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RE: [RFC v3 03/25] hw/iommu: introduce IOMMUContext

From: Liu, Yi L
Subject: RE: [RFC v3 03/25] hw/iommu: introduce IOMMUContext
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2020 11:42:13 +0000

Hi David,

> From: David Gibson [mailto:address@hidden]
> Sent: Friday, January 31, 2020 12:07 PM
> To: Liu, Yi L <address@hidden>
> Subject: Re: [RFC v3 03/25] hw/iommu: introduce IOMMUContext
> On Wed, Jan 29, 2020 at 04:16:34AM -0800, Liu, Yi L wrote:
> > From: Peter Xu <address@hidden>
> >
> > Currently, many platform vendors provide the capability of dual stage
> > DMA address translation in hardware. For example, nested translation
> > on Intel VT-d scalable mode, nested stage translation on ARM SMMUv3,
> > and etc. Also there are efforts to make QEMU vIOMMU be backed by dual
> > stage DMA address translation capability provided by hardware to have
> > better address translation support for passthru devices.
> >
> > As so, making vIOMMU be backed by dual stage translation capability
> > requires QEMU vIOMMU to have a way to get aware of such hardware
> > capability and also require a way to receive DMA address translation
> > faults (e.g. I/O page request) from host as guest owns stage-1 translation
> > structures in dual stage DAM address translation.
> >
> > This patch adds IOMMUContext as an abstract of vIOMMU related operations.
> > Like provide a way for passthru modules (e.g. VFIO) to register
> > DualStageIOMMUObject instances. And in future, it is expected to offer
> > support for receiving host DMA translation faults happened on stage-1
> > translation.
> >
> > For more backgrounds, may refer to the discussion below, while there
> > is also difference between the current implementation and original
> > proposal. This patch introduces the IOMMUContext as an abstract layer
> > for passthru module (e.g. VFIO) calls into vIOMMU. The first introduced
> > interface is to make QEMU vIOMMU be aware of dual stage translation
> > capability.
> >
> > https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2019-07/msg05022.html
> Again, is there a reason for not making this a QOM class or interface?

I guess it is enough to make a simple abstract layer as explained in prior
email. IOMMUContext is to provide explicit method for VFIO to call into
vIOMMU emulators.

> I'm not very clear on the relationship betwen an IOMMUContext and a
> DualStageIOMMUObject.  Can there be many IOMMUContexts to a
> DualStageIOMMUOBject?  The other way around?  Or is it just
> zero-or-one DualStageIOMMUObjects to an IOMMUContext?

It is possible. As the below patch shows, DualStageIOMMUObject is per vfio
container. IOMMUContext can be either per-device or shared across devices,
it depends on vendor specific vIOMMU emulators.
[RFC v3 10/25] vfio: register DualStageIOMMUObject to vIOMMU

Take Intel vIOMMU as an example, there is a per device structure which
includes IOMMUContext instance and a DualStageIOMMUObject pointer.

+struct VTDIOMMUContext {
+    VTDBus *vtd_bus;
+    uint8_t devfn;
+    IOMMUContext iommu_context;
+    DualStageIOMMUObject *dsi_obj;
+    IntelIOMMUState *iommu_state;

I think this would leave space for vendor specific vIOMMU emulators to
design their own relationship between an IOMMUContext and a

> > Cc: Kevin Tian <address@hidden>
> > Cc: Jacob Pan <address@hidden>
> > Cc: Peter Xu <address@hidden>


> > + */
> > +
> > +#include "qemu/osdep.h"
> > +#include "hw/iommu/iommu_context.h"
> > +
> > +int iommu_context_register_ds_iommu(IOMMUContext *iommu_ctx,
> > +                                    DualStageIOMMUObject *dsi_obj)
> > +{
> > +    if (!iommu_ctx || !dsi_obj) {
> Would this ever happen apart from a bug in the caller?  If not it
> should be an assert().

Got it, thanks, I'll check all other alike in this series and fix them in
next version.

Yi Liu

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