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Re: Create legacy bios/uefi dual boot usb stick

From: Andrei Borzenkov
Subject: Re: Create legacy bios/uefi dual boot usb stick
Date: Wed, 23 Dec 2015 18:14:06 +0300
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/38.4.0

23.12.2015 17:12, John Frankish пишет:
>>>>> ..there is no error message, uefi boot works fine, but legacy bios 
>>>>> boot fails with an "invalid partition table" error
>>>> Where this error comes from? I do not see this string in GRUB sources 
>>>> and it really does not care; it would stop in rescue mode then
>>> I guess the error message comes from the machine's bios - the legacy boot 
>>> doesn't get as far as starting grub.
>>>> Recently someone reported problem with booting rescue image on legacy 
>>>> BIOS
>>>>  - it would refuse to consider medium bootable unless medium has
>>>> *msdos* partition table with active partition. This sounds like it could 
>>>> be the reason.
>>> I'm not sure I understand - I thought the "EF02 BIOS boot partition" 
>>> achieved this aim?
>> BIOS boot is still GPT partition.
>>> If not, what would the gpt partition table above look like including an 
>>> *msdos* partition table with active partition?
>> You can start with creating standard MSDOS partition table.
>> EFI should be able to boot from it as well; and there is MSDOS partition 
>> type reserved for ESP (0xef).
>> Install grub in MBR. If booting still fails, try to mark second partition 
>> bootable.
> Thanks, this works:
> $ sudo fdisk /dev/sdc
> ...
>    Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks  Id System
> /dev/sdc1   *           2         128     1020127+ ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)

Could you do me a favor and test if it also still works without any
active partition?

> /dev/sdc2             129        3797    29471242+ 83 Linux
> ...
> $ sudo x86_64-grub-install --target=x86_64-efi 
> --boot-directory=/mnt/sdc1/EFI/BOOT --efi-directory=/mnt/sdc1 --removable
> Installation finished. No error reported.
> $ sudo x86_64-grub-install --target=i386-pc 
> --boot-directory=/mnt/sdc1/EFI/BOOT /dev/sdc
> Installation finished. No error reported.

Hmm ... are sizes above in cylinders?

> ..and both legacy-bios and uefi boot work.

There are reports that some EFI systems need GPT ... but I would suggest
to leave it until you actually hit such system.

> I still don't see why this doesn't work on gpt formatted media, but fine..

That's the question to your BIOS vendor :) Apparently it tries to be too
smart and "protect" you against errors.

> ...and now (eventually) for the legacy-bios/uefi boot cd/iso ;)

If you aim at pure CD (not hybrid CD/HDD image) that is the most easy
part :)

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