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RE: [PATCH v22 0/9] Add ARMv8 RAS virtualization support in QEMU

From: gengdongjiu
Subject: RE: [PATCH v22 0/9] Add ARMv8 RAS virtualization support in QEMU
Date: Wed, 15 Jan 2020 13:05:41 +0000


发件人:gengdongjiu <address@hidden>
收件人:pbonzini <address@hidden>;gengdongjiu <address@hidden>;mst <address@hidden>;imammedo <address@hidden>;shannon.zhaosl <address@hidden>;peter.maydell <address@hidden>;fam <address@hidden>;rth <address@hidden>;ehabkost <address@hidden>;mtosatti <address@hidden>;xuwei (O) <address@hidden>;Jonathan Cameron <address@hidden>;james.morse <address@hidden>;qemu-devel <address@hidden>;kvm <address@hidden>;qemu-arm <address@hidden>
抄 送:zhengxiang (A) <address@hidden>;Linuxarm <address@hidden>
时 间:2020-01-08 19:32:33
主题[PATCH v22 0/9] Add ARMv8 RAS virtualization support in QEMU

In the ARMv8 platform, the CPU error types are synchronous external abort(SEA)
and SError Interrupt (SEI). If exception happens in guest, sometimes it's better
for guest to perform the recovery, because host does not know the detailed
information of guest. For example, if an exception happens in a user-space
application within guest, host does not know which application encounters

For the ARMv8 SEA/SEI, KVM or host kernel delivers SIGBUS to notify userspace.
After user space gets the notification, it will record the CPER into guest GHES
buffer and inject an exception or IRQ into guest.

In the current implementation, if the type of SIGBUS is BUS_MCEERR_AR, we will
treat it as a synchronous exception, and notify guest with ARMv8 SEA
notification type after recording CPER into guest.

This series of patches are based on Qemu 4.2, which include two parts:
1. Generate APEI/GHES table.
2. Handle the SIGBUS signal, record the CPER in runtime and fill it into guest
   memory, then notify guest according to the type of SIGBUS.

The whole solution was suggested by James(address@hidden); The solution of
APEI section was suggested by Laszlo(address@hidden).
Show some discussions in [1].

This series of patches have already been tested on ARM64 platform with RAS
feature enabled:
Show the APEI part verification result in [2].
Show the BUS_MCEERR_AR SIGBUS handling verification result in [3].

Change since v21:
1. Make the user-facing 'ras' option description more clearly to address Peter's comments.
2. Update the doc description in "docs/specs/acpi_hest_ghes.rst"
3. Split HEST/GHES patches to more patches to make the review easily
4. Using source_id to index the location to save the CPER.
5. Optimize and simplify the logic to build HEST/GHES table to address Igor/Michael/Beata comments.
6. make ghes_addr_le a part of GED device.

Change since v20:
1. Move some implementation details from acpi_ghes.h to acpi_ghes.c
2. Add the reviewers for the ACPI/APEI/GHES part

Change since v19:
1. Fix clang compile error
2. Fix sphinx build error

Change since v18:
1. Fix some code-style and typo/grammar problems.
2. Remove no_ras in the VirtMachineClass struct.
3. Convert documentation to rst format.
4. Simplize the code and add comments for some magic value.
5. Move kvm_inject_arm_sea() function into the patch where it's used.
6. Register the reset handler(kvm_unpoison_all()) in the kvm_init() function.

Change since v17:
1. Improve some commit messages and comments.
2. Fix some code-style problems.
3. Add a *ras* machine option.
4. Move HEST/GHES related structures and macros into "hw/acpi/acpi_ghes.*".
5. Move HWPoison page functions into "include/sysemu/kvm_int.h".
6. Fix some bugs.
7. Improve the design document.

Change since v16:
1. check whether ACPI table is enabled when handling the memory error in the SIGBUS handler.

Change since v15:
1. Add a doc-comment in the proper format for 'include/exec/ram_addr.h'
2. Remove write_part_cpustate_to_list() because there is another bug fix patch
   has been merged "arm: Allow system registers for KVM guests to be changed by QEMU code"
3. Add some comments for kvm_inject_arm_sea() in 'target/arm/kvm64.c'
4. Compare the arm_current_el() return value to 0,1,2,3, not to PSTATE_MODE_* constants.
5. Change the RAS support wasn't introduced before 4.1 QEMU version.
6. Move the no_ras flag  patch to begin in this series

Change since v14:
1. Remove the BUS_MCEERR_AO handling logic because this asynchronous signal was masked by main thread
2. Address some Igor Mammedov's comments(ACPI part)
   1) change the comments for the enum AcpiHestNotifyType definition and remove ditto in patch 1
   2) change some patch commit messages and separate "APEI GHES table generation" patch to more patches.
3. Address some peter's comments(arm64 Synchronous External Abort injection)
   1) change some code notes
   2) using arm_current_el() for current EL
   2) use the helper functions for those (syn_data_abort_*).

