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[Qemu-devel] [PULL 01/12] docs: clarify multiqueue vs multiple virtqueue

From: Michael S. Tsirkin
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PULL 01/12] docs: clarify multiqueue vs multiple virtqueues
Date: Thu, 25 Jul 2019 11:31:28 -0400

From: Stefan Hajnoczi <address@hidden>

The vhost-user specification does not explain when
VHOST_USER_PROTOCOL_F_MQ must be implemented.  This may lead
implementors of vhost-user masters to believe that this protocol feature
is required for any device that has multiple virtqueues.  That would be
a mistake since existing vhost-user slaves offer multiple virtqueues but
do not advertise VHOST_USER_PROTOCOL_F_MQ.

For example, a vhost-net device with one rx/tx queue pair is not
multiqueue.  The slave does not need to advertise
VHOST_USER_PROTOCOL_F_MQ.  Therefore the master must assume it has these
virtqueues and cannot rely on askingt the slave how many virtqueues

Extend the specification to explain the different between true
multiqueue and regular devices with a fixed virtqueue layout.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <address@hidden>
Message-Id: <address@hidden>
Reviewed-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <address@hidden>
Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <address@hidden>
Reviewed-by: Marc-André Lureau <address@hidden>
 docs/interop/vhost-user.rst | 17 +++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+)

diff --git a/docs/interop/vhost-user.rst b/docs/interop/vhost-user.rst
index 5750668aba..7827b710aa 100644
--- a/docs/interop/vhost-user.rst
+++ b/docs/interop/vhost-user.rst
@@ -324,6 +324,15 @@ must support changing some configuration aspects on the 
 Multiple queue support
+Many devices have a fixed number of virtqueues.  In this case the master
+already knows the number of available virtqueues without communicating with the
+Some devices do not have a fixed number of virtqueues.  Instead the maximum
+number of virtqueues is chosen by the slave.  The number can depend on host
+resource availability or slave implementation details.  Such devices are called
+multiple queue devices.
 Multiple queue support allows the slave to advertise the maximum number of
 queues.  This is treated as a protocol extension, hence the slave has to
 implement protocol features first. The multiple queues feature is supported
@@ -339,6 +348,14 @@ queue in the sent message to identify a specified queue.
 The master enables queues by sending message ``VHOST_USER_SET_VRING_ENABLE``.
 vhost-user-net has historically automatically enabled the first queue pair.
+Slaves should always implement the ``VHOST_USER_PROTOCOL_F_MQ`` protocol
+feature, even for devices with a fixed number of virtqueues, since it is simple
+to implement and offers a degree of introspection.
+Masters must not rely on the ``VHOST_USER_PROTOCOL_F_MQ`` protocol feature for
+devices with a fixed number of virtqueues.  Only true multiqueue devices
+require this protocol feature.

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