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trans-coord/gnun prep/gnun/ChangeLog prep/gnun/...

From: Yavor Doganov
Subject: trans-coord/gnun prep/gnun/ChangeLog prep/gnun/...
Date: Sun, 27 Jan 2008 17:02:14 +0000

CVSROOT:        /cvsroot/trans-coord
Module name:    trans-coord
Changes by:     Yavor Doganov <yavor>   08/01/27 17:02:14

Modified files:
        gnun/prep/gnun : ChangeLog 
Added files:
        gnun/philosophy: philosophy.html 

Log message:
        * (philosophy): Add `philosophy' to test VCS=yes.


Index: prep/gnun/ChangeLog
RCS file: /cvsroot/trans-coord/trans-coord/gnun/prep/gnun/ChangeLog,v
retrieving revision 1.7
retrieving revision 1.8
diff -u -b -r1.7 -r1.8
--- prep/gnun/ChangeLog 26 Jan 2008 20:09:16 -0000      1.7
+++ prep/gnun/ChangeLog 27 Jan 2008 17:02:14 -0000      1.8
@@ -1,3 +1,7 @@
+2008-01-27  Yavor Doganov  <address@hidden>
+       * (philosophy): Add `philosophy' to test VCS=yes.
 2008-01-26  Yavor Doganov  <address@hidden>
        Complete support for VCS=(yes|always).

Index: prep/gnun/
RCS file: /cvsroot/trans-coord/trans-coord/gnun/prep/gnun/,v
retrieving revision 1.2
retrieving revision 1.3
diff -u -b -r1.2 -r1.3
--- prep/gnun/   13 Jan 2008 11:13:58 -0000      1.2
+++ prep/gnun/   27 Jan 2008 17:02:14 -0000      1.3
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 philosophy :=  bdk \
                eldred-amicus \
+               philosophy \
 ALL_DIRS :=    gnu \

Index: philosophy/philosophy.html
RCS file: philosophy/philosophy.html
diff -N philosophy/philosophy.html
--- /dev/null   1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 -0000
+++ philosophy/philosophy.html  27 Jan 2008 17:02:14 -0000      1.1
@@ -0,0 +1,1042 @@
+<!--#include virtual="/server/header.html" -->
+<title>Philosophy of the GNU Project - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation 
+<!--#include virtual="/server/banner.html" -->
+<h2>Philosophy of the GNU Project</h2>
+This directory describes the philosophy of the Free Software Movement,
+which is the motivation for our development of the free software
+operating system GNU.</p>
+<!-- please leave both these ID attributes here. ... -->
+<a id="TOCFreedomOrganizations">We</a>
+<a id="FreedomOrganizations">also</a>
+<!-- ... we removed this as an H$ section as it was duplicating the  -->
+<!-- same information on links.html, but it's possible that some users -->
+<!-- have the URLs bookmarked or on their pages. -len -->
+keep a list of
+<a href="/links/links.html#FreedomOrganizations">Organizations
+that Work for Freedom in
+Computer Development and Electronic Communications</a>.</p>
+<h3>About Free Software</h3>
+Free software is a matter of freedom: people should be free to use
+software in all the ways that are socially useful.  Software differs
+from material objects&mdash;such as chairs, sandwiches, and
+gasoline&mdash;in that it can be copied and changed much more easily.
+These possibilities make software as useful as it is; we believe
+software users should be able to make use of them.</p>
+<!-- I don't think it's good idea to link specific translation -->
+<!-- (e.g. from here.  It would be better to link them -->
+<!-- from and the original documents. -mhatta -->
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/free-sw.html">What is Free Software?</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/why-free.html">Why
+       Software Should Not Have Owners</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/shouldbefree.html">Why
+       Software Should Be Free</a>  (This is an older and longer
+       essay about the same topic as the previous one)</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/free-doc.html">Why Free Software Needs
+      Free Documentation</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/selling.html">Selling Free Software</a> is OK!</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/categories.html">Categories of Free and
+       Non-Free Software</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/software/reliability.html">Free Software is More 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/free-software-for-freedom.html">Is &ldquo;Open
+       Source&rdquo; Synonymous With &ldquo;Free Software&rdquo;?</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/linux-gnu-freedom.html">Linux, GNU, and
+       Freedom</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/gnutella.html"
+         id="Gnutella">Regarding Gnutella</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/schools.html">Why Schools Should Use
+      Exclusively Free Software</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/my_doom.html">MyDoom and You</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/15-years-of-free-software.html">15 Years of Free 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/free-software-intro.html">Free Software 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/your-freedom-needs-free-software.html">Your Freedom 
Needs Free Software</a></li>
+<h3 id="aboutgnu">About the GNU Project</h3>
+  <li><a href="/gnu/initial-announcement.html">Initial announcement of
+       the GNU Project</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/gnu/manifesto.html">The GNU Manifesto</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/gnu/gnu-history.html">Brief history of the GNU Project</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/gnu/thegnuproject.html">The GNU Project</a>,
+      a longer and more complete description of the project and its
+      history.</li>
+  <li><a href="/fsf/fsf.html">What is the Free Software Foundation?</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/gnu/why-gnu-linux.html">Why GNU/Linux?</a></li>
+<h3 id="LicensingFreeSoftware">Licensing Free Software</h3>
+  <li><a href="/licenses/licenses.html">General information on licensing and 
+  <li><a href="/licenses/license-list.html">A list of specific free software 
+  <li><a href="/licenses/gpl-faq.html">Frequently Asked Questions About the 
GNU Licenses</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/licenses/why-not-lgpl.html">Why You Shouldn't Use the Lesser 
GPL for Your Next Library</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/copyleft/copyleft.html">Copyleft</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/why-copyleft.html">Why Copyleft?</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/university.html">Releasing Free Software if You 
Work at a University</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/pragmatic.html">Copyleft: Pragmatic 
