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bug#11073: 24.0.94; BIDI-related crash in redisplay with certain byte se

From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: bug#11073: 24.0.94; BIDI-related crash in redisplay with certain byte sequences
Date: Fri, 23 Mar 2012 17:58:25 +0200

> From: Stefan Monnier <address@hidden>
> Cc: address@hidden
> Date: Fri, 23 Mar 2012 10:27:39 -0400
> > (Repeat after me: FETCH_MULTIBYTE_CHAR followed by CHAR_BYTES is not
> > always equivalent to STRING_CHAR_AND_LENGTH.)
> Do we really absolutely have to have such a trap?
> I mean: is there a good reason why they're not always equivalent?

They are not equivalent when conversion of the multibyte form into a
character unifies a CJK character that is represented by a codepoint
from one of the private use areas.  This unification is done in
char_string, via a call to MAYBE_UNIFY_CHAR, which converts the
private codepoint into the equivalent codepoint in one of the "normal"
planes.  The UTF-8 encoding of the unified character can be shorter or
longer than the original multibyte sequence.  The problem with the
code I had in bidi.c, viz.:

   character = FETCH_MULTIBYTE_CHAR (bytepos);
   char_len = CHAR_BYTES (character);

is that the value in `character' is not guaranteed to correspond to
the multibyte sequence consumed by FETCH_MULTIBYTE_CHAR, and therefore
that character's length as returned by CHAR_BYTES is not the right
instrument to advance to the next character.

So, I'd say that FETCH_MULTIBYTE_CHAR should only be used for fetching
a single character; if one wants to advance, one should either use
FETCH_CHAR_ADVANCE or (if they are paranoiac about speed, like I am)

   character = STRING_CHAR_AND_LENGTH (BYTE_POS_ADDR (bytepos), length);

which returns the length of the consumed sequence, and use that to
advance to the next character position.

And note the other gotcha: that the length returned by
STRING_CHAR_AND_LENGTH is not necessarily the length of the UTF-8
encoding of the character it returns, but rather the length of the
multibyte sequence which was converted to the character.

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