Change since v13:
1. Move the patches that set guest ESR and inject virtual SError out of this series
2. Clean and optimize the APEI part patches
3. Update the commit messages and add some comments for the code

Change since v12:
1. Address Paolo's comments to move HWPoisonPage definition to accel/kvm/kvm-all.c
2. Only call kvm_cpu_synchronize_state() when get the BUS_MCEERR_AR signal
3. Only add and enable GPIO-Signal and ARMv8 SEA two hardware error sources
4. Address Michael's comments to not sync SPDX from Linux kernel header file

Change since v11:
Address James's comments(address@hidden)
1. Check whether KVM has the capability to to set ESR instead of detecting host CPU RAS capability
2. For SIGBUS_MCEERR_AR SIGBUS, use Synchronous-External-Abort(SEA) notification type
   for SIGBUS_MCEERR_AO SIGBUS, use GPIO-Signal notification

Address Shannon's comments(for ACPI part):
1. Unify hest_ghes.c and hest_ghes.h license declaration
2. Remove unnecessary including "qmp-commands.h" in hest_ghes.c
3. Unconditionally add guest APEI table based on James's comments(address@hidden)
4. Add a option to virt machine for migration compatibility. On new virt machine it's on
   by default while off for old ones, we enabled it since 2.12
5. Refer to the ACPI spec version which introduces Hardware Error Notification first time
6. Add ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_RESERVED notification type

Address Igor's comments(for ACPI part):
1. Add doc patch first which will describe how it's supposed to work between QEMU/firmware/guest
   OS with expected flows.
2. Move APEI diagrams into doc/spec patch
3. Remove redundant g_malloc in ghes_record_cper()
4. Use build_append_int_noprefix() API to compose whole error status block and whole APEI table,
   and try to get rid of most structures in patch 1, as they will be left unused after that
5. Reuse something like https://github.com/imammedo/qemu/commit/3d2fd6d13a3ea298d2ee814835495ce6241d085c
   to build GAS
6. Remove much offsetof() in the function
7. Build independent tables first and only then build dependent tables passing to it pointers
   to previously build table if necessary.

Address Peter Maydell's comments
1. linux-headers is done as a patch of their own created using scripts/update-linux-headers.sh run against a
   mainline kernel tree
2. Tested whether this patchset builds OK on aarch32
3. Abstract Hwpoison page adding code  out properly into a cpu-independent source file from target/i386/kvm.c,
   such as kvm-all.c
4. Add doc-comment formatted documentation comment for new globally-visible function prototype in a header


Note: the UEFI(QEMU_EFI.fd) is needed if guest want to use ACPI table.

After guest boot up, dump the APEI table, then can see the initialized table
(1) # iasl -p ./HEST -d /sys/firmware/acpi/tables/HEST
(2) # cat HEST.dsl
     * Intel ACPI Component Architecture
     * AML/ASL+ Disassembler version 20170728 (64-bit version)
     * Copyright (c) 2000 - 2017 Intel Corporation
     * Disassembly of /sys/firmware/acpi/tables/HEST, Mon Sep  5 07:59:17 2016
     * ACPI Data Table [HEST]
     * Format: [HexOffset DecimalOffset ByteLength]  FieldName : FieldValue

    [308h 0776   2]                Subtable Type : 000A [Generic Hardware Error Source V2]
    [30Ah 0778   2]                    Source Id : 0001
    [30Ch 0780   2]            Related Source Id : FFFF
    [30Eh 0782   1]                     Reserved : 00
    [30Fh 0783   1]                      Enabled : 01
    [310h 0784   4]       Records To Preallocate : 00000001
    [314h 0788   4]      Max Sections Per Record : 00000001
    [318h 0792   4]          Max Raw Data Length : 00001000

    [31Ch 0796  12]         Error Status Address : [Generic Address Structure]
    [31Ch 0796   1]                     Space ID : 00 [SystemMemory]
    [31Dh 0797   1]                    Bit Width : 40
    [31Eh 0798   1]                   Bit Offset : 00
    [31Fh 0799   1]         Encoded Access Width : 04 [QWord Access:64]
    [320h 0800   8]                      Address : 00000000785D0040

    [328h 0808  28]                       Notify : [Hardware Error Notification Structure]
    [328h 0808   1]                  Notify Type : 08 [SEA]
    [329h 0809   1]                Notify Length : 1C
    [32Ah 0810   2]   Configuration Write Enable : 0000
    [32Ch 0812   4]                 PollInterval : 00000000
    [330h 0816   4]                       Vector : 00000000
    [334h 0820   4]      Polling Threshold Value : 00000000
    [338h 0824   4]     Polling Threshold Window : 00000000
    [33Ch 0828   4]        Error Threshold Value : 00000000
    [340h 0832   4]       Error Threshold Window : 00000000

