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[bug#36957] [PATCH 1/5] machine: Allow non-root users to deploy.

From: Jakob L. Kreuze
Subject: [bug#36957] [PATCH 1/5] machine: Allow non-root users to deploy.
Date: Thu, 15 Aug 2019 04:05:04 -0400
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/26.2 (gnu/linux)

* doc/guix.texi (Invoking guix deploy): Add section describing
prerequisites for deploying as a non-root user.
* guix/remote.scm (remote-pipe-for-gexp): New optional 'become-command'
(%remote-eval): New optional 'become-command' argument.
(remote-eval): New 'become-command' keyword argument.
* guix/ssh.scm (remote-inferior): New optional 'become-command'
(inferior-remote-eval): New optional 'become-command' argument.
(remote-authorize-signing-key): New optional 'become-command' argument.
* gnu/machine/ssh.scm (machine-become-command): New variable.
(managed-host-remote-eval): Invoke 'remote-eval' with the
'#:become-command' keyword.
(deploy-managed-host): Invoke 'remote-authorize-signing-key' with the
'#:become-command' keyword.
 doc/guix.texi       | 10 ++++++++
 gnu/machine/ssh.scm |  8 +++++++
 guix/remote.scm     | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 guix/ssh.scm        | 25 ++++++++++++++------
 4 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/doc/guix.texi b/doc/guix.texi
index a7facf4701..e5cec7ad25 100644
--- a/doc/guix.texi
+++ b/doc/guix.texi
@@ -25514,6 +25514,7 @@ evaluates to.  As an example, @var{file} might contain 
a definition like this:
        (environment managed-host-environment-type)
        (configuration (machine-ssh-configuration
                        (host-name "localhost")
+                       (user "alice")
                        (identity "./id_rsa")
                        (port 2222)))))
 @end example
@@ -25546,6 +25547,15 @@ accepts store items it receives from the coordinator:
 # guix archive --authorize < coordinator-public-key.txt
 @end example
+@code{user}, in this example, specifies the name of the user account to log in
+as to perform the deployment.  Its default value is @code{root}, but root
+login over SSH may be forbidden in some cases.  To work around this,
+@command{guix deploy} can log in as an unprivileged user and employ
+@code{sudo} to escalate privileges.  This will only work if @code{sudo} is
+currently installed on the remote and can be invoked non-interactively as
+@code{user}.  That is: the line in @code{sudoers} granting @code{user} the
+ability to use @code{sudo} must contain the @code{NOPASSWD} tag.
 @deftp {Data Type} machine
 This is the data type representing a single machine in a heterogeneous Guix
diff --git a/gnu/machine/ssh.scm b/gnu/machine/ssh.scm
index 670990a633..fb15d39e61 100644
--- a/gnu/machine/ssh.scm
+++ b/gnu/machine/ssh.scm
@@ -101,6 +101,14 @@ one from the configuration's parameters if one was not 
 ;;; Remote evaluation.
+(define (machine-become-command machine)
+  "Return as a list of strings the program and arguments necessary to run a
+shell command with escalated privileges for MACHINE's configuration."
+  (if (string= "root" (machine-ssh-configuration-user
+                       (machine-configuration machine)))
+      '()
+      '("/run/setuid-programs/sudo" "-n" "--")))
 (define (managed-host-remote-eval machine exp)
   "Internal implementation of 'machine-remote-eval' for MACHINE instances with
 an environment type of 'managed-host."
diff --git a/guix/remote.scm b/guix/remote.scm
index bcac64ea7a..d8124e41ab 100644
--- a/guix/remote.scm
+++ b/guix/remote.scm
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@
   #:use-module (guix utils)
   #:use-module (ssh popen)
   #:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
+  #:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
+  #:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
   #:use-module (ice-9 match)
   #:export (remote-eval))
@@ -41,29 +43,41 @@
 ;;; Code:
-(define (remote-pipe-for-gexp lowered session)
-  "Return a remote pipe for the given SESSION to evaluate LOWERED."
+(define* (remote-pipe-for-gexp lowered session #:optional become-command)
+  "Return a remote pipe for the given SESSION to evaluate LOWERED.  If
+BECOME-COMMAND is given, use that to invoke the remote Guile REPL."
   (define shell-quote
     (compose object->string object->string))
-  (apply open-remote-pipe* session OPEN_READ
-         (string-append (derivation-input-output-path
-                         (lowered-gexp-guile lowered))
-                        "/bin/guile")
-         "--no-auto-compile"
-         (append (append-map (lambda (directory)
-                               `("-L" ,directory))
-                             (lowered-gexp-load-path lowered))
-                 (append-map (lambda (directory)
-                               `("-C" ,directory))
-                             (lowered-gexp-load-path lowered))
