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bug#16994: 24.3; package.el dependency ordering incorrect (non-topologic

From: Stefan Monnier
Subject: bug#16994: 24.3; package.el dependency ordering incorrect (non-topological)
Date: Tue, 06 May 2014 14:13:45 -0400
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/24.4.50 (gnu/linux)

> package.el does not resolve dependencies in the correct order,
> potentially resulting in packages installed before their
> dependencies. This was reported in #14082 [1], but not fixed for all
> cases. The packages should be arranged in topological order before
> installation.

Indeed, thanks.  I installed the patch below which should make the sort
truly topological.  It also adds detection of dependency cycles since
this new topological sorting would otherwise get into an inf-loop
in that case.


=== modified file 'lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el'
--- lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el  2014-03-28 22:47:46 +0000
+++ lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el  2014-05-06 18:07:45 +0000
@@ -868,7 +868,7 @@
    ;; Also check built-in packages.
    (package-built-in-p package min-version)))
-(defun package-compute-transaction (packages requirements)
+(defun package-compute-transaction (packages requirements &optional seen)
   "Return a list of packages to be installed, including PACKAGES.
 PACKAGES should be a list of `package-desc'.
@@ -880,7 +880,9 @@
 This function recursively computes the requirements of the
 packages in REQUIREMENTS, and returns a list of all the packages
 that must be installed.  Packages that are already installed are
-not included in this list."
+not included in this list.
+SEEN is used internally to detect infinite recursion."
   ;; FIXME: We really should use backtracking to explore the whole
   ;; search space (e.g. if foo require bar-1.3, and bar-1.4 requires toto-1.1
   ;; whereas bar-1.3 requires toto-1.0 and the user has put a hold on toto-1.0:
@@ -893,15 +895,22 @@
       (dolist (pkg packages)
         (if (eq next-pkg (package-desc-name pkg))
             (setq already pkg)))
-      (cond
-       (already
+      (when already
         (if (version-list-<= next-version (package-desc-version already))
-            ;; Move to front, so it gets installed early enough (bug#14082).
-            (setq packages (cons already (delq already packages)))
+            ;; `next-pkg' is already in `packages', but its position there
+            ;; means it might be installed too late: remove it from there, so
+            ;; we re-add it (along with its dependencies) at an earlier place
+            ;; below (bug#16994).
+            (if (memq already seen)     ;Avoid inf-loop on dependency cycles.
+                (message "Dependency cycle going through %S"
+                         (package-desc-full-name already))
+              (setq packages (delq already packages))
+              (setq already nil))
           (error "Need package `%s-%s', but only %s is being installed"
                  next-pkg (package-version-join next-version)
                  (package-version-join (package-desc-version already)))))
+      (cond
+       (already nil)
        ((package-installed-p next-pkg next-version) nil)
@@ -933,12 +942,13 @@
                (t (setq found pkg-desc)))))
          (unless found
             (if problem
-                (error problem)
+                (error "%s" problem)
               (error "Package `%s-%s' is unavailable"
                      next-pkg (package-version-join next-version))))
          (setq packages
                (package-compute-transaction (cons found packages)
-                                            (package-desc-reqs found))))))))
+                                            (package-desc-reqs found)
+                                             (cons found seen))))))))
 (defun package-read-from-string (str)

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