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Re: [Groff] embedding pictures or images?

From: Deri James
Subject: Re: [Groff] embedding pictures or images?
Date: Sat, 24 Apr 2010 00:25:23 +0100
User-agent: KMail/1.13.2 (Linux/; KDE/4.4.2; x86_64; ; )

On Friday 23 April 2010 22:29:20 Werner LEMBERG wrote:
> > Is there a way to include a jpeg or png image in a groff file?  No
> > hack too cheap!
> Basically, the answer is no.  Assuming that you want to create a PDF
> file, you have to convert everything to PostScript first, including
> images.
> On the other hand, Deri James has written a PDF driver (gropdf) for
> troff, so following his route you should be able to embed such images
> into a PDF directly.  However, I don't know whether his driver is
> mature enough to support such images formats natively.
> (for an improved binary)
>     Werner

If you want to embed a graphic into postscript output you have to convert the 
format to EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) and then you can use the .PSPIC macro 
to embed the .eps.

See 'man groff_tmac'.

Alternatively if you want to try the direct PDF driver, I've just uploaded an 
"experimental" version which supports embedding an external pdf file within 
troff. So, to embed a png or jpg you need to include the graphic within its 
own pdf file (called say 'my.pdf'), then include this in your troff file:-

\X'pdf: pdfpic my.pdf -L 3i'

and call groff as:-

groff -Tpdf my.trf > mynew.pdf

Currently the flag '-L'  (left aligned) is ignored, but must be there. The 
'3i' scales the PDF to have a width of 3 inches.

Note: Using this PDF driver allows you to use transparency and masks whereas 
.eps does not support transparency at all. Also, ths part of 'gropdf' is new, 
not well tested, but using 'inkscape' to create the included pdf seems to work 



PS Other new things in this version of 'gropdf' are:-

a) It supports the PIC rotation code that Ted's Xmas card demoed (using 

b) Really experimental!!It supports embedding a flash file (.swf) in troff!! 
Don't ask - oh ok, a client wanted to know if it was possible to do animated 
graphs within a "Valuation Booklet"!!!



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