-                 `("-c"
-                   ,(shell-quote (lowered-gexp-sexp lowered))))))
+  (define repl-command
+    (append (or become-command '())
+            (list
+             (string-append (derivation-input-output-path
+                             (lowered-gexp-guile lowered))
+                            "/bin/guile")
+             "--no-auto-compile")
+            (append-map (lambda (directory)
+                          `("-L" ,directory))
+                        (lowered-gexp-load-path lowered))
+            (append-map (lambda (directory)
+                          `("-C" ,directory))
+                        (lowered-gexp-load-path lowered))
+            `("-c"
+              ,(shell-quote (lowered-gexp-sexp lowered)))))
-(define (%remote-eval lowered session)
+  (let ((pipe (apply open-remote-pipe* session OPEN_READ repl-command)))
+    (when (eof-object? (peek-char pipe))
+      (raise (condition
+              (&message
+               (message (format #f (G_ "failed to run '~{~a~^ ~}'")
+                                repl-command))))))
+    pipe))
+(define* (%remote-eval lowered session #:optional become-command)
   "Evaluate LOWERED, a lowered gexp, in SESSION.  This assumes that all the
-prerequisites of EXP are already available on the host at SESSION."
-  (let* ((pipe   (remote-pipe-for-gexp lowered session))
+prerequisites of EXP are already available on the host at SESSION.  If
+BECOME-COMMAND is given, use that to invoke the remote Guile REPL."
+  (let* ((pipe   (remote-pipe-for-gexp lowered session become-command))
          (result (read-repl-response pipe)))
     (close-port pipe)
@@ -92,7 +106,8 @@ result to the current output port using the (guix repl) 
                       (build-locally? #t)
                       (system (%current-system))
                       (module-path %load-path)
-                      (socket-name "/var/guix/daemon-socket/socket"))
+                      (socket-name "/var/guix/daemon-socket/socket")
+                      (become-command #f))
   "Evaluate EXP, a gexp, on the host at SESSION, an SSH session.  Ensure that
 all the elements EXP refers to are built and deployed to SESSION beforehand.
 When BUILD-LOCALLY? is true, said dependencies are built locally and sent to
@@ -119,7 +134,7 @@ remote store."
             (built-derivations inputs)
             ((store-lift send-files) to-send remote #:recursive? #t)
             (return (close-connection remote))
-            (return (%remote-eval lowered session))))
+            (return (%remote-eval lowered session become-command))))
         (let ((to-send (append (map (compose derivation-file-name
@@ -128,4 +143,4 @@ remote store."
             ((store-lift send-files) to-send remote #:recursive? #t)
             (return (build-derivations remote inputs))
             (return (close-connection remote))
-            (return (%remote-eval lowered session)))))))
+            (return (%remote-eval lowered session become-command)))))))
diff --git a/guix/ssh.scm b/guix/ssh.scm
index 9b5ca68894..90311127a1 100644
--- a/guix/ssh.scm
+++ b/guix/ssh.scm
@@ -98,16 +98,27 @@ specifies; otherwise use them.  Throw an error on failure."
                 (message (format #f (G_ "SSH connection to '~a' failed: ~a~%")
                                  host (get-error session))))))))))
-(define (remote-inferior session)
-  "Return a remote inferior for the given SESSION."
-  (let ((pipe (open-remote-pipe* session OPEN_BOTH
-                                 "guix" "repl" "-t" "machine")))
+(define* (remote-inferior session #:optional become-command)
+  "Return a remote inferior for the given SESSION.  If BECOME-COMMAND is
+given, use that to invoke the remote Guile REPL."
+  (let* ((repl-command (append (or become-command '())
+                               '("guix" "repl" "-t" "machine")))
+         (pipe (apply open-remote-pipe* session OPEN_BOTH repl-command)))
+    ;; XXX: 'channel-get-exit-status' would be better here, but hangs if the
+    ;; process does succeed. This doesn't reflect the documentation, so it's
+    ;; possible that it's a bug in guile-ssh.
+    (when (eof-object? (peek-char pipe))
+      (raise (condition
+              (&message
+               (message (format #f (G_ "failed to run '~{~a~^ ~}'")
+                                repl-command))))))
     (port->inferior pipe)))
-(define (inferior-remote-eval exp session)
+(define* (inferior-remote-eval exp session #:optional become-command)
   "Evaluate EXP in a new inferior running in SESSION, and close the inferior
-right away."
-  (let ((inferior (remote-inferior session)))
+right away.  If BECOME-COMMAND is given, use that to invoke the remote Guile
+  (let ((inferior (remote-inferior session become-command)))
       (const #t)
       (lambda ()

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