+  <li><a href="";>Censorship 
envy and licensing</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/x.html">The X Window System Trap</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/apsl.html">The Problems of the Apple 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/bsd.html">The BSD License Problem</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/netscape-npl.html">The Netscape Public License Has 
Serious Problems</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/udi.html">The Free Software Movement and 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/microsoft.html">Is Microsoft the Great 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/microsoft-antitrust.html">The Microsoft Antitrust 
Trial and Free Software</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/microsoft-verdict.html">On the Microsoft 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/microsoft-new-monopoly.html">Microsoft's New 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/plan-nine.html" id="PlanNineLicense">The Problems 
of the Plan 9 License</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/motif.html" id="MotifLicense">The New Motif 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/using-gfdl.html" id="UsingGFDL">Using the GNU 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/gpl-american-way.html" id="GPLAmericanWay">The GNU 
GPL and the American Way</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/gpl-american-dream.html" id="GPLAmericanDream">The 
GNU GPL and the American Dream</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/enforcing-gpl.html" id="EnforcingGPL">Enforcing the 
GNU GPL</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/freedom-or-power.html" id="FreedomOrPower">Freedom 
or Power?</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/no-word-attachments.html" id="NoWordAttachments">We 
Can Put an End to Word Attachments</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/java-trap.html" id="JavaTrap">Free But
+    Shackled - The Java Trap</a> (Although as of December 2006 Sun is in the 
middle of
+  <a href="";>rereleasing its 
Java platform
+    under GNU GPL</a>, the issue described in this article still remains 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/fighting-software-patents.html" 
id="FightingSoftwarePatents">Fighting Software Patents - Singly and 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/software-literary-patents.html" 
+      Software Patents and Literary Patents</a>, by Richard M. Stallman,
+      speaking of patenting artistic techniques, US patent (6,935,954)
+      covers making game characters start to hallucinate when (according to
+      the game) they are being driven insane. That is getting pretty close
+      to the hypothetical examples cited in this article.
+  </li>
+<h3 id="Laws">Laws and Issues</h3>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/computing-progress.html">Computing
+  &ldquo;progress&rdquo;: good and bad</a>, by Richard M. Stallman.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/why-audio-format-matters.html">Why Audio Format 
matters</a> by Karl Fogel</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/no-ip-ethos.html">
+      Don't Let &ldquo;Intellectual Property&rdquo; Twist Your Ethos</a>,
+    by Richard M. Stallman.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/sun-in-night-time.html">The Curious Incident of Sun 
in the Night-Time</a>,
+    by Richard M. Stallman.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/opposing-drm.html">Opposing Digital Rights 
+    by Dr. Richard M. Stallman, answers a few common questions about DRM.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>
+      Why We Need &ldquo;Free Software&rdquo; Voting Machines</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/wsis.html">World Summit on the Information
+      Society</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/w3c-patent.html">FSF's Position on W3
+      Consortium &ldquo;Royalty-Free&rdquo; Patent Policy</a> rewritten</li>
+  <li>Comments from Richard Stallman on <a href="/philosophy/ipjustice.html">
+      the ICLC's rejection of the IP Enforcement Directive</a></li>
+  <li>Richard Stallman has written <a href="/philosophy/boldrin-levine.html">
+      a review of Boldrin and Levine's &ldquo;The case against
+      intellectual property.&rdquo;</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/sco/sco-gnu-linux.html">SCO, GNU, and Linux</a>,
+      by Richard Stallman, discusses how SCO's lawsuit against IBM pertains to 
+      work of the GNU project.  Please see the <a 
+      FSF SCO Response Page</a> for more details on this subject.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/guardian-article.html">That's fighting talk</a>
+      a slightly modified version of the article, originally published in
+      <a href="";>The Guardian</a> of London by
+      <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a> and Nick 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/ebooks.html">Ebooks: Freedom Or Copyright</a>
+      a slightly modified version of the article, originally published in
+      Technology Review in 2000, by <a href="";>
+      Richard Stallman</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/lessig-fsfs-intro.html">The introduction by
+      Lawrence Lessig</a> to <a href="/doc/book13.html"><i>Free Software, Free
+      Society: The Selected Essays of Richard M. Stallman</i></a> is available
+      for reading.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/misinterpreting-copyright.html">Misinterpreting
+      Copyright</a> is another essay by <a 
+      Stallman</a> about the flaws in popular defenses of copyright law.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/can-you-trust.html">Can you trust your
+      computer?</a>, a work by <a href="";>Richard
+      Stallman</a> about the so-called &ldquo;trusted computing&rdquo;
+      initiatives.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/eldred-amicus.html">FSF's Brief Amicus Curiae
+      in the Eldred v. Ashcroft Supreme Court case</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/push-copyright-aside.html">Science must
+      &ldquo;push copyright aside&rdquo;</a>, another work
+      of <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a> that
+      appeared in the
+      <a 
+      Nature Webdebates</a> in 2001, explains how copyright is
+      impeding progress in scientific research.
