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bug#8217: 23.3; Runtime segmentation fault when compiled with -O2 on GNU


From: Ulrich Mueller
Subject: bug#8217: 23.3; Runtime segmentation fault when compiled with -O2 on GNU/Linux
Date: Thu, 10 Mar 2011 09:34:46 +0100

Forwarding downstream bug: <https://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=358177>

Emacs 23.3 compiled with -O2 on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu immediately fails
with a segmentation fault at runtime. This is with GCC 4.5.2 (but it
also fails when compiled with GCC 4.4.5 or 4.3.5).

   $ emacs -Q
   Fatal error (11)Segmentation fault

The problem disappears when -fno-strict-aliasing is added to CFLAGS.

I've narrowed it down further:
- compile src/xterm.c with -O1,
  compile the rest of the sources with -O2
  => Success
- compile src/xterm.c with -O2,
  compile the rest of the sources with -O1
  => Failure
- compile src/xterm.c with -O2 -fno-strict-aliasing,
  compile the rest of the sources with -O2
  => Success
- compile src/xterm.c with -O1 -fgcse -fstrict-aliasing,
  compile the rest of the sources with -O1
  => Failure

GDB full backtrace is attached.


In GNU Emacs 23.3.1 (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, X toolkit)
 of 2011-03-10 on juno
Windowing system distributor `The X.Org Foundation', version 11.0.10904000
configured using `configure  '--prefix=/usr' '--build=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu' 
'--host=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu' '--mandir=/usr/share/man' 
'--infodir=/usr/share/info' '--datadir=/usr/share' '--sysconfdir=/etc' 
'--localstatedir=/var/lib' '--libdir=/usr/lib64' '--program-suffix=-emacs-23' 
'--infodir=/usr/share/info/emacs-23' 
'--with-crt-dir=/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/4.5.2/../../../../lib64' 
'--with-gameuser=games' '--without-hesiod' '--without-kerberos' 
'--without-kerberos5' '--with-gpm' '--with-dbus' '--with-sound' '--with-x' 
'--without-ns' '--without-gconf' '--without-toolkit-scroll-bars' '--with-gif' 
'--with-jpeg' '--with-png' '--with-rsvg' '--with-tiff' '--with-xpm' 
'--with-xft' '--without-libotf' '--without-m17n-flt' '--with-x-toolkit=athena' 
'build_alias=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu' 'host_alias=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu' 'CC=gcc' 
'CFLAGS=-march=core2 -ggdb -O2 -pipe' 'LDFLAGS=-Wl,-O1 -Wl,--as-needed' 
'CPPFLAGS=''

Important settings:
  value of $LC_ALL: nil
  value of $LC_COLLATE: nil
  value of $LC_CTYPE: nil
  value of $LC_MESSAGES: nil
  value of $LC_MONETARY: nil
  value of $LC_NUMERIC: nil
  value of $LC_TIME: nil
  value of $LANG: en_US.utf8
  value of $XMODIFIERS: nil
  locale-coding-system: utf-8-unix
  default enable-multibyte-characters: t

$ gdb emacs
GNU gdb (Gentoo 7.2 p1) 7.2
Copyright (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  Type "show copying"
and "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "x86_64-pc-linux-gnu".
For bug reporting instructions, please see:
<http://bugs.gentoo.org/>...
Reading symbols from 
/var/tmp/portage/app-editors/emacs-23.3/work/emacs-23.3/src/emacs...done.
SIGINT is used by the debugger.
Are you sure you want to change it? (y or n) [answered Y; input not from 
terminal]
DISPLAY = :0
TERM = dumb
Breakpoint 1 at 0x4d8a00: file emacs.c, line 430.
Temporary breakpoint 2 at 0x4f4b80: file sysdep.c, line 1129.
(gdb) run -Q
Starting program: 
/var/tmp/portage/app-editors/emacs-23.3/work/emacs-23.3/src/emacs -Q
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File 
"/usr/share/gdb/auto-load/usr/lib64/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/4.5.2/libstdc++.so.6.0.14-gdb.py",
 line 59, in <module>
    from libstdcxx.v6.printers import register_libstdcxx_printers
ImportError: No module named libstdcxx.v6.printers

