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Re: [Qemu-devel] [RFC PATCH v3 3/3] VFIO Type1 IOMMU change: to support

From: Jike Song
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [RFC PATCH v3 3/3] VFIO Type1 IOMMU change: to support with iommu and without iommu
Date: Fri, 13 May 2016 14:08:36 +0800
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686 on x86_64; rv:17.0) Gecko/20130801 Thunderbird/17.0.8

On 05/13/2016 03:49 AM, Neo Jia wrote:
> On Thu, May 12, 2016 at 12:11:00PM +0800, Jike Song wrote:
>> On Thu, May 12, 2016 at 6:06 AM, Alex Williamson
>> <address@hidden> wrote:
>>> On Wed, 11 May 2016 17:15:15 +0800
>>> Jike Song <address@hidden> wrote:
>>>> On 05/11/2016 12:02 AM, Neo Jia wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, May 10, 2016 at 03:52:27PM +0800, Jike Song wrote:
>>>>>> On 05/05/2016 05:27 PM, Tian, Kevin wrote:
>>>>>>>> From: Song, Jike
>>>>>>>> IIUC, an api-only domain is a VFIO domain *without* underlying IOMMU
>>>>>>>> hardware. It just, as you said in another mail, "rather than
>>>>>>>> programming them into an IOMMU for a device, it simply stores the
>>>>>>>> translations for use by later requests".
>>>>>>>> That imposes a constraint on gfx driver: hardware IOMMU must be 
>>>>>>>> disabled.
>>>>>>>> Otherwise, if IOMMU is present, the gfx driver eventually programs
>>>>>>>> the hardware IOMMU with IOVA returned by pci_map_page or dma_map_page;
>>>>>>>> Meanwhile, the IOMMU backend for vgpu only maintains GPA <-> HPA
>>>>>>>> translations without any knowledge about hardware IOMMU, how is the
>>>>>>>> device model supposed to do to get an IOVA for a given GPA (thereby HPA
>>>>>>>> by the IOMMU backend here)?
>>>>>>>> If things go as guessed above, as vfio_pin_pages() indicates, it
>>>>>>>> pin & translate vaddr to PFN, then it will be very difficult for the
>>>>>>>> device model to figure out:
>>>>>>>>  1, for a given GPA, how to avoid calling dma_map_page multiple times?
>>>>>>>>  2, for which page to call dma_unmap_page?
>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>> We have to support both w/ iommu and w/o iommu case, since
>>>>>>> that fact is out of GPU driver control. A simple way is to use
>>>>>>> dma_map_page which internally will cope with w/ and w/o iommu
>>>>>>> case gracefully, i.e. return HPA w/o iommu and IOVA w/ iommu.
>>>>>>> Then in this file we only need to cache GPA to whatever dmadr_t
>>>>>>> returned by dma_map_page.
>>>>>> Hi Alex, Kirti and Neo, any thought on the IOMMU compatibility here?
>>>>> Hi Jike,
>>>>> With mediated passthru, you still can use hardware iommu, but more 
>>>>> important
>>>>> that part is actually orthogonal to what we are discussing here as we 
>>>>> will only
>>>>> cache the mapping between <gfn (iova if guest has iommu), (qemu) va>, 
>>>>> once we
>>>>> have pinned pages later with the help of above info, you can map it into 
>>>>> the
>>>>> proper iommu domain if the system has configured so.
>>>> Hi Neo,
>>>> Technically yes you can map a pfn into the proper IOMMU domain elsewhere,
>>>> but to find out whether a pfn was previously mapped or not, you have to
>>>> track it with another rbtree-alike data structure (the IOMMU driver simply
>>>> doesn't bother with tracking), that seems somehow duplicate with the vGPU
>>>> IOMMU backend we are discussing here.
>>>> And it is also semantically correct for an IOMMU backend to handle both w/
>>>> and w/o an IOMMU hardware? :)
>>> A problem with the iommu doing the dma_map_page() though is for what
>>> device does it do this?  In the mediated case the vfio infrastructure
>>> is dealing with a software representation of a device.  For all we
>>> know that software model could transparently migrate from one physical
>>> GPU to another.  There may not even be a physical device backing
>>> the mediated device.  Those are details left to the vgpu driver itself.
>> Great point :) Yes, I agree it's a bit intrusive to do the mapping for
>> a particular
>> pdev in an vGPU IOMMU BE.
>>> Perhaps one possibility would be to allow the vgpu driver to register
>>> map and unmap callbacks.  The unmap callback might provide the
>>> invalidation interface that we're so far missing.  The combination of
>>> map and unmap callbacks might simplify the Intel approach of pinning the
>>> entire VM memory space, ie. for each map callback do a translation
>>> (pin) and dma_map_page, for each unmap do a dma_unmap_page and release
>>> the translation.
>> Yes adding map/unmap ops in pGPU drvier (I assume you are refering to
>> gpu_device_ops as
>> implemented in Kirti's patch) sounds a good idea, satisfying both: 1)
>> keeping vGPU purely
>> virtual; 2) dealing with the Linux DMA API to achive hardware IOMMU
>> compatibility.
>> PS, this has very little to do with pinning wholly or partially. Intel KVMGT 
>> has
>> once been had the whole guest memory pinned, only because we used a spinlock,
>> which can't sleep at runtime.  We have removed that spinlock in our another
>> upstreaming effort, not here but for i915 driver, so probably no biggie.
> OK, then you guys don't need to pin everything.

Yes :)

> The next question will be if you
> can send the pinning request from your mediated driver backend to request 
> memory
> pinning like we have demonstrated in the v3 patch, function vfio_pin_pages and
> vfio_unpin_pages?

Kind of yes, not exactly.

IMO the mediated driver backend cares not only about pinning, but also the more
important translation. The vfio_pin_pages of v3 patch does the pinning and
translation simultaneously, whereas I do think the API is better named to
'translate' instead of 'pin', like v2 did.

We possibly have the same requirement from the mediate driver backend:

        a) get a GFN, when guest try to tell hardware;
        b) consult the vfio iommu with that GFN[1]: will you find me a proper 

The vfio iommu backend search the tracking table with this GFN[1]:

        c) if entry found, return the dma_addr;
        d) if nothing found, call GUP to pin the page, and dma_map_page to get 
the dma_addr[2], return it;

The dma_addr will be told to real GPU hardware.

I can't simply say a 'Yes' here, since we may consult dma_addr for a GFN
multiple times, but only for the first time we need to pin the page.

IOW, pinning is kind of an internal action in the iommu backend.

//Sorry for the long, maybe boring explanation.. :)

[1] GFN or vaddr, no biggie
[2] As pointed out by Alex, dma_map_page can be called elsewhere like a 


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