+      <ul>
+        <li>You may also be interested in
+          <a href="";>The Public Library of
+            Science</a>, which is dedicated to making scientific research 
+          available to all on the Internet.</li>
+        <li>A
+          <a 
+            article</a> describes how the principal scientific organizations
+          of Germany have issued a joint declaration in support of the
+          provision of free scientific information over the Internet.</li>
+  </ul></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/ms-doj-tunney.html">FSF's Statement in Response
+      to Proposed Revised Final Judgment in Microsoft vs. United States,
+      submitted to the US Department of Justice under the Tunney Act</a>.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/new-monopoly.html">U.S. Congress Threatens to
+  Establish a New Kind of Monopoly</a>, an attempt of the Congress to
+  create a private monopoly over repeating publicly known
+  information.</li>
+  <li>In <a 
+      v. RIAA</a>, scientists are asking a court to rule that the Digital
+    Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) does not prohibit them from publishing
+    their research.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>EFF
+    &ldquo;Intellectual Property: MPAA (Motion Picture
+    Association of America) DVD Cases&rdquo; Archive</a></li>
+  <!-- This link is broken
+       <li><a href="";>Examples of 
Excellent Copyright Policies</a></li>
+       -->
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/reevaluating-copyright.html">Reevaluating
+        Copyright: The Public must prevail</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/right-to-read.html">The Right to Read: A Dystopian
+       Short Story</a> by
+       <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a></li>
+  <li><a href="";>Eldred
+       v. Reno</a> is about a lawsuit to overturn a law that extends
+       copyright by 20 extra years.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/wassenaar.html">Encryption
+       software volunteers needed in countries without export control</a>.</li>
+  <li>How to Protect the <a href="/philosophy/protecting.html">Right to Write
+      Software</a> (independent of whether it's free or not)</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/dat.html">The Right Way to Tax DAT</a></li>
+  <li>How to Protect the
+       <a href="/philosophy/basic-freedoms.html">Freedoms
+       of Speech, Press, and Association</a>
+       on the Internet</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/censoring-emacs.html">Censoring My
+      Software</a>, by <a href="";>Richard
+      Stallman</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/privacyaction.html">Protect Postal
+  Privacy</a>, a campaign to resist the proposed rule by the United
+  States Postal Service to collect private information from
+  customers.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/patent-reform-is-not-enough.html">Patent Reform
+       Is Not Enough</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/savingeurope.html">Saving Europe from
+       Software Patents</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/amazon.html">Boycott Amazon!</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/ucita.html">Why We Must Fight UCITA</a></li>
+  <li><a 
+      A world with UCITA may allow fine print to outweigh the right thing</a>
+      by Ed Foster <a 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/freedom-or-copyright.html">Freedom-Or
+       Copyright?</a> by <a href="";>Richard 
+  <li><a href="";
+       id="SequentialIPandI">Sequential
+       Innovation, Patents, and Imitation</a> is a paper that presents a
+       mathematical model showing how patents can
+       impede progress in fields like software.</li>
+   <li><a href="copyright-versus-community.html" id="StallmanTalkLSM">
+       Copyright versus community in the age of computer networks</a>:
+       is a verbatim transcript of a talk by <a href="";>
+       Richard Stallman</a> at the Logiciel Libre Conference in July 2000.</li>
+   <li><a href="/philosophy/hague.html">Harm from the Hague</a>.</li>
+   <li><a 
+       An English translation</a> of the famous decision of the District Court 
of Munich (Germany) regarding the
+       enforceability and validity of the GPL. The translation was done by the 
Oxford Internet Institute.</li>
+   <li><a href="/philosophy/not-ipr.html">Did You Say &ldquo;Intellectual 
+       It's a Seductive Mirage</a>. An essay on the true meaning of
+       the phrase &ldquo;Intellectual Property&rdquo;, by Richard M. 
+   <li><a href="/philosophy/second-sight.html">Free Software and
+   (e-)Government</a> - an article from The Guardian, by Richard
+   Stallman (originally published under the title &ldquo;Second 
+   <li><a
+   href=";id=967";>
+   Free Software and Sustainable Development</a> - A short article by
+   Richard Stallman regarding the use of proprietary software in
+   cultural development.</li>
+   <li><a 
+       Soft sell</a>. An article by Richard M. Stallman published in
+       <a href="";>The Guardian</a>.</li>
+   <li><a 
+       Patent absurdity</a>, an article by Richard M. Stallman published in
+       <a href="";>The Guardian</a>.</li>
+   <li><a href="/philosophy/trivial-patent.html">The Anatomy of a Trivial 
+       by Richard M. Stallman.</li>
+<h3 id="terminology">Terminology and Definitions</h3>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html">Confusing Words</a>
+       which You Might Want to Avoid</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/free-software-for-freedom.html">&ldquo;Open
+       Source Software&rdquo; or &ldquo;Free Software&rdquo;</a>?</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html">Why
+       &ldquo;Open Source&rdquo; misses the point of Free Software</a></li>
+  <li>Richard Stallman wrote <a href="/philosophy/drdobbs-letter.html">letter 
to the editor</a> of
+       Dr. Dobb's Journal in June which further explains the distinction
+       between the Free Software and Open Source movements.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/categories.html">Categories of Free and
+       Non-Free Software</a></li>
+<h3 id="upholding">Upholding Software Freedom</h3>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/use-free-software.html">The Free Software Community 
After 20 Years</a>,
+       With great but incomplete success, what now?</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/mcvoy.html">Thank You, Larry McVoy</a> by Richard 
M. Stallman</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/social-inertia.html">Overcoming Social
+  Inertia</a>, by Richard M. Stallman</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/gif.html">Why there are no GIF files on GNU web 
pages</a>, While this
+       story is a historical illustration of the danger of software patents, 
these particular
+       patents are now no longer a concern. For details of our website <a 
href="/server/fsf-html-style-sheet.html#UseofGraphics">policies regarding 
GIFs</a>, see our web <a href="/server/standards/">web guidelines</a>.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/motivation.html">Studies Find Reward Often No 
+<h3 id="speeches">Speeches and Interviews (in reverse chronological
