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回复:Question about RISC-V brom register a1 set value


From: 刘志伟
Subject: 回复:Question about RISC-V brom register a1 set value
Date: Wed, 05 Oct 2022 17:46:49 +0800

I think the a1 from QEMU reset vector is the device tree(fdt_laddr) though I don't know if it is directly used by the OpenSBI or just passed to the Linux kernel.

Thanks,
Zhiwei

------------------------------------------------------------------
发件人:Philippe Mathieu-Daudé via <qemu-devel@nongnu.org>
发送时间:2022年10月3日(星期一) 20:37
收件人:Eric Chan <e14002270@gmail.com>; qemu-devel <qemu-devel@nongnu.org>
抄 送:qemu-riscv <qemu-riscv@nongnu.org>
主 题:Re: Question about RISC-V brom register a1 set value

Cc'ing the RISC-V specific mailing list.

On 1/10/22 01:48, Eric Chan wrote:
> Hi, qemu
>
> As I know, brom will pass 3 parameters to the next stage bootloader, ex:
> openSBI.
> a0 will pass hartid, a2 will pass fw_dynamic_info start address.
> although a1 doesn't use directly in openSBI.
> a1 read value is determined in compile time rather than read from the
> original a1 that passes from brom.
> In qemu/hw/riscv/boot.c
> both 32bit and 64bit machines read 4byte that offset 32byte from the
> brom start address.
>
> for 64 bits machine: a1 read low 32bit data member magic of fw_dynamic_info,
> the value will same as FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_MAGIC_VALUE because risc-v is
> little endian.
>
> for 32bits machine: each data member of fw_dynamic_info is 4 bytes, so
> a1 will read the version rather than magic.
>
> Do the 32bit and 64bit pass different parameters are expected?
> If it is not expected, I guess the original version is 64bit machine,
> and then supports 32bit but misses this detail, I hope I can have an
> opportunity to fix this problem.
> If it is expected, why they must be done?
>
> Thanks,
> Eric Chan
>
> qemu/include/hw/riscv/boot_opensbi.h
> #define FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_MAGIC_VALUE     0x4942534f
> qemu/hw/riscv/boot.c
> void riscv_setup_rom_reset_vec(MachineState *machine,
> RISCVHartArrayState *harts,
>                                 hwaddr start_addr,
>                                 hwaddr rom_base, hwaddr rom_size,
> uint64_t kernel_entry,
> uint64_t fdt_load_addr)
> {
> int i;
> uint32_t start_addr_hi32 = 0x00000000;
> uint32_t fdt_load_addr_hi32 = 0x00000000;
>
> if (!riscv_is_32bit(harts)) {
>          start_addr_hi32 = start_addr >> 32;
>          fdt_load_addr_hi32 = fdt_load_addr >> 32;
>      }
>      /* reset vector */
> uint32_t reset_vec[10] = {
> 0x00000297,                 /* 1:  auipc  t0, %pcrel_hi(fw_dyn) */
> 0x02828613,                 /*     addi   a2, t0, %pcrel_lo(1b) */
> 0xf1402573,                 /*     csrr   a0, mhartid  */
> 0,
> 0,
> 0x00028067,                 /*     jr     t0 */
>          start_addr,                 /* start: .dword */
>          start_addr_hi32,
>          fdt_load_addr,              /* fdt_laddr: .dword */
>          fdt_load_addr_hi32,
>                                       /* fw_dyn: */
>      };
> if (riscv_is_32bit(harts)) {
> reset_vec[3] = 0x0202a583;  /*     lw     a1, 32(t0) */
> reset_vec[4] = 0x0182a283;  /*     lw     t0, 24(t0) */
>      } else {
> reset_vec[3] = 0x0202b583;  /*     ld     a1, 32(t0) */
> reset_vec[4] = 0x0182b283;  /*     ld     t0, 24(t0) */
>      }
>
>      /* copy in the reset vector in little_endian byte order */
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(reset_vec); i++) {
> reset_vec[i] = cpu_to_le32(reset_vec[i]);
>      }
> rom_add_blob_fixed_as("mrom.reset", reset_vec, sizeof(reset_vec),
>                            rom_base, &address_space_memory);
> riscv_rom_copy_firmware_info(machine, rom_base, rom_size, sizeof(reset_vec),
>                                   kernel_entry);
> }
>
> opensbi/firmware/fw_dynamic.S
> fw_boot_hart:
> /* Sanity checks */
> li a1, FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_MAGIC_VALUE
>          REG_L a0, FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_MAGIC_OFFSET(a2)
> bne a0, a1, _bad_dynamic_info
> li a1, FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_VERSION_MAX
>          REG_L a0, FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_VERSION_OFFSET(a2)
> bgt a0, a1, _bad_dynamic_info
>
> /* Read boot HART id */
> li a1, FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_VERSION_2
> blt a0, a1, 2f
>          REG_L a0, FW_DYNAMIC_INFO_BOOT_HART_OFFSET(a2)
> ret
> 2: li a0, -1
> ret



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