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bug#22689: 25.1.50; implement logcount

From: Mark Oteiza
Subject: bug#22689: 25.1.50; implement logcount
Date: Mon, 15 Feb 2016 18:18:56 -0500


Logcount, AKA popcount, Hamming weight, sideways sum.  Basically,
counting the number of 1s in a number's binary representation. The
concept is similar to that in `bool-vector-count-population', except the
argument would be a number, presumably a non-negative integer.

There are a number of ways to go about it, and beyond that I'm not sure
how to write it into data.c:

- Some compilers have a __builtin_popcount (gcc since 2004 and llvm
  since 2005)
- gmp has a popcount function
- lots of algorithms implementing it

Many are given here:


another resource:


Guile's implementation uses table lookup:


When I needed it, I just naïvely ported an algorithm to elisp (in
particular ignoring the case of negative numbers):

  (let ((m1 #x555555555555555)
        (m2 #x333333333333333)
        (m4 #x0f0f0f0f0f0f0f0f)
        (h01 #x0101010101010101))
    (setq x (- x (logand (lsh x -1) m1)))
    (setq x (+ (logand x m2) (logand (lsh x -2) m2)))
    (setq x (logand (+ x (lsh x -4)) m4))
    (lsh (* x h01) -56))

The table lookup isn't so different

  (defvar logtab [0 1 1 2 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 2 3 3 4])
  (let ((count 0))
    (while (not (zerop x))
      (setq count (+ count (aref logtab (logand 15 x))))
      (setq x (lsh x -4)))

I couldn't find any implementation of this in calc either, but such a
function/operation would fit in calc-bin.

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