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/rms-kol.html">Transcript of a speech</a> given by 
<a href="";>
+  Richard Stallman</a> in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) on August, 2006.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Jonathan
+  Roberts interviews Richard Stallman and others</a> on free software.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Bill
+  Xu interviews Richard Stallman on DRM</a>. You can also read
+  it <a href="";>in
+  Chinese</a>.</li>
+  <li>Eben Moglen, <a href="";>&ldquo;Free
+  Software and Free Media&rdquo;</a>, at the Jefferson Market Library
+  in New York, New York, May 3, 2006 for the Metropolitan NY Chapter
+  of the Internet Society</li>
+  <li><a 
+      Richard Stallman interviewed</a> by Justin Podur on &ldquo;Free
+      Software as a Social Movement&rdquo;, 01 December 2005</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Richard Stallman 
+      by Federico Biancuzzi for, 22 September 2005</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Presentation of the goals
+     and philosophy of the GNU operating system</a> by
+     <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a> in
+     University of Pittsburgh, April 7th 2005 </li>
+  <li><a href="";>Richard Stallman</a>'s
+        <a  
+    interview</a> with Timothy R. Butler, 31 March 2005.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/nit-india.html">Transcript of a speech</a> given by
+    <a href="";>Richard M. Stallman</a> at
+    National Institute of Technology, Trichy, India, 17 February 2004.</li>
+<li><a href="";>Richard Stallman</a>'s <a 
 with</a> (In French) 10 December 2004</li>
+  <li><a href="patent-practice-panel.html">Transcript of a panel
+    presentation</a>, &ldquo;New developments in patent practice:
+    assessing the risks and cost of portfolio licensing and
+    hold-ups&rdquo;, given by Daniel B. Ravicher as the executive
+    director of the Public Patent Foundation on Wednesday, November
+    10, 2004, at a conference organized by the Foundation for a Free
+    Information Infrastructure (FFII) in Brussels, Belgium</li>
+<li><a href="";>Synopsis 
of a speech</a> given by <a href="";>Richard M. 
Stallman</a> about software patents on 14 October 2004.</li>
+<li><a href=""; >
+    Web page with interviews/audio/video from speeches in Madrid (May 2004)</a>
+    given by <a href="";>Richard M. Stallman</a> (site 
is in Spanish)
+    </li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/moglen-harvard-speech-2004.html" >
+    Transcript of a speech</a> given by <a 
href=""; >Prof. Eben Moglen</a>
+    at Harvard on 23 February, 2004.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/wsis-2003.html">Transcript of a speech</a> given by
+    <a href="";>Richard M. Stallman</a> at WSIS, 16 July 
+<li><a href="/philosophy/rieti.html">Transcript of a speech</a> given by
+    <a href="";>Richard M. Stallman</a>, 21 April 
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#RUTGERS2003">Audio recording of a
+    speech, <cite>Software Freedom and the GNU Generation</cite>, given by
+    Bradley M. Kuhn</a> 22 April 2003.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#CAMB2002">Audio recording of a
+    speech, <cite>Software Patents:Obstacles to software development</cite>, 
given by
+    Richard M. Stallman at the University of Cambridge, England</a> 25th March 
2002.  A <a
+    href="";>transcript of 
+    speech</a> is also available.</li>
+<li><a href="";>Richard Stallman</a> interview in 2002, 
talking about <a href="/philosophy/rms-hack.html">the hacker community and 
+</a>, this interview is also <a 
href="";>available in Finnish</a>.</li>
+<li><a href="";>Richard Stallman</a>'s <a 
+    interview, <cite>Perch&eacute; l'open source non &egrave; tutto</cite>, in 
italian,</a> to the Mytech website, 22 April 2003.  (The title reads, 
<cite>Because Open Source is not all</cite>.)</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#QMUL2002">Audio recording of a
+    speech, <cite>Copyright vs Community in the age of computer 
Networks</cite>, given by
+    Richard M. Stallman at Queen Mary University of London, England</a> 12th 
Feb 2002.</li>
+  recording in French of a speech, <cite>l'&eacute;thique du
+  syst&egrave;me GNU/Linux et de la communaut&eacute; des logiciels
+  libres, les t&acirc;ches &agrave; accomplir et les risques &agrave;
+  envisager</cite>, given by Richard M. Stallman at CNIT &agrave; la
+  D&eacute;fense, Paris, France.</a> 27th Jan 2002.  (A number of other
+  speeches in several languages are also available on <a
+  href="";></a>.</li>
+<li><a href="";>Audio 
recordings and a partial transcript</a> of the conference given by <a 
href="";>Richard M. Stallman</a> to the French National 
Assembly on 20th November 2001.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/stallman-mec-india.html">Transcript of the speech, 
<cite>The Danger of Software Patents</cite></a> by <a 
href="";>Richard M. Stallman</a> given at Government 
Model Engineering College, India on 24th July 2001.  Also, the MEC has posted 
an <a href="";>audio recording and 
transcript</a> at their website.</li>
+<li><a href="";>Richard Stallman</a>'s
+        <a  href="/philosophy/luispo-rms-interview.html">interview</a> with 
+    Suarez-Potts in May of 2001.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#NYU2001">Audio recording of a
+    speech, <cite>Free Software: Freedom and Cooperation</cite>, given by
+    Richard M. Stallman at New York University</a>.  A <a
+    href="/events/rms-nyu-2001-transcript.html">transcript of the
+    speech</a> is also available.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/copyright-and-globalization.html">Transcript of
+    a speech, <cite>Copyright and Globalization in the Age of Computer
+    Networks</cite>, given by Richard M. Stallman at MIT</a>.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#MIT2001">Audio
+    recording of a speech, <cite>Copyright and Globalization in the
+    Age of Computer Networks</cite>, given by Richard M. Stallman at 
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#ArsDigita2001">Audio
+    recording of a speech, <cite>The Free Software Movement and the
+    GNU/Linux Operating System</cite>, given by Richard M. Stallman at
+    ArsDigita University</a>.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#SLOV2000">Audio
+    recording of a speech, <cite>The Free Software Movement and the
+    GNU/Linux Operating System</cite>, given by Richard M. Stallman at
+    Auditorium Smelt, Ljubljana, Slovenia</a>.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#LinuxTag2000">Audio
+    recording of a speech, <cite>The Free Software Movement and the
+    GNU/Linux Operating System</cite>, given by Richard M. Stallman at
+    LinuxTag 2000</a>.</li>
+<li><a href="/philosophy/audio/audio.html#CGLUG2000">Audio
+    recording of a speech, <cite>The Free Software Movement and the
+    GNU/Linux Operating System</cite>, given by Richard M. Stallman at
+    the University of Cincinnati</a>.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Interview
+       from Linux Magazine</a> in July 1999
+       with <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a></li>
+<!--   <li><a href="";>The Road to GNU</a></li> -->
+<!-- These links are broken, and need to be replaced.
