[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: ispell select Emacs dictionary on Debian

From: Felix Dietrich
Subject: Re: ispell select Emacs dictionary on Debian
Date: Tue, 27 Jul 2021 07:17:06 +0200
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/27.1 (gnu/linux)

Emanuel Berg via Users list for the GNU Emacs text editor
<> writes:

> As described in the previous post, Debian seems to react upon the
> installation of the iamerican-insane package as with the superuser
> script [select-default-ispell] to set the dictionary that alternative
> does show up.

The iamerican packages call in their postinst script [1]
“update-default-ispell” which will call the function
“build_emacsen_support”; this function creates the file
with entries for ‘ispell-dictionary-alist’ (indirectly,
see the function ‘debian-ispell-initialize-dicts-alist’
and the hook ‘ispell-initialize-spellchecker-hook’).

> However after that with `ispell-change-dictionary' the
> alternatives are still only
>   american
>   default
>   svenska

“emacsen-ispell-dicts.el” is only read at start-up [2].  If you install a
new dictionary, an already running Emacs will not know about it.  You may
try to reinitialise the dictionary with the following snippet:

      (setq debian-ispell-only-dictionary-alist nil
        debian-aspell-only-dictionary-alist nil
        debian-hunspell-only-dictionary-alist nil
        ispell-dictionary-alist nil)
      (load-file "/var/cache/dictionaries-common/emacsen-ispell-dicts.el")
      ;; There is a setter associated with ‘ispell-program-name’ which
      ;; calls ‘ispell-set-spellchecker-params’.  Calling this function
      ;; directly does not work; I donʼt understand why.
      (setq ispell-program-name "ispell"))

For testing purposes, start Emacs with the “-q” (“--no-init-file”)
switch.  Do the dictionaries show up then in the dialog of
‘ispell-change-dictionary’?  Do you use a custom built Emacs or the
Debian package?

> If I remove all iamerican-* packages the american alternative
> go away. I don't know if this is related to the iamerican
> package in particular but that seems reasonable.

It is connected to the action of removing the dictionary: ispell filters
the list of ‘ispell-dictionary-alist’ for the dialog: it will only
display those entries whose dictionary files exist.

> But then why aren't the iamerican-small, iamerican-large,
> iamerican-huge, and iamerican-insane there whenever _they_
> are installed?

To reiterate: their entries are added on installation of the respective
package to the file emacsen-ispell-dicts.el; this file is only loaded at

> PS. The Swedish dictionary doesn't work either. It saysff
>     "ispell-init-process: Illegal format hash table
>     /usr/lib/ispell/svenska.hash - expected magic2 0x9602, got
>     0x414c"

Does not work for me either.  Seems like a bug.  Please report it.
Meanwhile, try recreating the .hash file manually (requires the wswedish

    buildhash /usr/share/dict/svenska /usr/lib/ispell/svenska.aff \

[1]  If you have the package installed you may read their content here:
     </var/lib/dpkg/info/iamerican.postinst>.  Otherwise, download the
     package and open it: the file is in the subarchive

[2]  </etc/emacs/site-start.d/50dictionaries-common.el>

Felix Dietrich

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]