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[Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3] curl: refuse to open URL from HTTP server withou

From: Fam Zheng
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3] curl: refuse to open URL from HTTP server without range support
Date: Tue, 2 Jul 2013 15:19:21 +0800

CURL driver requests partial data from server on guest IO req. For HTTP
and HTTPS, it uses "Range: ***" in requests, and this will not work if
server not accepting range. This patch does this check when open.

 * Removed curl_size_cb, which is not used: On one hand it's registered to
   which will get called with *data*, not *header*. On the other hand the
   s->len is assigned unconditionally later.

   In this gone function, the sscanf for "Content-Length: %zd", on
   (void *)ptr, which is not guaranteed to be zero-terminated, is
   potentially a security bug. So this patch fixes it as a side-effect. The
   bug is reported as: https://bugs.launchpad.net/qemu/+bug/1188943
   (Note the bug is marked "private" so you might not be able to see it)

 * Introduced curl_header_cb, which is used to parse header and mark the
   server as accepting range if "Accept-Ranges: bytes" line is seen from
   response header. If protocol is HTTP or HTTPS, but server response has
   no not this support, refuse to open this URL.

Note that python builtin module SimpleHTTPServer is an example of not
supporting range, if you need to test this driver, get a better server
or use internet URLs.

Signed-off-by: Fam Zheng <address@hidden>


v3: Fix copy&paste error.
    Improve error text as suggested by Rich.


 block/curl.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/curl.c b/block/curl.c
index b8935fd..5f75fd9 100644
--- a/block/curl.c
+++ b/block/curl.c
@@ -81,6 +81,7 @@ typedef struct BDRVCURLState {
     CURLState states[CURL_NUM_STATES];
     char *url;
     size_t readahead_size;
+    bool accept_range;
 static void curl_clean_state(CURLState *s);
@@ -110,14 +111,15 @@ static int curl_sock_cb(CURL *curl, curl_socket_t fd, int 
     return 0;
-static size_t curl_size_cb(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *opaque)
+static size_t curl_header_cb(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void 
-    CURLState *s = ((CURLState*)opaque);
+    BDRVCURLState *s = opaque;
     size_t realsize = size * nmemb;
-    size_t fsize;
+    const char *accept_line = "Accept-Ranges: bytes";
-    if(sscanf(ptr, "Content-Length: %zd", &fsize) == 1) {
-        s->s->len = fsize;
+    if (realsize >= strlen(accept_line)
+        && strncmp((char *)ptr, accept_line, strlen(accept_line)) == 0) {
+        s->accept_range = true;
     return realsize;
@@ -441,8 +443,11 @@ static int curl_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, 
int flags)
     // Get file size
+    s->accept_range = false;
     curl_easy_setopt(state->curl, CURLOPT_NOBODY, 1);
-    curl_easy_setopt(state->curl, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, (void *)curl_size_cb);
+    curl_easy_setopt(state->curl, CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION,
+                     curl_header_cb);
+    curl_easy_setopt(state->curl, CURLOPT_HEADERDATA, s);
     if (curl_easy_perform(state->curl))
         goto out;
     curl_easy_getinfo(state->curl, CURLINFO_CONTENT_LENGTH_DOWNLOAD, &d);
@@ -452,6 +457,13 @@ static int curl_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, 
int flags)
         s->len = (size_t)d;
     else if(!s->len)
         goto out;
+    if ((!strncasecmp(s->url, "http://";, strlen("http://";))
+        || !strncasecmp(s->url, "https://";, strlen("https://";)))
+        && !s->accept_range) {
+        pstrcpy(state->errmsg, CURL_ERROR_SIZE,
+                "Server does not support 'range' (byte ranges).");
+        goto out;
+    }
     DPRINTF("CURL: Size = %zd\n", s->len);

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