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
mark_byte_stack () at bytecode.c:292
292             mark_object (*obj);
(gdb) bt full
#0  mark_byte_stack () at bytecode.c:292
        stack = 0x7fffffffd3c0
        obj = 0x0
#1  0x00000000005384be in Fgarbage_collect () at alloc.c:5122
        bind = <value optimized out>
        catch = <value optimized out>
        handler = <value optimized out>
        stack_top_variable = 0 '\000'
        i = <value optimized out>
        message_p = 0
        total = {12020450, 2, 2, 5563622, 140737488342492, 0, 
          140737322770432, 140737351957857}
        t1 = {
          tv_sec = 1299745224, 
          tv_usec = 486361
        }
        t2 = {
          tv_sec = 12884901889, 
          tv_usec = 12020448
        }
#2  0x0000000000589225 in Fbyte_code (bytestr=<value optimized out>, 
    vector=<value optimized out>, maxdepth=<value optimized out>)
    at bytecode.c:529
        v1 = <value optimized out>
        count = 4
        op = <value optimized out>
        vectorp = 0x9d45e0
        stack = {
          pc = 0xa2f1a1 "address@hidden", 
          top = 0x7fffffffcc30, 
          bottom = 0x7fffffffcc30, 
          byte_string = 10306993, 
          byte_string_start = 0xa2efd7 
"\306\307\310\311\312\313\314\315\316\317\320\321\322\323\324\325\326\327\310$\257\r\330\324\325\326\331\332$\324\325\326\327\330$\333BBB\334\324\325\326\331\335$\336BB\337\324\325\326\331\340$D\341\324\325\326\331\342$D\343\324\325\326\331\344$D\345\324\325\326\331\346$D\347\324\325\326\331\350$D\351\324\325\326\331\352$D\353\324\325\326\331\354$D\355\324\325\326\331\356$D\357\324\325\326\331\360$D\361\324\325\326\331\362$\324\325\326\327\361$E\363\324\325\326\331\364$\324\325\326\327\363$\365BBB\366\367\324\325\326\327\367$\370BB\371\324\325\326\327\371$\372BB\373\324\325\326\331\374$\375BB\376\324\325\326\327\376$\377BB\201H",
 
