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Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH] linux-user: Avoid compilation error with --disa

From: Richard Henderson
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH] linux-user: Avoid compilation error with --disable-guest-base
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 2015 07:51:29 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/38.1.0

On 07/01/2015 07:21 PM, Laurent Vivier wrote:

Le 01/07/2015 15:15, Aurelien Jarno a écrit :
On 2015-07-01 01:58, Laurent Vivier wrote:

Le 30/06/2015 19:20, Peter Maydell a écrit :
On 30 June 2015 at 18:13, Laurent Vivier <address@hidden> wrote:

Le 30/06/2015 18:45, Peter Maydell a écrit :
On 30 June 2015 at 17:19, Laurent Vivier <address@hidden> wrote:
When guest base is disabled, RESERVED_VA is 0, and
(__guest < RESERVED_VA) is always false as __guest is unsigned.

With -Werror=type-limits, this triggers an error:

     include/exec/cpu_ldst.h:60:31: error: comparison of unsigned expression < 
0 is always false [-Werror=type-limits]
          (!RESERVED_VA || (__guest < RESERVED_VA)); \

This patch removes this comparison when guest base is disabled.

Is there a useful reason to compile with --disable-guest-base
(ie why we should retain the !CONFIG_USE_GUEST_BASE code
in QEMU at all) ? It was originally optional because we
didn't support it in all our TCG hosts, but we fixed that
back in 2012...

TCG generates less code, so performance is better (well, it is what I

I've compiled a kernel with and without guest base in a chrooted
Without guest base it is ~1 minute less for a 13 minutes build.

I can do more tests if you want.

Hmm. That's a fair chunk of speedup. On the downside:
  * you only get this if you're willing to build QEMU from
    source with funny options
  * it won't work for all guest/host combinations (sometimes
    the guest really wants to be able to map at low addresses
    the host won't permit)
  * it's an extra configuration to maintain which we're
    clearly not testing at all upstream

I'd still favour removing it completely, personally...

In fact, I have made more measurements, it saves only ~10 seconds on a
13 minutes build.

my test is: "make -j 4 vmlinux"
(target: m68k, host: x86_64, 4 cores x 2 threads)

Note that on x86_64, guest base is implemented by using the gs segment
register. That explains why the impact should be relatively low, as your
test shows.

I did a similar test on a PowerPC host, It is 2 seconds MORE on an 1m27s
build WITH --disable-guest-base.

That should be measurement noise, since a PPC host changes nothing except the register number for the indexed memory address. Same for aarch64, s390, and sparc. We do reserve a register on ia64, but that does require an extra insn.

The implementation is less friendly for arm and mips. The former because it's pressed for registers, and the later because it hasn't seen much tlc recently.

So, definitively, I think the option can be dropped.

Also agreed.  One can still force the same effect at runtime with -B.


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