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Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH RFC 1/1] s390x/pci: Extend pci representation by

From: Alexander Graf
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH RFC 1/1] s390x/pci: Extend pci representation by new zpci device
Date: Wed, 04 Mar 2015 15:49:15 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.10; rv:31.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/31.5.0

On 04.03.15 14:44, Frank Blaschka wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 03, 2015 at 09:38:37PM +0100, Alexander Graf wrote:
>> On 03.03.15 14:25, Frank Blaschka wrote:
>>> On Tue, Mar 03, 2015 at 10:33:05AM +0100, Alexander Graf wrote:
>>>>> Am 03.03.2015 um 09:06 schrieb Frank Blaschka <address@hidden>:
>>>>>> On Thu, Feb 26, 2015 at 04:34:06PM +0100, Alexander Graf wrote:
>>>>>>> On 26.02.15 16:27, Frank Blaschka wrote:
>>>>>>>> On Thu, Feb 26, 2015 at 03:39:15PM +0100, Alexander Graf wrote:
>>>>>>>>> On 26.02.15 12:59, Frank Blaschka wrote:
>>>>>>>>> This patch extends the current s390 pci implementation to
>>>>>>>>> provide more flexibility in configuration of s390 specific
>>>>>>>>> device handling. For this we had to introduce a new facility
>>>>>>>>> (and bus) to hold devices representing information actually
>>>>>>>>> provided by s390 firmware and I/O configuration.
>>>>>>>>> On s390 the physical structure of the pci system (bridge, bus, slot)
>>>>>>>>> in not shown to the OS. For this the pci bridge and bus created
>>>>>>>>> in qemu can also not be shown to the guest. The new zpci device class
>>>>>>>>> represents this abstract view on the bare pci function and allows to
>>>>>>>>> provide s390 specific configuration attributes for it.
>>>>>>>>> Sample qemu configuration:
>>>>>>>>> -device e1000,id=zpci1
>>>>>>>>> -device ne2k_pci,id=zpci2
>>>>>>>>> -device zpci,fid=2,uid=1248,pci_id=zpci1
>>>>>>>>> -device zpci,fid=17,uid=2244,pci_id=zpci2
>>>>>>>>> A zpci device references the corresponding PCI device via device id.
>>>>>>>>> The new design allows to define multiple host bridges and support more
>>>>>>>>> pci devices.
>>>>>>>> Isn't this reverse? Shouldn't it rather be
>>>>>>>>  -device zpci,...,id=zpci1
>>>>>>>>  -device e1000,bus=zpci1.0
>>>>>>>> with a limit on each virtual zpci bus to only support one device?
>>>>>>> Do you mean something like having multiple host bridges (providing a 
>>>>>>> pci bus
>>>>>>> each) and limit the bus to just one device?
>>>>>>> -device s390-pcihost,fid=16,uid=1234
>>>>>>> -device s390-pcihost,fid=17,uid=5678
>>>>>>> -device e1000,bus=pci.0
>>>>>>> -device ne2k_pci,bus=pci.1
>>>>>>> We also discussed this option but we don't like the idea to put 
>>>>>>> attributes
>>>>>>> belong to the pci device to the host bridge.
>>>>>> I guess I'm not grasping something obvious here :). What exactly are the
>>>>>> attributes again?
>>>>> Sorry for the late response, I was on vacation the last couple days.
>>>>> The fid and uid values are provided by microcode/io layer on the real 
>>>>> hardware.
>>>> So they are arbitrary numbers? What uniqueness constraints do we have on 
>>>> them?
>>> fid and uid must be unique within the same qemu. At a first look the 
>>> numbers are
>>> arbitrary but our configuration folks want explicitly define a particular 
>>> fid and uid
>>> to better support migration and pass-through scenarios.
>> Well, at the end of the day you want to make sure they're identical on
>> both sides, yes.
>>>> IIUC you can only have a single pcie device behind a virtual "bus" anyway, 
>>>> so what if we just calculate uid and fid from the bus id?
>>> I think this similar to the current implementation. We use the slot (idea 
>>> for the future was
>>> bus + slot) to generate uid and fid. But this is not flexible enough. As I 
>>> said, our
>>> configuration folks want to be able to specify fid and uid for the device.
>> I don't see how this is different from what PPC does with its LIOBN
>> which is a property of the PHB.
>> Alex
> I played arround with the idea of having multiple host bridges and this 
> worked well
> at least for static (non hotplug) configuration. In case I want to hotplug a 
> host
> bridge I got following error:
> (qemu) device_add s390-pcihost,fid=8,uid=9
> Bus 'main-system-bus' does not support hotplugging
> Is there anything I have to enable to support this?
> I have: has_dynamic_sysbus = 1 and cannot_instantiate_with_device_add_yet = 
> false
> but this seems not to help for the hotplug case.

Having s390 devices reside on sysbus is probably a bad idea. Instead,
they should be on an s390 specific bus which then can implement hotplug


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