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Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v2] qemu-ga: Add the guest-suspend command

From: Michael Roth
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v2] qemu-ga: Add the guest-suspend command
Date: Wed, 14 Dec 2011 09:54:29 -0600
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686 on x86_64; rv:8.0) Gecko/20111105 Thunderbird/8.0

On 12/14/2011 07:00 AM, Luiz Capitulino wrote:
On Tue, 13 Dec 2011 14:03:08 -0600
Michael Roth<address@hidden>  wrote:

On 12/13/2011 12:28 PM, Luiz Capitulino wrote:
It supports two modes: "hibernate" (which corresponds to S4) and
"sleep" (which corresponds to S3). It will try to execute the
pm-hibernate or pm-suspend scripts, if the scripts don't exist
the command will try to suspend by directly writing to the
"/sys/power/state" file.

An interesting implementation detail is how to cleanup the child's
status on termination, so that we don't create zombies. I've
choosen to ignore the SIGCHLD signal. This will cause the kernel to
automatically cleanup the child's status on its termination.

One downside to blocking SIGCHLD is it can screw with child processes
that utilize it. `sudo` for instance will just hang indefinitely because
it handles it's own cleanup via SIGCHLD, we might run into similar cases
with various pm-hibernate/pm-suspend implementations as well.

This will also screw with anything we launch via guest-exec as well,
once that goes in.

I wonder if we can tie the qemu_add_child_watch() stuff into qemu-ga's
main loop, or maybe just implement something similar...


   - add a qemu-ga.c:signal_channel_add() that creates a non-blocking
pipe and associate the read-side with a GIOChannel, then ties the
channel into the main loop via g_io_add_watch() on qemu-ga startup, with
an associated callback that reads everything off the pipe, then iterates
through a list of registered pids and does a non-blocking wait(pid, ...)
on each.

   - add a SIGCHLD handler that writes a 1 to the write side of the pipe
whenever it gets called

Is the pipe really needed? Is there any side effect if we call waitpid()
from the signal handler considering it won't block?

In the current state of things, I believe that might actually be sufficient. I was thinking of the eventual guest-exec case though: we need to be able to poll for a guest-exec'd process' return status asynchronously by calling a guest-exec-status command that does the wait(), so if we use a waitpid(-1, ...) SIGCHLD handler, or block SIGCHLD, the return status would be intercepted/lost.

I'm also wondering if we could use g_child_watch_add(), but it's not clear
to me if it works with processes not created with g_spawn_*() functions.

GPid's map to something other than PIDs on Windows, so I think we'd have issues there. But our fork() approach probably wouldn't work at all on Windows except maybe under cygwin, so at some point we'd probably want to switch over to g_spawn for this kind of stuff anyway...

So this might be a good point to switch over to using the glib functions.

Would you mind trying to do the hibernate/zombie reaping stuff using g_spawn+g_child_watch_add()? It might end up being the easiest route. Otherwise I can take a look at it later today.

Then, when creating a child, you just register the child by adding the
pid to the list that the signal channel callback checks.

Signed-off-by: Luiz Capitulino<address@hidden>

I've tested this w/o any virtio driver, as they don't support S4 yet. For
S4 it seems to work ok. I couldn't fully test S3 because we lack a way to
resume from it, but by checking the logs it seems to work fine.



o Rename the command to 'guest-suspend'
o Add 'mode' parameter
o Use pm-utils scripts
o Cleanup child termination status