          constants = 10307029, 
          next = 0x7fffffffd1e0
        }
        top = 0x7fffffffcc30
        result = <value optimized out>
#3  0x000000000054dfdf in funcall_lambda (fun=10306941, 
    nargs=<value optimized out>, arg_vector=0x7fffffffced0) at eval.c:3220
        val = <value optimized out>
        syms_left = 11655570
        next = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
        optional = <value optimized out>
        rest = <value optimized out>
#4  0x000000000054ffe0 in apply_lambda (fun=10306941, 
    args=<value optimized out>, eval_flag=1) at eval.c:3143
        args_left = <value optimized out>
        numargs = <value optimized out>
        arg_vector = 0x7fffffffced0
        i = <value optimized out>
        tem = <value optimized out>
        sa_must_free = 0
#5  0x000000000054d7e3 in Feval (form=<value optimized out>) at eval.c:2410
        fun = <value optimized out>
        val = <value optimized out>
        original_fun = <value optimized out>
        original_args = 11655570
        funcar = <value optimized out>
        backtrace = {
          next = 0x7fffffffd300, 
          function = 0x7fffffffcfe8, 
          args = 0x7fffffffced0, 
          nargs = 0, 
          evalargs = 0 '\000', 
          debug_on_exit = 0 '\000'
        }
#6  0x00000000005509ab in internal_lisp_condition_case (var=12365346, 
    bodyform=10332070, handlers=10332086) at eval.c:1437
        val = <value optimized out>
        c = {
          tag = 11655570, 
          val = 11655570, 
          next = 0x7fffffffd700, 
          gcpro = 0x0, 
          jmp = {{
              __jmpbuf = {140737488343456, -2504028783134923122, 10332024, 
                4611686018428436480, 4, 0, -2504028783080397170, 
                2504028068937836174}, 
              __mask_was_saved = 0, 
              __saved_mask = {
                __val = {140737351943634, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 140737354129736, 0, 
                  0, 0, 0, 0, 140737354130592, 140737488343456, 
                  140737488343480, 4294967297}
              }
            }}, 
          backlist = 0x7fffffffd300, 
          handlerlist = 0x7fffffffd810, 
          lisp_eval_depth = 5, 
          pdlcount = 4, 
          poll_suppress_count = 1, 
          interrupt_input_blocked = 0, 
          byte_stack = 0x7fffffffd1e0
        }
        h = {
          handler = 10332086, 
          var = 12365346, 
          chosen_clause = 4607182418800017408, 
          tag = 0x7fffffffd050, 
          next = 0x7fffffffd810
        }
#7  0x0000000000587bfb in Fbyte_code (bytestr=<value optimized out>, 
    vector=<value optimized out>, maxdepth=<value optimized out>)
    at bytecode.c:870
        handlers = <value optimized out>
        body = <value optimized out>
        count = 4
        op = <value optimized out>
        vectorp = 0x9da788
        stack = {
          pc = 0xa9e722 "\207", 
          top = 0x7fffffffd1a0, 
          bottom = 0x7fffffffd1a0, 
          byte_string = 10331993, 
          byte_string_start = 0xa9e71e "\300\301\302\217\207", 
          constants = 10332029, 
          next = 0x7fffffffd3c0
        }
        top = 0x7fffffffd1a0
        result = <value optimized out>
#8  0x000000000054dfdf in funcall_lambda (fun=10331941, 
    nargs=<value optimized out>, arg_vector=0x7fffffffd368) at eval.c:3220
        val = <value optimized out>
        syms_left = 11655570
        next = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
        optional = <value optimized out>
        rest = <value optimized out>
#9  0x000000000054e333 in Ffuncall (nargs=1, args=0x7fffffffd360)
    at eval.c:3088
        fun = <value optimized out>
        original_fun = 16949186
        funcar = <value optimized out>
        numargs = 0
        lisp_numargs = <value optimized out>
        val = <value optimized out>
        backtrace = {
          next = 0x7fffffffd4e0, 
          function = 0x7fffffffd360, 
          args = 0x7fffffffd368, 
          nargs = 0, 
          evalargs = 0 '\000', 
          debug_on_exit = 0 '\000'
        }
        internal_args = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
#10 0x0000000000588aad in Fbyte_code (bytestr=<value optimized out>, 
    vector=<value optimized out>, maxdepth=<value optimized out>)
    at bytecode.c:680
        count = 4
        op = <value optimized out>
        vectorp = 0x9ecd78
        stack = {
          pc = 0xa2aff7 "\210\324\325\326\217\210\327 
\210\330\331\332\"ۚ\203V", 
          top = 0x7fffffffd360, 
          bottom = 0x0, 
          byte_string = 10407241, 
          byte_string_start = 0xa2afb8 "\b;\204\034", 
          constants = 10407277, 
          next = 0x7fffffffd580
        }
        top = 0x7fffffffd360
        result = <value optimized out>
#11 0x000000000054dfdf in funcall_lambda (fun=10407189, 
    nargs=<value optimized out>, arg_vector=0x7fffffffd548) at eval.c:3220
