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[Qemu-devel] [RFC qemu 0/4] A PV solution for live migration optimizatio

From: Liang Li
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [RFC qemu 0/4] A PV solution for live migration optimization
Date: Thu, 3 Mar 2016 18:44:24 +0800

The current QEMU live migration implementation mark the all the
guest's RAM pages as dirtied in the ram bulk stage, all these pages
will be processed and that takes quit a lot of CPU cycles.

>From guest's point of view, it doesn't care about the content in free
pages. We can make use of this fact and skip processing the free
pages in the ram bulk stage, it can save a lot CPU cycles and reduce
the network traffic significantly while speed up the live migration
process obviously.

This patch set is the QEMU side implementation.

The virtio-balloon is extended so that QEMU can get the free pages
information from the guest through virtio.

After getting the free pages information (a bitmap), QEMU can use it
to filter out the guest's free pages in the ram bulk stage. This make
the live migration process much more efficient.

This RFC version doesn't take the post-copy and RDMA into
consideration, maybe both of them can benefit from this PV solution
by with some extra modifications.

Performance data

Test environment:

CPU: Intel (R) Xeon(R) CPU ES-2699 v3 @ 2.30GHz
Host RAM: 64GB
Host Linux Kernel:  4.2.0           Host OS: CentOS 7.1
Guest Linux Kernel:  4.5.rc6        Guest OS: CentOS 6.6
Network:  X540-AT2 with 10 Gigabit connection
Guest RAM: 8GB

Case 1: Idle guest just boots:
                    | original  |    pv    
total time(ms)      |    1894   |   421
transferred ram(KB) |   398017  |  353242

Case 2: The guest has ever run some memory consuming workload, the
workload is terminated just before live migration.
                    | original  |    pv    
total time(ms)      |   7436    |   552
transferred ram(KB) |  8146291  |  361375

Liang Li (4):
  pc: Add code to get the lowmem form PCMachineState
  virtio-balloon: Add a new feature to balloon device
  migration: not set migration bitmap in setup stage
  migration: filter out guest's free pages in ram bulk stage

 balloon.c                                       | 30 ++++++++-
 hw/i386/pc.c                                    |  5 ++
 hw/i386/pc_piix.c                               |  1 +
 hw/i386/pc_q35.c                                |  1 +
 hw/virtio/virtio-balloon.c                      | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/hw/i386/pc.h                            |  3 +-
 include/hw/virtio/virtio-balloon.h              | 17 +++++-
 include/standard-headers/linux/virtio_balloon.h |  1 +
 include/sysemu/balloon.h                        | 10 ++-
 migration/ram.c                                 | 64 +++++++++++++++----
 10 files changed, 195 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)


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