   qapi-schema-guest.json     |   17 +++++++++++
   qemu-ga.c                  |   11 +++++++-
   qga/guest-agent-commands.c |   64 
   3 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/qapi-schema-guest.json b/qapi-schema-guest.json
index 29989fe..656bde9 100644
--- a/qapi-schema-guest.json
+++ b/qapi-schema-guest.json
@@ -219,3 +219,20 @@
   { 'command': 'guest-fsfreeze-thaw',
     'returns': 'int' }
+# @guest-suspend
+# Suspend guest execution by entering ACPI power state S3 or S4.
+# @mode: 'hibernate' RAM content is saved in the disk and the guest is
+#                    powered down (this corresponds to ACPI S4)
+#        'sleep'     execution is suspended but the RAM retains its contents
+#                    (this corresponds to ACPI S3)
+# Notes: This is an asynchronous request. There's no guarantee it will
+# succeed. Errors will be logged to guest's syslog.
+# Since: 1.1
+{ 'command': 'guest-suspend', 'data': { 'mode': 'str' } }
diff --git a/qemu-ga.c b/qemu-ga.c
index 60d4972..b32e96c 100644
--- a/qemu-ga.c
+++ b/qemu-ga.c
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ static void quit_handler(int sig)

   static void register_signal_handlers(void)
-    struct sigaction sigact;
+    struct sigaction sigact, sigact_chld;
       int ret;

       memset(&sigact, 0, sizeof(struct sigaction));
@@ -76,6 +76,15 @@ static void register_signal_handlers(void)
       if (ret == -1) {
           g_error("error configuring signal handler: %s", strerror(errno));
+    /* This should cause the kernel to automatically cleanup child
+       termination status */
+    memset(&sigact_chld, 0, sizeof(struct sigaction));
+    sigact_chld.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
+    ret = sigaction(SIGCHLD,&sigact_chld, NULL);
+    if (ret == -1) {
+        g_error("error configuring signal handler: %s", strerror(errno));
+    }

   static void usage(const char *cmd)
diff --git a/qga/guest-agent-commands.c b/qga/guest-agent-commands.c
index a09c8ca..4799638 100644
--- a/qga/guest-agent-commands.c
+++ b/qga/guest-agent-commands.c
@@ -574,6 +574,70 @@ int64_t qmp_guest_fsfreeze_thaw(Error **err)

+#define LINUX_PM_UTILS_PATH "/usr/sbin"
+#define LINUX_SYS_STATE_FILE "/sys/power/state"
+void qmp_guest_suspend(const char *mode, Error **err)
+    int ret, fd = -1;
+    const char *pmutils_bin;
+    char pmutils_bin_path[PATH_MAX];
+    if (strcmp(mode, "hibernate") == 0) {
+        pmutils_bin = "pm-hibernate";
+    } else if (strcmp(mode, "sleep") == 0) {
+        pmutils_bin = "pm-suspend";
+    } else {
+        error_set(err, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER, "mode");
+        return;
+    }
+    snprintf(pmutils_bin_path, sizeof(pmutils_bin_path), "%s/%s",
+             LINUX_PM_UTILS_PATH, pmutils_bin);
+    if (access(pmutils_bin_path, X_OK) != 0) {
+        pmutils_bin = NULL;
+        fd = open(LINUX_SYS_STATE_FILE, O_WRONLY);
+        if (fd<   0) {
+            error_set(err, QERR_OPEN_FILE_FAILED, LINUX_SYS_STATE_FILE);
+            return;
+        }
+    }
+    ret = fork();
+    if (ret == 0) {
+        /* child */
+        setsid();
+        fclose(stdin);
+        fclose(stdout);
+        fclose(stderr);
+        if (pmutils_bin) {
+            ret = execl(pmutils_bin_path, pmutils_bin, NULL);
+            if (ret) {
+                 slog("%s failed: %s", pmutils_bin_path, strerror(errno));
+             }
+        } else {
+            const char *cmd = strcmp(mode, "sleep") == 0 ? "mem" : "disk";
+            ret = write(fd, cmd, strlen(cmd));
+            if (ret<   0) {
+                slog("can't write to %s: %s\n", LINUX_SYS_STATE_FILE,
+                     strerror(errno));
+            }
+            close(fd);
+        }
+        exit(!!ret);
+    } else if (ret<   0) {
+        error_set(err, QERR_UNDEFINED_ERROR);
+        return;
+    }
+    if (!pmutils_bin) {
+        close(fd);
+    }
   /* register init/cleanup routines for stateful command groups */
   void ga_command_state_init(GAState *s, GACommandState *cs)

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