+  <li><a href="";>Richard Stallman</a>'s
+       <a 
+       with LinuxWorld about the problems with software patents.</li>
+  <li><a 
+       with
+       <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a></li>
+  <li><a 
href="";>Transcription (in 
French)</a> of a
+       speech that
+       <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a>
+       gave in 1998 at the University of
+       Paris.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/greve-clown.en.html">English translation of a
+       speech</a>
+        that Georg Greve
+       gave in 1998 at the GNU/Linux Cluster &ldquo;CLOWN&rdquo; in Germany
+       (<a href="/philosophy/">German original</a>)</li>
+  <li><a href="/gnu/byte-interview.html">BYTE Interview</a>
+       in July 1986 with
+       <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a></li>
+  <li>A
+       <a href="/philosophy/stallman-kth.html">speech</a>
+        that
+       <a href="";>Richard Stallman</a>
+       gave in 1986 at the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden</li>
+<li>An <a href="";>index of French 
recordings at</a> is also available.</li>
+<h3 id="ThirdPartyIdeas">Third Party Ideas</h3>
+These articles give other people's philosophical
+opinions in support of free software, or related issues, and don't
+speak for the GNU project &mdash; but we more or less agree with them.</p>
+Many of the
+<a href="/links/links.html#FreedomOrganizations">Organizations that Work
+for Freedom in Computer Development and Electronic Communications</a>
+also have philosophical opinions in support of free software, or
+related issues.</p>
+  <li><a href="";></a>
+  is a web site about the history and effects of copyright, dedicated
+  to raise awareness of the harmful consequences of today's copyright
+  system.</li>
+  <li>
+    <a 
+       How Vista Lets Microsoft Lock Users In</a> by Cory Doctorow.
+       <b>Note:</b> We think it is a mistake to use the enemy's 
favorable-sounding propaganda terms such as
+       &ldquo;trusted computing&rdquo; to describe a malicious plan.
+  </li>
+  <li>
+    <a href="";></a>,
+    Scott Carpenter's blog with many freedom-related articles.
+  </li>
+  <li>
+    <a href="";>A couple of lessons on the 
hazards of proprietary software</a>.
+  </li>
+  <li>
+    <a 
+      Multiple doctors cut off from records by Dr. Notes
+    </a>,
+    an example of how proprietary software gives the developers unjust power 
over the users.
+  </li>
+  <li>Jimmy Wales explains why
+   <a 
+  Free Knowledge requires Free Software and Free File Formats</a> in this 
paper. He also exposes why
+  <a href="";>Wikipedia</a> needs to be free 
+  <li><a href="";>Software 
patents under the
+      magnifying glass</a>. In this article the author uses arguments
+      based on lambda calculus to show why software cannot be patented.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Free gadgets need free
+      software</a>, an editorial reporting a firmware &ldquo;upgrade&rdquo; 
+      removes the ability to record radio broadcasts.</li>
+  <li>Lakhani and Wolf's <a 
href="";>paper on the 
motivation of free software developers</a> says that a considerable fraction 
are motivated by the view that software should be free.  This was despite the 
fact that they surveyed the developers on SourceForge, a site that does not 
support the view that this is an ethical issue.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Groklaw
+  sends a Dear Darl letter</a>; a group from the free software and
+  open source community has put together a response to SCO CEO Darl
+  McBride's Open Letter to the Open Source Community.</li>
+  <li><a 
+  We disagree with one aspect of this article's conclusion:
+  It's not legitimate for Microsoft to help Disney and the RIAA
+  impose Digital Restrictions Management on you, any more than
+  it is legitimate for Disney and the RIAA to try it.
+  The full power of computing should be available to you,
+  not just to the owners of information.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>The Brazilian 
Federal Goverment sponsored a national Free Software Movement</a> in Brazil. 
