun server/gnun/ChangeLog server/g...

From: Yavor Doganov
Subject: trans-coord/gnun server/gnun/ChangeLog server/g...
Date: Sat, 29 Mar 2008 15:02:00 +0000

CVSROOT:        /cvsroot/trans-coord
Module name:    trans-coord
Changes by:     Yavor Doganov <yavor>   08/03/29 15:02:00

Modified files:
        gnun/server/gnun: ChangeLog 
Added files:
        gnun/copyleft  : copyleft.html 

Log message:
        (ALL_DIRS): Add `copyleft'.
        (copyleft): New variable, define to `copyleft'.


Index: server/gnun/ChangeLog
RCS file: /cvsroot/trans-coord/trans-coord/gnun/server/gnun/ChangeLog,v
retrieving revision 1.60
retrieving revision 1.61
diff -u -b -r1.60 -r1.61
--- server/gnun/ChangeLog       25 Mar 2008 05:48:19 -0000      1.60
+++ server/gnun/ChangeLog       29 Mar 2008 15:02:00 -0000      1.61
@@ -1,3 +1,8 @@
+2008-03-29  Yavor Doganov  <address@hidden>
+       * (ALL_DIRS): Add `copyleft'.
+       (copyleft): New variable, define to `copyleft'.
 2008-03-25  Yavor Doganov  <address@hidden>
        * (HOME_LINGUAS): Add `ru'.

Index: server/gnun/
RCS file: /cvsroot/trans-coord/trans-coord/gnun/server/gnun/,v
retrieving revision 1.11
retrieving revision 1.12
diff -u -b -r1.11 -r1.12
--- server/gnun/ 25 Mar 2008 05:48:19 -0000      1.11
+++ server/gnun/ 29 Mar 2008 15:02:00 -0000      1.12
@@ -25,7 +25,8 @@
 ### The variables below are edited by GNUN maintainers. ###
-ALL_DIRS :=    fun/jokes \
+ALL_DIRS :=    copyleft \
+               fun/jokes \
                gnu \
                licenses \
                philosophy \
@@ -34,6 +35,8 @@
 ROOT :=                keepingup \
+copyleft :=    copyleft
 fun/jokes :=   declarations
 gnu :=         gnu \

