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Re: shell-command parameters


From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: Re: shell-command parameters
Date: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 22:40:15 +0200

> From: rustom <address@hidden>
> Date: Tue, 6 Jan 2009 07:02:14 -0800 (PST)
> 
> On Jan 6, 7:29 pm, Kevin Rodgers <address@hidden> wrote:
> > rustom wrote:
> > > But I still wonder what shell is running in windows emacs?
> >
> > ,----[ C-h v shell-file-name RET ]
> > | shell-file-name is a variable defined in `src/callproc.c'.
> > | Its value is "/bin/bash"
> 
> 
> Thanks. Thats the variable I was looking for.
> It turns out to be /path/to/emacs/bin/cmdproxy.exe
> Changing it to c:/cygwin/bin/bash.exe makes it work as expected (by a
> unix user)
> 
> I wonder does emacs go out of its way to make life difficult for a
> windows user?  MS does a good job of this without help from emacs :-)
> I mean 'cmd' has one expected behavior; shell has another. Why make
> the 'shell' variable point to a cmd imitation?

cmdproxy is not an imitation of CMD, it's a _proxy_ which eventually
invokes the real CMD.EXE.  Thus its name.

As to the reasons why this is needed, here's the relevant commentary
from cmdproxy.c:

   Accepts subset of Unix sh(1) command-line options, for compatibility
   with elisp code written for Unix.  When possible, executes external
   programs directly (a common use of /bin/sh by Emacs), otherwise
   invokes the user-specified command processor to handle built-in shell
   commands, batch files and interactive mode.

   The main function is simply to process the "-c string" option in the
   way /bin/sh does, since the standard Windows command shells use the
   convention that everything after "/c" (the Windows equivalent of
   "-c") is the input string.





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