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bug#44627: 25.2; tempsetmodes handling does not update extended attribut

From: Michael Young
Subject: bug#44627: 25.2; tempsetmodes handling does not update extended attributes
Date: Fri, 13 Nov 2020 23:50:28 -0500
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/78.3.1

This bug report will be sent to the Bug-GNU-Emacs mailing list
and the GNU bug tracker at debbugs.gnu.org.  Please check that
the From: line contains a valid email address.  After a delay of up
to one day, you should receive an acknowledgment at that address.

Please write in English if possible, as the Emacs maintainers
usually do not have translators for other languages.

Please describe exactly what actions triggered the bug, and
the precise symptoms of the bug.  If you can, give a recipe
starting from 'emacs -Q':

Open a read-only file, toggle read-only mode, and modify the file.
Attempt to save the file.
Answer "yes" to the prompt
  File <FILENAME> is write-protected; try to save anyway? (yes or no)

If the filesystem housing <FILENAME> supports extended attributes,
the attempt to temporarily change the file mode doesn't do anything,
and the subsequent attempt to write fails in basic-save-buffer-2:
    Opening output file: Permission denied, <FILENAME>

This section of files.el appears to be the problem:

It retrieves the extended attributes, but then does not make any changes
to them before setting them.  If the attempt to set the extended
attributes fails, it falls back on set-file-modes to set the
POSIX user write permission (128) -- that appears to work as intended.

I'm not sure whether the right fix is to add the write bit in the 
ACL entry somehow, or to execute the set-file-modes (with the 128 bit)
even when there are extended attirbutes.  The description of
file-extended-attributes at the top of files.el says that they
are platform-specific metadata, so it's not clear to me how to
modify the ACL in a portable way, or if there is library support
for doing that.

I have encountered this behavior in several different versions of emacs,
including 25.2.2 and 27.1.

Let me know if you need any more information.

Thanks for your support!

If Emacs crashed, and you have the Emacs process in the gdb debugger,
please include the output from the following gdb commands:
    'bt full' and 'xbacktrace'.
For information about debugging Emacs, please read the file

In GNU Emacs 25.2.2 (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, GTK+ Version 3.22.21)
 of 2017-09-22, modified by Debian built on lgw01-amd64-050
System Description:     Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS

Configured using:
 'configure --build x86_64-linux-gnu --prefix=/usr
 --sharedstatedir=/var/lib --libexecdir=/usr/lib
 --localstatedir=/var/lib --infodir=/usr/share/info
 --mandir=/usr/share/man --with-pop=yes
 --with-sound=alsa --without-gconf --build x86_64-linux-gnu
 --prefix=/usr --sharedstatedir=/var/lib --libexecdir=/usr/lib
 --localstatedir=/var/lib --infodir=/usr/share/info
 --mandir=/usr/share/man --with-pop=yes
 --with-sound=alsa --without-gconf --with-x=yes --with-x-toolkit=gtk3
 --with-toolkit-scroll-bars 'CFLAGS=-g -O2
 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wall' 'CPPFLAGS=-Wdate-time
 -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2' 'LDFLAGS=-Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro''

Configured features:

Important settings:
  value of $LANG: en_US.UTF-8
  locale-coding-system: utf-8-unix

Major mode: Fundamental

Minor modes in effect:
  tooltip-mode: t
  global-eldoc-mode: t
  mouse-wheel-mode: t
  tool-bar-mode: t
  file-name-shadow-mode: t
  global-font-lock-mode: t
  font-lock-mode: t
  auto-composition-mode: t
  auto-encryption-mode: t
  auto-compression-mode: t
  line-number-mode: t
  transient-mark-mode: t

Recent messages:
Loading /etc/emacs/site-start.d/50dictionaries-common.el (source)...done
Loading /etc/emacs/site-start.d/50lilypond-data.el (source)...done
Loading /home/mwyoung/lib/emacs/mwyoung.el (source)...done
For information about GNU Emacs and the GNU system, type <f1> C-a.
Mark set
Note: file is write protected
Read-Only mode disabled in current buffer
‘toggle-read-only’ is an obsolete command (as of 24.3); use ‘read-only-mode’ 
Saving file /tmp/hi...
basic-save-buffer-2: Opening output file: Permission denied, /tmp/hi

Load-path shadows:
/usr/share/emacs/25.2/site-lisp/debian-startup hides 
/home/mwyoung/lib/emacs/vi hides /usr/share/emacs/25.2/lisp/obsolete/vi

(shadow sort mail-extr emacsbug message format-spec rfc822 mml mml-sec
password-cache epg epg-config gnus-util mm-decode mm-bodies mm-encode
mail-parse rfc2231 mailabbrev gmm-utils mailheader sendmail rfc2047
rfc2045 ietf-drums mm-util help-fns help-mode easymenu cl-loaddefs pcase
cl-lib mail-prsvr mail-utils dired time-date mule-util tooltip eldoc
electric uniquify ediff-hook vc-hooks lisp-float-type mwheel x-win
term/common-win x-dnd tool-bar dnd fontset image regexp-opt fringe
tabulated-list newcomment elisp-mode lisp-mode prog-mode register page
menu-bar rfn-eshadow timer select scroll-bar mouse jit-lock font-lock
syntax facemenu font-core frame cl-generic cham georgian utf-8-lang
misc-lang vietnamese tibetan thai tai-viet lao korean japanese eucjp-ms
cp51932 hebrew greek romanian slovak czech european ethiopic indian
cyrillic chinese charscript case-table epa-hook jka-cmpr-hook help
simple abbrev minibuffer cl-preloaded nadvice loaddefs button faces
cus-face macroexp files text-properties overlay sha1 md5 base64 format
env code-pages mule custom widget hashtable-print-readable backquote
dbusbind inotify dynamic-setting system-font-setting font-render-setting
move-toolbar gtk x-toolkit x multi-tty make-network-process emacs)

Memory information:
((conses 16 104135 6434)
 (symbols 48 19842 0)
 (miscs 40 48 135)
 (strings 32 14416 4804)
 (string-bytes 1 411539)
 (vectors 16 9391)
 (vector-slots 8 385376 17862)
 (floats 8 162 258)
 (intervals 56 8579 0)
 (buffers 976 20))

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