[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [PATCH for-5.0 v11 08/20] virtio-iommu: Implement translate

From: Auger Eric
Subject: Re: [PATCH for-5.0 v11 08/20] virtio-iommu: Implement translate
Date: Wed, 8 Jan 2020 17:55:52 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:60.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/60.4.0

Hi Jean-Philippe, Peter,

On 1/7/20 11:10 AM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 06, 2020 at 12:58:50PM -0500, Peter Xu wrote:
>> On Mon, Jan 06, 2020 at 06:06:34PM +0100, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
>>> On Fri, Dec 20, 2019 at 11:51:00AM -0500, Peter Xu wrote:
>>>> On Fri, Dec 20, 2019 at 05:26:42PM +0100, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
>>>>> There is at the virtio transport level: the driver sets status to
>>>>> FEATURES_OK once it accepted the feature bits, and to DRIVER_OK once its
>>>>> fully operational. The virtio-iommu spec says:
>>>>>   If the driver does not accept the VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_BYPASS feature, the
>>>>>   device SHOULD NOT let endpoints access the guest-physical address space.
>>>>> So before features negotiation, there is no access. Afterwards it depends
>>>>> if the VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_BYPASS has been accepted by the driver.
>>>> Before enabling virtio-iommu device, should we still let the devices
>>>> to access the whole system address space?  I believe that's at least
>>>> what Intel IOMMUs are doing.  From code-wise, its:
>>>>     if (likely(s->dmar_enabled)) {
>>>>         success = vtd_do_iommu_translate(vtd_as, vtd_as->bus, 
>>>> vtd_as->devfn,
>>>>                                          addr, flag & IOMMU_WO, &iotlb);
>>>>     } else {
>>>>         /* DMAR disabled, passthrough, use 4k-page*/
>>>>         iotlb.iova = addr & VTD_PAGE_MASK_4K;
>>>>         iotlb.translated_addr = addr & VTD_PAGE_MASK_4K;
>>>>         iotlb.addr_mask = ~VTD_PAGE_MASK_4K;
>>>>         iotlb.perm = IOMMU_RW;
>>>>         success = true;
>>>>     }
>>>> From hardware-wise, an IOMMU should be close to transparent if you
>>>> never enable it, imho.
>>> For hardware that's not necessarily the best choice. As cited in my
>>> previous reply it has been shown to introduce vulnerabilities since
>>> malicious devices can DMA during boot, before the OS takes control of the
>>> IOMMU. The Arm SMMU allows an implementation to adopt a deny policy by
>>> default.
>> I see.  But then how to read a sector from the block to at least boot
>> an OS if we use a default-deny policy?  Does it still need a mapping
>> that is established somehow by someone before hand?
> Yes, it looks like EDK II uses IOMMU operations in order to access those
> devices on platforms where the IOMMU isn't default-bypass (AMD SEV support
> is provided by edk2, and a VT-d driver seems provided by edk2-platforms).
> However for OVMF we could just set the bypass feature bit in virtio-iommu
> device, which doesn't even requires setting up the virtqueue.
> I'm missing a piece of the puzzle for Arm platforms though, because it
> looks like Trusted Firmware-A sets up the default-deny policy on reset
> even when it wasn't hardwired, but doesn't provide a service to create
> SMMUv3 mappings for the bootloader.
> Thanks,
> Jean

I think we have a concrete example for the above discussion. The AHCI.
When running the virtio-iommu on x86 I get messages like:

virtio_iommu_translate sid=250 is not known!!
no buffer available in event queue to report event

and a bunch of "AHCI: Failed to start FIS receive engine: bad FIS
receive buffer address" messages (For each port)

This was reported in my cover letter (*). This happens very early in the
boot process, before the OS get the hand and before the virtio-iommu
driver creates any mapping. It does not prevent the guest from booting

Currently the virtio-iommu device checks the VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_BYPASS. If I
overwrite it to true in the device, then, the guest boots without those

I share Peter's concern about having a different default policy than x86.



Note the migration issue reported in the cover letter is fixed now and
was due to the migration priority unset.

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]