This article is in Brazilian Porteguese.</li>
+<li>The SCO Sue Me Petition has overwhelmed its inceptor
+and the petition is no longer taking votes. The author
+of the petition, John Everitt, was expecting only several
+responses but instead he had thousands of participants. <a
+href="";>In the
+last available public communication about the petition</a>, he
+urged people to help <a href="";>FSF</a> in any
+way possible.</li>
+  <li><a 
Alberto Conde's answer</a> to CESSI regarding Bill E-135/02-03 which proposes 
use of Free Software in the public sector for the province of Buenos Aires. <a 
href="";>The bill</a> has 
been submitted by Senator Alberto Conde himself.</li>
+  <li> Some economists argue that copyright and patents
+        <a href="";> fail to
+promote the progress</a> that they supposedly exist to promote.
+This article takes a narrowly economic view of its subject, measuring
+social alternatives only by what goods are available for what price,
+assuming that you the citizen are a mere consumer and place no value
+on your freedom in itself.  It also uses the misleading term
+property&rdquo;</a>, which is misleading because it lumps copyrights and
+patents together.  The article also lumps them together, which it can
+get away with because it ignores the (different) social issues that
+copyrights and patents raise.
+Despite those flaws, it is significant. If one can judge copyright to
+be harmful even on narrow economic terms, disregarding the ethical
+wrong of stopping people from sharing, it can only be more harmful
+once we consider the ethics as well.
+  <li>Two articles by Duncan Campbell describe how NSA backdoors were
+  hidden in proprietary software programs:
+  <a href="";>&ldquo;Only 
NSA can
+  listen, so that's OK&rdquo;</a> and <a
+  href="";>&ldquo;How NSA
+  access was built into Windows&rdquo;</a>.  Both are clear demonstrations of 
+  users of proprietary software can often be unaware of what they are
+  actually running.</li>
+  <li><a 
+  C.P.U.&rdquo;</a> by Harry Hillman Chartrand is a good summary of the 
history of
+  copyright.</li>
+  <li>Malla Pollack's
+  <a 
+  is Congress Supposed to Promote?&rdquo;</a> explains how the United States'
+  government's recent tendencies to provide maximum control to copyright
+  holders defies the justification for establishment of copyright set out
+  in the constitution.</li>
+  <li>Mikael Pawlo's
+  <a 
+  lemon law with bitter taste&rdquo;</a> explains how a &ldquo;lemon 
law&rdquo; for software
+  could threaten free software development.</li>
+  <li>Peruvian Congressman Dr. Edgar David Villanueva Nu&ntilde;ez wrote a
+  letter to a Microsoft manager after they wrote expressing concern about
+  the country's pending Free Software in Public Administration bill.  It
+  does an excellent job of allaying concerns about free software often
+  raised by Microsoft and others.  The English translation of the letter is
+  <a href="";>here</a>.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>British historian
+  Thomas Macaulay</a> had ideas about copyright in 1841 which still hold
+  true today.</li>
+  <!-- Removed temporarily until we find out why it's not available, RT #330232
+  <li><a href="";></a> is a site
+  devoted to providing information about the European Copyright
+  Directive and similar legislation.  It concentrates on the two
+  principal problems of the EUCD, which make it easier for copyright
+  holders to censor webpages on ISPs and give legal protection to
+  copy-protection measures.</li> -->
+  <li><a href="";>Chilling Effects</a> is
+  a collection point for cease and desist notices concerning online
+  activity &mdash; we invite visitors to enter C&amp;Ds they have
+  received or sent.  The website collects the C&amp;Ds in a searchable
+  database and hyperlinks them to explanations of the legal
+  issues.</li>
+  <li><a
+  href="";>
+  Coding is a Crime</a>, by Shannon Cochran, is a commentary on the indictment
+  of Jon Johansen on felony charges for helping write DeCSS.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>The Second Enclosure Movement
+  and the Construction of the Public Domain.</a>, by James Boyle.</li>
+  <li><a 
+  Property: The Attack on Public Space in Cyberspace</a>, by Howard Besser,
+  describes how various industries are using their leverage with copyright
+  to make fewer locations on the Internet less and less public.</li>
+  <li><a 
+  Copyright Within the First Amendment Skein,&rdquo;</a>, by Neil W. Netanel,
+  argues that the United States court system has been wrong in its dated
+  assumption that fair use eliminates the conflict between copyright law
+  and the First Amendment.</li>
+  <li>Richard Stallman co-signed
+  <a href="";>a joint
+  statement responding to comments by Craig Mundie of Microsoft</a>.</li>
+  <li>In <cite><a href="/philosophy/dmarti-patent.html">Patent Reform
+          Now!</a></cite>, Don Marti calls for free software supporters to
+          nominate Richard M. Stallman to US Patent and Trademark Office's
+          Patent Public Advisory Committee.</li>
+"The GNU Project FTP Site: A Digital Collection Supporting a Social
+Movement" is no longer at
+<!-- brokien line -neel
+  <li><a 
+       discriminates against students using GNU/Linux.
+       One part of their justification is supporting the power of
+       software owners.</a></li>
+  <li><a 
+<!-- broken link -mohit
+  <li><a href="";>The Hacker 
Anti-Defamation League</a></li>
+  <li><a 
+       Them And Weep</a>, by Simson Garfinkel, talks about the
+       pending bills that would give information owners sweeping new powers,
+       and restrict the activities of users.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/nonsoftware-copyleft.html">Applying Copyleft To
+    Non-Software Information</a>, by Michael Stutz.</li>
+  <li><a href="free-world.html">Only
+       the Free World Can Stand Up to Microsoft</a>, by Tom Hull.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>The
+       Free Music Philosophy</a>, by Ram Samudrala.</li>
+  <li>Record companies argue for more copyright power by saying they are
+    the support of the musicians.
