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Mon, 2 Jul 2012 09:50:14 -0400
Thank you very much for your detailed info. I use CVS1.11.21. We cannot use
gserver, sspi or ssh for authentication with a lots of reasons I don't want to
explain it in details.
CVSROOT/passwd is fine for us. Just want to simplify our process and eliminate
'step 5' or replace 'step 5' with some kind of cvs command.
BTW, CVS1.11.21 works very well.
Really appreciated your help.
From: Arthur Barrett [mailto:address@hidden
Sent: Friday, June 29, 2012 11:21 PM
To: Zhao, Jing; address@hidden
Subject: RE: passwd
Your question is more complex that it first appears.
i) the answer depends on which version of CVS server and client you are using,
and potentially the operating system of each. Eg: CVSNT 2.8.01 on Red Hat
Linux server is different to CVS 1.11.
ii) there are several different authentication protocols - the most secure do
not use any passwords sent in clear text like passwd/pserver does. Eg:
gserver, sspi, ssh (with keys), sserver (with keys) etc. For 'native'
authentication you don't 'add users' to cvs, you add them to the host operating
system. Depending on the version of CVS you may be able to use CVSROOT/passwd
to 'restrict' access to CVS to some host users.
iii) the passwd file is primarily used by pserver protocol. Generally as a
rule of thumb, the pserver protocol is insecure and rarely recommended.
iv) if you are using pserver, you can use 'native' authentication (again no
need to add anything to CVSROOT/passwd) using SystemAuth=yes in CVSROOT/config
or you can use non-native authentication using CVSROOT/passwd
v) if you are user pserver, with non-native authentication and CVS 1.11 then
you can either add passwd directly to the CVSROOT directory in the server, or
you can 'checkout' CVSROOT and add passwd to 'checkoutlist'
and the CVSROOT directory and 'commit' it. To generate the passwords
you'll need some tool that generates linux passwords.
vi) if you are user pserver, with non-native authentication and CVSNT
2.5 or later on linux or windows then you can use 'cvs passwd' from the client
or the server.
Implementing CVS well takes some work - I recommend you get a good book on the
subject from Amazon or your favourite technical books seller. I had a hand in
writing 'All About CVS' or there is the ever popular 'Essential CVS' or many
> -----Original Message-----
> org] On Behalf Of Zhao, Jing
> Sent: Saturday, 30 June 2012 1:23 AM
> To: 'address@hidden'
> Subject: passwd
> Could you shed some light on how to add new user to cvs repository?
> This is what I do as follows:
> 1. cvs co CVSROOT
> 2. cd CVSROOT
> 3. vi passwd # add new users
> 4. cvs ci -m "adding xxxx"
> 5. I have to physically login to CVS repository server, go to CVSROOT
> directory, then drop this latest passwd file over there, otherwise, it
> would not work.
> Is there any command to eliminate step 5? I checked 'cvs admin'
> command, I did not see how to do that.
> Appreciate you any help.
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