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Re: How to boot a memory stick image of a hard drive?

From: Pascal Hambourg
Subject: Re: How to boot a memory stick image of a hard drive?
Date: Sat, 8 Jul 2017 20:37:55 +0200
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/52.2.1

Le 08/07/2017 à 09:21, address@hidden a écrit :

I am using a Debian distro - Knoppix 6.4.3 - pretty old but known to be reliable.

I know Knoppix only by name but I would be surprised that it does not use an initramfs.

It sounds like I need to teach that kernel how to find and mount its root filesystem. Previously I would fiddle the MBR with fdisk and eventually get things to run.

With the USB now in the picture, I am not sure that can be done with that kernel?

If the kernel uses an initramfs, USB host and mass storage drivers modules must be included in the initramfs. Otherwise, USB drivers must be built into the kernel image (not built as modules).

If you built your own custom kernel which does not use an initramfs, USB drivers must be embedded in the kernel image, not built as modules.

In Debian the standard initramfs generator provides an option to generate a compact initramfs including only the modules needed for the current system, instead of the generic initramfs including all the usual storage modules.

Also, /dev/sda may not be the USB stick if the machine has other drives. If the system uses an initramfs, it would be safer to use the UUID=<root-fs-uuid> syntax to specify the root filesystem.

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