        val = <value optimized out>
        syms_left = 11655570
        next = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
        optional = <value optimized out>
        rest = <value optimized out>
#12 0x000000000054e333 in Ffuncall (nargs=1, args=0x7fffffffd540)
    at eval.c:3088
        fun = <value optimized out>
        original_fun = 15841058
        funcar = <value optimized out>
        numargs = 0
        lisp_numargs = <value optimized out>
        val = <value optimized out>
        backtrace = {
          next = 0x7fffffffd670, 
          function = 0x7fffffffd540, 
          args = 0x7fffffffd548, 
          nargs = 0, 
          evalargs = 0 '\000', 
          debug_on_exit = 0 '\000'
        }
        internal_args = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
#13 0x0000000000588aad in Fbyte_code (bytestr=<value optimized out>, 
    vector=<value optimized out>, maxdepth=<value optimized out>)
    at bytecode.c:680
        count = 4
        op = <value optimized out>
        vectorp = 0x89e9c0
        stack = {
          pc = 0xa7e3c7 "\210Ň", 
          top = 0x7fffffffd540, 
          bottom = 0x7fffffffd540, 
          byte_string = 9038209, 
          byte_string_start = 0xa7e394 "\b\204\064", 
          constants = 9038261, 
          next = 0x7fffffffd8b0
        }
        top = 0x7fffffffd540
        result = <value optimized out>
#14 0x000000000054db5f in Feval (form=<value optimized out>) at eval.c:2356
        numargs = <value optimized out>
        args_left = 11655570
        i = 3
        maxargs = 3
        argvals = {9038209, 9038261, 16, 4308901940, 72057594051862583, 0, 
          72057594037927936, 15703072}
        fun = <value optimized out>
        val = <value optimized out>
        original_fun = <value optimized out>
        original_args = 9038198
        funcar = <value optimized out>
        backtrace = {
          next = 0x7fffffffd9d0, 
          function = 0x7fffffffd698, 
          args = 0x7fffffffd630, 
          nargs = 3, 
          evalargs = 1 '\001', 
          debug_on_exit = 0 '\000'
        }
#15 0x00000000005509ab in internal_lisp_condition_case (var=11722834, 
    bodyform=9038182, handlers=9038446) at eval.c:1437
        val = <value optimized out>
        c = {
          tag = 11655570, 
          val = 11655570, 
          next = 0x7fffffffdcf0, 
          gcpro = 0x0, 
          jmp = {{
              __jmpbuf = {140737488345168, -2504028783317375346, 9034440, 
                4611686018428436480, 4, 0, -2504028783023774066, 
                2504028068937836174}, 
              __mask_was_saved = 0, 
              __saved_mask = {
                __val = {140737488344992, 140737488344992, 2, 2, 5563603, 
                  11168192, 5563636, 9037377, 15709841, 11655570, 11655666, 
                  11870034, 11695824, 11655618, 11871032, 0}
              }
            }}, 
          backlist = 0x7fffffffd9d0, 
          handlerlist = 0x7fffffffde00, 
          lisp_eval_depth = 2, 
          pdlcount = 4, 
          poll_suppress_count = 1, 
          interrupt_input_blocked = 0, 
          byte_stack = 0x7fffffffd8b0
        }
        h = {
          handler = 9038446, 
          var = 11722834, 
          chosen_clause = 140737488345376, 
          tag = 0x7fffffffd700, 
          next = 0x7fffffffde00
        }
#16 0x0000000000587bfb in Fbyte_code (bytestr=<value optimized out>, 
    vector=<value optimized out>, maxdepth=<value optimized out>)
    at bytecode.c:870
        handlers = <value optimized out>
        body = <value optimized out>
        count = 4
        op = <value optimized out>
        vectorp = 0x89dad8
        stack = {
          pc = 0xa7e6eb "\210\375\376!\210\377 \204#\002\201\213", 
          top = 0x7fffffffd850, 
          bottom = 0x7fffffffd850, 
          byte_string = 9034409, 
          byte_string_start = 0xa7e4d7 "\306 
\020\307\021\n\023\307\024\310\311!\211\035\307=\204\064", 
          constants = 9034445, 
          next = 0x7fffffffda80
        }
        top = 0x7fffffffd850
        result = <value optimized out>
#17 0x000000000054dfdf in funcall_lambda (fun=9034365, 
    nargs=<value optimized out>, arg_vector=0x7fffffffda38) at eval.c:3220
        val = <value optimized out>
        syms_left = 11655570
        next = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
        optional = <value optimized out>
        rest = <value optimized out>
#18 0x000000000054e333 in Ffuncall (nargs=1, args=0x7fffffffda30)
    at eval.c:3088
        fun = <value optimized out>
        original_fun = 13110386
        funcar = <value optimized out>
        numargs = 0
        lisp_numargs = <value optimized out>
        val = <value optimized out>
        backtrace = {
          next = 0x7fffffffdc60, 
          function = 0x7fffffffda30, 
          args = 0x7fffffffda38, 
          nargs = 0, 
          evalargs = 0 '\000', 
          debug_on_exit = 0 '\000'