+    <a href="";>This article</a> shows
+    how record companies really treat musicians.</li>
+  <!-- the original link was not working, rms suggested i
+       make a temporary link -neel
+  -->
+  <li><a href="";>The Manifesto:
+       Piracy is Your Friend</a>, by Jaron Lanier.
+       <br />
+       <strong>Note</strong> that the GNU Project recommends
+       <a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html">avoiding</a> the term
+       <a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Piracy">piracy</a> since
+       it implies that sharing copies is somehow illegitimate.</li>
+  <li><a 
+       primer on the ethics of &ldquo;Intellectual property&rdquo;</a>, by Ram 
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/self-interest.html">Is Self-Interest Sufficient to
+       Organize an Free Economy?</a> by Loyd Fueston.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/kragen-software.html">People, places, things and 
ideas</a> by Kragen Sitaker</li>
+  <li><a href="";>The Libertarian Case
+       Against Intellectual Property Rights</a> by Roderick T. Long
+       <br />
+       The Free Software Movement does not endorse Libertarianism, and
+       <a href="/philosophy/rms-comment-longs-article.html">we do
+       not agree entirely</a> with that article.  But it is useful for
+       refuting
+       one specific argument that is made in favor of proprietary 
+  <li><a href="";>Articles
+       in Spanish about free software issues</a></li>
+  <li><a href="";>Anarchism
+       Triumphant:
+       Free Software and the Death of Copyright</a></li>
+Imagined Electronic Community: Representations of Virtual Community in
+Contemporary Business Discourse is no longer at
+  <li><a href="";>The 
+       and Rebirth of Plagiarism</a> by Rodney Riegle.
+       (We don't entirely agree with this article&mdash;we think there is no
+       harm in asking people to make some extra effort
+       to write &ldquo;footnotes&rdquo; to give credit.)</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Save the Web</a> is a website
+       devoted to protecting Internet users rights in Europe.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/economics_frank/frank.html">Does Studying
+       Economics Inhibit Cooperation?</a> by Frank, Gilovich, and Regan.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Development,
+       Ethical Trading, and Free Software</a> by Danny Yee.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/bdk.html">THE BALLAD OF DENNIS KARJALA</a>:
+       A political comment in the form of a broadside ballad
+       by Timothy R. Phillips.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/ICT-for-prosperity.html">Shaping
+       Collaborative ICT Development and Initiatives for Global
+       Prosperity</a> by Robert J. Chassell</li>
+  <li><a 
+       Competitive Advantages of Free Software</a> by Alexandre Oliva.</li>
+  <li><a href="";
+       id="PatentgrantundertheGPL">Patent grant under the GPL</a>.</li>
+  <li><a 
+       id="ConceptofCopyrightFightsMarkoff">The
+       Concept of Copyright Fights for Internet Survival</a> by John
+       Markoff.</li>
+  <li><a id="TheRealPurposeOfCopyrightBerry"
+       Real Purpose of Copyright</a> by John N. Berry III.</li>
+  <li><a id="Copyrightfire" href="/philosophy/fire.html">Copyrighting Fire! 
(Humor)</a> by Ian Clarke.</li>
+  <li><a 
id="INFOTECH">The Future Brings &ldquo;Infirmation Technology&rdquo;</a> by
+       Andy Oram.</li>
+<!-- Re: Free Protocols Foundation - it's a maintainance nightmare -->
+<!-- to have full descriptions in more then one place. -len -->
+<!-- RMS requests that this link is put back, 14 Dec 2000, paulv -->
+  <li><a href="";>The Free Protocols
+       Foundation</a> is an independent public forum, dedicated to the
+       support of patent-free protocols.</li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/software-libre-commercial-viability.html">Software 
Libre and Commercial Viability</a> by Alessandro Rubini</li>
+  <li><a href="";>
+       Information liberation</a> by Brian Martin. We urge people to avoid
+       using the term <a href="/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html">intellectual
+       property</a> and to instead speak about copyrights, patents, and/or
+       trademarks.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Seat Sale</a>, a
+       satire about copyright.</li>
+  <li>A <a href="";>gallery</a>
+      of examples demonstrating how outrageous and absurd the Digital
+      Millenium Copyright Act is.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Frankentoons</a>
+  by Joel Kahn.</li>
+  <li>A book review of
+  <a 
+  <cite>Digital Copyright</cite></a>.</li>
+  <li><a
+  href="";>Live and
+  let license</a> by Joe Barr.</li>
+  <li><a href="";>Piecepack</a> is a set of
+  boardgame pieces which everyone is free to use in creating or playing
+  various types of games.</li>
+  <li>Eastern Gianozia has put together a <a
+  look at Software Patents and DRM</a>.</li>
+  <li><a 
is an interesting allegory (in Spanish) comparing Free Software to a dining 
+  <li><a href="";>Free Software and 
+  <li><a href="";>Patents Are An 
Economic Absurdity</a>: This article adopts as a premise the popular view that 
free trade is desirable. We don't always agree - beyond a certain point, free 
trade gives businesses too much power, allowing them to intimidate democracy. 