    [344h 0836   4]    Error Status Block Length : 00001000
    [348h 0840  12]            Read Ack Register : [Generic Address Structure]
    [348h 0840   1]                     Space ID : 00 [SystemMemory]
    [349h 0841   1]                    Bit Width : 40
    [34Ah 0842   1]                   Bit Offset : 00
    [34Bh 0843   1]         Encoded Access Width : 04 [QWord Access:64]
    [34Ch 0844   8]                      Address : 00000000785D0098

    [354h 0852   8]            Read Ack Preserve : 00000000FFFFFFFE
    [35Ch 0860   8]               Read Ack Write : 0000000000000001


(3) After a synchronous external abort(SEA) happen, Qemu receive a SIGBUS and
    filled the CPER into guest GHES memory.  For example, according to above table,
    the address that contains the physical address of a block of memory that holds
    the error status data for this abort is 0x00000000785D0040
(4) the address for SEA notification error source is 0x785d80b0
    (qemu) xp /1 0x00000000785D0040
    00000000785d0040: 0x785d80b0

(5) check the content of generic error status block and generic error data entry
    (qemu) xp /100x 0x785d80b0
    00000000785d80b0: 0x00000001 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000098
    00000000785d80c0: 0x00000000 0xa5bc1114 0x4ede6f64 0x833e63b8
    00000000785d80d0: 0xb1837ced 0x00000000 0x00000300 0x00000050
    00000000785d80e0: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000
    00000000785d80f0: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000
    00000000785d8100: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00004002
(6) check the OSPM's ACK value(for example SEA)
    /* Before OSPM acknowledges the error, check the ACK value */
    (qemu) xp /1 0x00000000785D0098
    00000000785d00f0: 0x00000000

    /* After OSPM acknowledges the error, check the ACK value, it change to 1 from 0 */
    (qemu) xp /1 0x00000000785D0098
    00000000785d00f0: 0x00000001

[3]: KVM deliver "BUS_MCEERR_AR" to Qemu, Qemu record the guest CPER and inject
    synchronous external abort to notify guest, then guest do the recovery.

[ 1552.516170] Synchronous External Abort: synchronous external abort (0x92000410) at 0x000000003751c6b4
[ 1553.074073] {1}[Hardware Error]: Hardware error from APEI Generic Hardware Error Source: 8
[ 1553.081654] {1}[Hardware Error]: event severity: recoverable
[ 1554.034191] {1}[Hardware Error]:  Error 0, type: recoverable
[ 1554.037934] {1}[Hardware Error]:   section_type: memory error
[ 1554.513261] {1}[Hardware Error]:   physical_address: 0x0000000040fa6000
[ 1554.513944] {1}[Hardware Error]:   error_type: 0, unknown
[ 1555.041451] Memory failure: 0x40fa6: Killing mca-recover:1296 due to hardware memory corruption
[ 1555.373116] Memory failure: 0x40fa6: recovery action for dirty LRU page: Recovered

Dongjiu Geng (9):
  hw/arm/virt: Introduce a RAS machine option
  docs: APEI GHES generation and CPER record description
  ACPI: Build related register address fields via hardware error fw_cfg
  ACPI: Build Hardware Error Source Table
  ACPI: Record the Generic Error Status Block address
  KVM: Move hwpoison page related functions into kvm-all.c
  ACPI: Record Generic Error Status Block(GESB) table
  target-arm: kvm64: handle SIGBUS signal from kernel or KVM

 MAINTAINERS                            |   9 +
 accel/kvm/kvm-all.c                    |  36 +++
 default-configs/arm-softmmu.mak        |   1 +
 docs/specs/acpi_hest_ghes.rst          | 110 ++++++++
 docs/specs/index.rst                   |   1 +
 hw/acpi/Kconfig                        |   4 +
 hw/acpi/Makefile.objs                  |   1 +
 hw/acpi/aml-build.c                    |   2 +
 hw/acpi/generic_event_device.c         |  15 +-
 hw/acpi/ghes.c                         | 446 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 hw/arm/virt-acpi-build.c               |  19 ++
 hw/arm/virt.c                          |  23 ++
 include/hw/acpi/aml-build.h            |   1 +
 include/hw/acpi/generic_event_device.h |   2 +
 include/hw/acpi/ghes.h                 |  75 ++++++
 include/hw/arm/virt.h                  |   1 +
 include/qemu/uuid.h                    |   5 +
 include/sysemu/kvm.h                   |   3 +-
 include/sysemu/kvm_int.h               |  12 +
 target/arm/cpu.h                       |   4 +
 target/arm/helper.c                    |   2 +-
 target/arm/internals.h                 |   5 +-
 target/arm/kvm64.c                     |  66 +++++
 target/arm/tlb_helper.c                |   2 +-
 target/i386/cpu.h                      |   2 +
 target/i386/kvm.c                      |  36 ---
 26 files changed, 840 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 docs/specs/acpi_hest_ghes.rst
 create mode 100644 hw/acpi/ghes.c
 create mode 100644 include/hw/acpi/ghes.h


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