Index: copyleft/copyleft.html
RCS file: copyleft/copyleft.html
diff -N copyleft/copyleft.html
--- /dev/null   1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 -0000
+++ copyleft/copyleft.html      29 Mar 2008 15:02:00 -0000      1.1
@@ -0,0 +1,228 @@
+<!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
+<title>What is Copyleft? - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF)</title>
+<meta http-equiv="Keywords" content="GNU, FSF, Free Software Foundation, 
Linux, Copyleft" />
+<!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
+<h2>What is Copyleft?</h2>
+<em>Copyleft</em> is a general method for making a program or
+other work free, and requiring all modified and extended versions of the
+program to be free as well.</p>
+The simplest way to make a program free software is to put it in the
+<a href="/philosophy/categories.html#PublicDomainSoftware">public
+domain</a>, uncopyrighted.  This allows people to
+share the program and their improvements, if they are so minded.  But
+it also allows uncooperative people to convert the program into
+<a href="/philosophy/categories.html#ProprietarySoftware">proprietary
+software</a>.  They can make changes, many or few,
+and distribute the result as a proprietary product.  People who
+receive the program in that modified form do not have the freedom that
+the original author gave them; the middleman has stripped it away.</p>
+In the <a href="/gnu/thegnuproject.html">GNU project</a>, our aim is
+to give <em>all</em> users the freedom to redistribute and change GNU
+software.  If middlemen could strip off the freedom, we might have
+many users, but those users would not have freedom.  So instead of
+putting GNU software in the public domain, we &ldquo;copyleft&rdquo;
+it.  Copyleft says that anyone who redistributes the software, with or
+without changes, must pass along the freedom to further copy and
+change it.  Copyleft guarantees that every user has freedom.</p>
+Copyleft also provides an
+<a href="/philosophy/pragmatic.html">incentive</a>
+for other programmers to add to free software.
+Important free programs such as the GNU C++ compiler exist
+only because of this.</p>
+Copyleft also helps programmers who want to contribute
+<a href="/prep/tasks.html">improvements</a> to
+<a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a> get permission to
+do that.  These programmers often work for companies or universities
+that would do almost anything to get more money.  A programmer may
+want to contribute her changes to the community, but her employer may
+want to turn the changes into a proprietary software product.</p>
+When we explain to the employer that it is illegal to distribute the
+improved version except as free software, the employer usually decides
+to release it as free software rather than throw it away.</p>
+To copyleft a program, we first state that it is copyrighted; then we
+add distribution terms, which are a legal instrument that gives
+everyone the rights to use, modify, and redistribute the program's
+code <em>or any program derived from it</em> but only if the
+distribution terms are unchanged.  Thus, the code and the freedoms
+become legally inseparable.</p>
+Proprietary software developers use copyright to take away the users'
+freedom; we use copyright to guarantee their freedom.  That's why we
+reverse the name, changing &ldquo;copyright&rdquo; into
+Copyleft is a general concept; there are many ways to fill in the
+details.  In the GNU Project, the specific distribution terms that we
+use are contained in the
+<a href="/copyleft/gpl.html">GNU General Public License (available in
+HTML</a>, <a href="/copyleft/gpl.txt">text</a>, and
+<a href="/copyleft/gpl.texi">Texinfo</a> format).  The GNU General
+Public License is often called the GNU GPL for short. There is also a
+<a href="/copyleft/gpl-faq.html">Frequently Asked Questions</a> page
+about the GNU GPL.  You can also read about
+<a href="/copyleft/why-assign.html">why the FSF gets copyright
+assignments from contributors</a>.</p>
+An alternate form of copyleft, the <a href="/copyleft/lesser.html">GNU
+Lesser General Public License (LGPL) (available in HTML</a>, <a
+href="/copyleft/lesser.txt">text</a>, and <a
+href="/copyleft/lesser.texi">Texinfo</a> format), applies to a few (but not
+all) GNU libraries. To learn more about properly using the LGPL, please
+read the article <a href="/philosophy/why-not-lgpl.html"><cite>Why you
+shouldn't use the Lesser GPL for your next library</cite></a>.</p>
+The <a href="/copyleft/fdl.html">GNU Free Documentation License (FDL)
+(available in HTML</a>, <a href="/copyleft/fdl.txt">text</a> and
+<a href="/copyleft/fdl.texi">Texinfo)</a> is a form of copyleft intended
+for use on a manual, textbook or other document to assure everyone the
+effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without
+modifications, either commercially or noncommercially.</p>
+The appropriate license is included in many manuals and in each GNU
+source code distribution.</p>
+All these licenses are designed so that you can easily apply them to
+your own works, assuming you are the copyright holder.  You don't have
+to modify the license to do this, just include a copy of the license
+in the work, and add notices in the source files that refer properly
+to the license.</p>
+Using the same distribution terms for many different programs makes it
+easy to copy code between various different programs.  Since they all
+have the same distribution terms, there is no need to think about
+whether the terms are compatible.  The Lesser GPL includes a
+provision that lets you alter the distribution terms to the ordinary
+GPL, so that you can copy code into another program covered by the
+If you would like to copyleft your program with the GNU GPL or the GNU
+LGPL, please see the <a href="/copyleft/gpl-howto.html">license
+instructions page</a> for advice.  Please note that you must use the entire
+text of our licenses, if you use one.  Each is an integral whole, and
+partial copies are not permitted.</p>
+If you would like to copyleft your manual with the GNU FDL, please
+see the instructions at the
+<a href="/copyleft/fdl.html#SEC4">end</a> of the FDL text, and
+the <a href="/copyleft/fdl-howto.html">GFDL instructions page</a>.  Again,
+partial copies are not permitted.</p>
+<!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
+<div id="footer">
+Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to 
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
+There are also <a href="/contact/">other ways to contact</a> 
+the FSF.
+<br />
+Please send broken links and other corrections or suggestions to
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
+Please see the 
+<a href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
+README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting
+translations of this article.
+Copyright &copy; 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,
+2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.,</p>
+<address>51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA</address>
+<p>Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is
+permitted in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.
+<!-- timestamp start -->
+$Date: 2008/03/29 15:02:00 $
+<!-- timestamp end -->
+<!-- All pages on the GNU web server should have the section about    -->
+<!-- verbatim copying.  Please do NOT remove this without talking     -->
+<!-- with the webmasters first. --> 
+<!-- Please make sure the copyright date is consistent with the document -->
+<!-- and that it is like this "2001, 2002" not this "2001-2002." -->
+<div id="translations">
+<h4>Translations of this page</h4>
+<!-- Please keep this list alphabetical, and in the original -->
+<!-- language if possible, otherwise default to English -->
+<!-- If you do not have it English, please comment what the -->
+<!-- English is.  If you add a new language here, please -->
+<!-- advise address@hidden and add it to -->
+<!--    - in /home/www/bin/nightly-vars either TAGSLANG or WEBLANG -->
+<!--    - in /home/www/html/server/standards/README.translations.html -->
+<!--      one of the lists under the section "Translations Underway" -->
+<!--    - if there is a translation team, you also have to add an alias -->
+<!--      to -->
+<!-- Please also check you have the 2 letter language code right versus -->
+<!-- -->
+<ul class="translations-list">
+<!-- Arabic -->
+<!-- Bosnian -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">Bosanski</a>&nbsp;[bs]</li>
+<!-- Czech -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/copyleft.cs.html">&#x010c;esky</a>&nbsp;[cs]</li>
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
+<!-- English -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/copyleft.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
+<!-- Spanish -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">Espa&#x00f1;ol</a>&nbsp;[es]</li>
+<!-- French -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">Fran&#x00e7;ais</a>&nbsp;[fr]</li>
+<!-- Indonesian -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">Bahasa Indonesia</a>&nbsp;[id]</li>
+<!-- Italian -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">Italiano</a>&nbsp;[it]</li>
+<!-- Japanese -->
+<!-- Polish -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">Polski</a>&nbsp;[pl]</li>
+<!-- Brazilian Portuguese -->
+<li><a href="/copyleft/">portugu&#x0ea;s do 
+<!-- Russian -->
+<!-- Tamil -->

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