But that is a different matter. </li><!-- Description text by RMS -->
+   <li><a href="";>In Defense of 
Napster and Against the Second Homesteading Rule</a></li>
+   <li><a href="";>Against 
Intellectual Property</a>, Spring 2001, Journal of Libertarian Studies 
+   <li><a href="";>Penguin in the Pew</a>, Free 
Software from a Christian perspective.</li>
+   <li><a 
Comparative Ethical Assessment of Free Software Licensing Schemes</a> by Samir 
Chopra and Scott Dexter</li>
+   <li>The <a href="";>SIM.ONE
+       hardware project</a> has created free (as in freedom)
+       computer design specifications.</li>
+   <li>Not available online, but as early as 1960 Bernard Galler wrote a
+   letter to the editor of the Communications of the ACM (vol.3, no.4,
+   pp.A12-A13), saying in part (mentioning price, but clearly implying
+   freedom):
+   <blockquote>
+     <p>
+     &hellip; it is clear that what is being
+     charged for is the development of the program, and
+     while I am particularly unhappy that it comes from a
+     university, I believe it is damaging to the whole
+     profession. There isn't a 704 installation that hasn't
+     directly benefited from the free exchange of programs
+     made possible by the distribution facilities of SHARE.
+     If we start to sell our programs, this will set very
+     undesirable precedents.
+     </p>
+   </blockquote>
+   (Thanks to Nelson Beebe for the reference.)</li>
+<li><a href="/fun/humor.html#Philosophy">Philosophy Humor</a>.
+We don't have to be serious <i>all</i> the time.</li>
+<h3>Translations of These Documents</h3>
+  <li><a href="";>Unofficial
+       Korean translations</a> of many of these documents</li>
+<!-- Seems this link is dead -->
+<!--  &lt;LI&gt;&lt;a 
href=""&gt;Unofficial -->
+<!--    Chinese translations&lt;/a&gt; of many of these documents -->
+  <li><a href="/gnu/manifesto.html#translations">Translations of the
+       GNU Manifesto</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/philosophy/fs-translations.html">Translations
+       of the term &ldquo;free software&rdquo;</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/copyleft/copyleft.html#translations">Translations of the
+       GNU GPL</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/copyleft/copyleft.html#translationsLGPL">Translations of the
+       GNU LGPL</a></li>
+  <li><a href="/copyleft/copyleft.html#translationsGFDL">Translations of the
+       GNU FDL</a></li>
+<!--#include virtual="/server/footer.html" -->
+<div id="footer">
+Please send FSF &amp; GNU inquiries to
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
+There are also <a href="";>other ways to 
+the FSF.
+<br />
+Please send broken links and other corrections (or suggestions) to
+<a href="mailto:address@hidden";><em>address@hidden</em></a>.
+Please see the
+<a href="/server/standards/README.translations.html">Translations
+README</a> for information on coordinating and submitting
+translations of this article.
+Copyright &copy; 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,
+2005, 2006, 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.,</p>
+<address>51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA</address>
+<p>Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is
+permitted in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.
+<!-- timestamp start -->
+$Date: 2008/01/27 17:02:14 $
+<!-- timestamp end -->
+<!-- All pages on the GNU web server should have the section about    -->
+<!-- verbatim copying.  Please do NOT remove this without talking     -->
+<!-- with the webmasters first. -->
+<!-- Please make sure the copyright date is consistent with the document -->
+<!-- and that it is like this "2001, 2002" not this "2001-2002." -->
+<div id="translations">
+<h4>Translations of this page</h4>
+<!-- Please keep this list alphabetical, and in the original -->
+<!-- language if possible, otherwise default to English -->
+<!-- If you do not have it English, please comment what the -->
+<!-- English is.  If you add a new language here, please -->
+<!-- advise address@hidden and add it to -->
+<!--    - in /home/www/bin/nightly-vars either TAGSLANG or WEBLANG -->
+<!--    - in /home/www/html/server/standards/README.translations.html -->
+<!--      one of the lists under the section "Translations Underway" -->
+<!--    - if there is a translation team, you also have to add an alias -->
+<!--      to -->
+<!-- Please also check you have the 2 letter language code right versus -->
+<!-- -->
+<ul class="translations-list">
+<!-- Arabic -->
+<!-- Bulgarian -->
+<!-- Bosnian -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Bosanski</a>&nbsp;[bs]</li>
+<!-- Catalan -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Catal&#x00e0;</a>&nbsp;[ca]</li>
+<!-- Czech -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/philosophy.cs.html">&#x010c;esky</a>&nbsp;[cs]</li>
+<!-- Danish -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/philosophy.da.html">Dansk</a>&nbsp;[da]</li>
+<!-- German -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Deutsch</a>&nbsp;[de]</li>
+<!-- English -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/philosophy.html">English</a>&nbsp;[en]</li>
+<!-- Spanish -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Espa&#x00f1;ol</a>&nbsp;[es]</li>
+<!-- Finnish -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Suomi</a>&nbsp;[fi]</li>
+<!-- French -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Fran&#x00e7;ais</a>&nbsp;[fr]</li>
+<!-- Galician -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Galego</a>&nbsp;[gl]</li>
+<!-- Hebrew -->
+<!-- Hungarian -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Magyar</a>&nbsp;[hu]</li>
+<!-- Indonesian -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Bahasa 
+<!-- Italian -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Italiano</a>&nbsp;[it]</li>
+<!-- Japanese -->
+<!-- Korean -->
+<!-- Macedonian -->
+<!-- Dutch -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Nederlands</a>&nbsp;[nl]</li>
+<!-- Polish -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Polski</a>&nbsp;[pl]</li>
+<!-- Portuguese -->
+<li><a href="/philosophy/">Portugu&#x0ea;s</a>&nbsp;[pt]</li>
+<!-- Romanian -->
+<!-- Russian -->
+<!-- Serbian -->
+<!-- Turkish -->
+<!-- Chinese (Traditional) -->

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