        }
        internal_args = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
#19 0x0000000000588aad in Fbyte_code (bytestr=<value optimized out>, 
    vector=<value optimized out>, maxdepth=<value optimized out>)
    at bytecode.c:680
        count = 2
        op = <value optimized out>
        vectorp = 0x89c330
        stack = {
          pc = 0xa7f284 
"\210*\340\341\342\"\210\343\321\344\"\211\036$;\203\251", 
          top = 0x7fffffffda30, 
          bottom = 0x7fffffffda30, 
          byte_string = 9028353, 
          byte_string_start = 0xa7f1f6 "\b\203\b", 
          constants = 9028389, 
          next = 0x0
        }
        top = 0x7fffffffda30
        result = <value optimized out>
#20 0x000000000054dfdf in funcall_lambda (fun=9028309, 
    nargs=<value optimized out>, arg_vector=0x7fffffffdb70) at eval.c:3220
        val = <value optimized out>
        syms_left = 11655570
        next = <value optimized out>
        i = <value optimized out>
        optional = <value optimized out>
        rest = <value optimized out>
#21 0x000000000054ffe0 in apply_lambda (fun=9028309, 
    args=<value optimized out>, eval_flag=1) at eval.c:3143
        args_left = <value optimized out>
        numargs = <value optimized out>
        arg_vector = 0x7fffffffdb70
        i = <value optimized out>
        tem = <value optimized out>
        sa_must_free = 0
#22 0x000000000054d7e3 in Feval (form=<value optimized out>) at eval.c:2410
        fun = <value optimized out>
        val = <value optimized out>
        original_fun = <value optimized out>
        original_args = 11655570
        funcar = <value optimized out>
        backtrace = {
          next = 0x0, 
          function = 0x7fffffffdc88, 
          args = 0x7fffffffdb70, 
          nargs = 0, 
          evalargs = 0 '\000', 
          debug_on_exit = 0 '\000'
        }
#23 0x000000000054ca8f in internal_condition_case (
    bfun=0x4dc7f0 <top_level_2>, handlers=11722834, hfun=0x4de4d0 <cmd_error>)
    at eval.c:1492
        val = <value optimized out>
        c = {
          tag = 11655570, 
          val = 11655570, 
          next = 0x7fffffffde60, 
          gcpro = 0x0, 
          jmp = {{
              __jmpbuf = {0, 2504029303247971982, 12957984, 140737488347816, 
                1, 0, -2504028783218809202, 2504028058140124814}, 
              __mask_was_saved = 0, 
              __saved_mask = {
                __val = {140737353895936, 0, 4294967295, 140737488346536, 
                  9089, 8405416, 0, 1, 0, 0, 140737351957857, 1, 0, 
                  1869509994, 140737292555784, 1024}
              }
            }}, 
          backlist = 0x0, 
          handlerlist = 0x0, 
          lisp_eval_depth = 0, 
          pdlcount = 2, 
          poll_suppress_count = 1, 
          interrupt_input_blocked = 0, 
          byte_stack = 0x0
        }
        h = {
          handler = 11722834, 
          var = 11655570, 
          chosen_clause = 11655570, 
          tag = 0x7fffffffdcf0, 
          next = 0x0
        }
#24 0x00000000004dd696 in top_level_1 () at keyboard.c:1379
No locals.
#25 0x000000000054c96a in internal_catch (tag=-16777216, 
    func=0x4dd630 <top_level_1>, arg=11655570) at eval.c:1228
        c = {
          tag = 11715650, 
          val = 11655570, 
          next = 0x0, 
          gcpro = 0x0, 
          jmp = {{
              __jmpbuf = {0, 2504029303247971982, 12957984, 140737488347816, 
                1, 0, -2504028783269140850, 2504028058243409550}, 
              __mask_was_saved = 0, 
              __saved_mask = {
                __val = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 112, 11655570, 11935538, 11695824, 
                  11655618, 11930648, 1, 5491910, 0, 100, 11935538}
              }
            }}, 
          backlist = 0x0, 
          handlerlist = 0x0, 
          lisp_eval_depth = 0, 
          pdlcount = 2, 
          poll_suppress_count = 1, 
          interrupt_input_blocked = 0, 
          byte_stack = 0x0
        }
#26 0x00000000004de6b9 in command_loop () at keyboard.c:1334
No locals.
#27 0x00000000004de76a in recursive_edit_1 () at keyboard.c:956
        val = <value optimized out>
#28 0x00000000004de8a6 in Frecursive_edit () at keyboard.c:1018
        buffer = 11655570
#29 0x00000000004da0c5 in main (argc=<value optimized out>, 
    argv=0x7fffffffe3e8) at emacs.c:1833
        dummy = 256
        stack_bottom_variable = 0 '\000'
        do_initial_setlocale = <value optimized out>
        skip_args = 0
        rlim = {
          rlim_cur = 8720000, 
          rlim_max = 18446744073709551615
        }
        no_loadup = 0
        junk = 0x0
        dname_arg = 0x0

Lisp Backtrace:
"setup-default-fontset" (0xffffced0)
"create-default-fontset" (0xffffd368)
"x-initialize-window-system" (0xffffd548)
"byte-code" (0xffffd630)
"command-line" (0xffffda38)
"normal-top-level" (0xffffdb70)
(gdb) 

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