[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [PATCH 7/6] Makefile: Make Makefile depend on generated qga files, t

From: Markus Armbruster
Subject: Re: [PATCH 7/6] Makefile: Make Makefile depend on generated qga files, too
Date: Wed, 04 Dec 2019 07:56:45 +0100
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/26.2 (gnu/linux)

Eric Blake <address@hidden> writes:

> On 11/29/19 3:59 AM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
>> Generated .h need to be generated before compiling any .c using them.
>> To know which .h a .c uses, we need to compile it.
>> Since commit 4115852bb0 "build: do not sprinkle around
>> GENERATED_HEADERS dependencies", we break this circular dependency the
>> simple & stupid way: the generated headers are a prerequisite of
>> Makefile, which causes Make to generate them first, then start over.
> which is a pain when using 'make --dry-run' to see what would get
> built (a dependency of Makefile _is_ rebuilt if Makefile itself has to
> be updated), but not the fault of this patch.


>> Except for qga we still use the older method of making all its .o
>> summarily depend on all its generated .h (commit 016c77ad62 "Makefile:
>> add missing deps on $(GENERATED_HEADERS)").
>> Add qga's generated files to generated-files-y to get rid of this
>> exception.
>> Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <address@hidden>
>> ---
>>   Makefile | 21 +++++++++++----------
>>   1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <address@hidden>


>> +++ b/Makefile
>> @@ -130,6 +130,15 @@ GENERATED_QAPI_FILES += qapi/qapi-doc.texi
>>     generated-files-y += $(GENERATED_QAPI_FILES)
>>   +GENERATED_QGA_FILES := qga-qapi-types.c qga-qapi-types.h
>> +GENERATED_QGA_FILES += qga-qapi-visit.c qga-qapi-visit.h
>> +GENERATED_QGA_FILES += qga-qapi-commands.h qga-qapi-commands.c
>> +GENERATED_QGA_FILES += qga-qapi-init-commands.h qga-qapi-init-commands.c
>> +GENERATED_QGA_FILES += qga-qapi-doc.texi
>> +GENERATED_QGA_FILES := $(addprefix qga/qapi-generated/, 
> Would it be worth using two separate variable names (maybe
> GENERATED_QGA_BASEFILES for the first list) rather than exploiting the
> arcane knowledge that consecutive use of := causes GNU make to rewrite
> an existing variable with new contents?

Our rules.mak relies on this already.  It's full of magic, which
admittedly diminishes its suitability to serve as a good example.

Your worry might be rooted in old "=" burns.  "=" makes the variable
recursively expanded, and

    GENERATED_QGA_FILES = $(addprefix qga/qapi-generated/, 

would be an infinite loop.  ":=" makes it simply expanded; there's not
even a loop, let alone an infinite one.  The GNU Make manual explains
this clearly at

Aside: there's a reason one of the two flavors is called "simple".  It
could additionally be called "not as slow".  One of my pet makefile
peeves: unthinking use of recursively expanded variables, complicating
semantics and slowing down builds.

Back to this patch.  I had started to write the thing in longhand, but
got tired of repeating qga/qapi-generated/, so I factored that out.
Would longhand be easier to understand?

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]