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Re: Clock synchronization problem of modulated signal: How to set the pa
Re: Clock synchronization problem of modulated signal: How to set the parameters to make the synchronization effect better?
Thu, 3 Jun 2021 12:12:07 +0200
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On 03.06.21 10:28, ???????? wrote:
> ?0?2 I am trying to modulate an unconventional signal. Its constellation
> points are not as
> beautiful as QPSK or QAM.
So, what are they? This might be very relevant to synchronization aspects.
important: is the average of all your symbols after source coding and channel
coding still 0?
> then use "polyphase arbitrary resampler" for pulse shaping,
Unusual choice! You'd almost always want to use an interpolating FIR filter for
What is the pulse shape you're using? This defines which synchronization
algorithms can work.
> because some constellation points are too close, the distinction is not very
> obvious. I
> want to know how to set the parameters to achieve a better synchronization
This really depends on your constellation! You'll have to tell us more about it.
It's also an indication for why your constellation might not be a good idea, if
what you see at the receiver:
You're literally telling us "there's a high probability that the receiver
symbol for another", which means that you're not making good use of the
channel, i.e. the
mutual information between output and input of your channel is not as high as
So, I assume you use that constellation for some other reason, some constraint
don't know: Often, such constraints do have influence on synchronization!
I think you'll want to tell us *why* you chose that constellation.
> In addition, I also need to add frequency offset and multipath effects later.
> to the CMA equalizer in the "QPSK Modulation and Demodulation
> Tutorial",it?0?2only works on
> signals that have a constant amplitude, or modulus.?0?2What other existing
> ones can be easily
> removed Any method or module for frequency phase shift and multipath effect
> of any signal?
Well, equalization is very system-dependent; when simple statistical properties
(e.g., constant envelope for CMA) don't work, then you need something specific
your channel. We don't know enough about your system, and its motivation, to
For example, I wonder: Maybe pilot symbols are a good idea? But what about the
that led to your special constellation, are they in conflict with that? Maybe
FBMC or OFDM
solve the multipath problem more elegantly? ...