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bug#2951: Suggestion: self-evaluating-p function


From: Ralph Schleicher
Subject: bug#2951: Suggestion: self-evaluating-p function
Date: Fri, 10 Apr 2009 23:31:07 +0200
User-agent: Gnus/5.11 (Gnus v5.11) Emacs/22.3 (gnu/linux)

I would like to have a 'self-evaluating-p' function in Emacs to check
whether or not a value has to be quoted.

Please find attached a patch with an example implementation together
with ChangeLog entries and documentation.


diff -u emacs-22.3/lisp/ChangeLog.orig emacs-22.3/lisp/ChangeLogyes
--- emacs-22.3/lisp/ChangeLog.orig      2008-09-05 18:12:23.000000000 +0200
+++ emacs-22.3/lisp/ChangeLog   2009-04-10 22:52:48.000000000 +0200
@@ -1,3 +1,7 @@
+2009-04-10  Ralph Schleicher  <address@hidden>
+
+       * subr.el (self-evaluating-p): New function.
+
 2008-09-05  Chong Yidong  <address@hidden>
 
        * Version 22.3 released.
diff -u emacs-22.3/lisp/subr.el.orig emacs-22.3/lisp/subr.el
--- emacs-22.3/lisp/subr.el.orig        2008-09-02 17:15:26.000000000 +0200
+++ emacs-22.3/lisp/subr.el     2009-04-10 22:51:26.000000000 +0200
@@ -185,6 +185,19 @@
   (while t
     (signal 'error (list (apply 'format args)))))
 
+(defun self-evaluating-p (object)
+  "Return t if OBJECT is a self-evaluating form.
+That means OBJECT is neither a symbol nor a list except for
+nil (which is a symbol and a list), t (which is a symbol),
+keywords (which are symbols), and lambda expressions (which
+are lists)."
+  (if (symbolp object)
+      (or (eq object nil)
+         (eq object t)
+         (keywordp object))
+    (or (atom object)
+       (eq (car object) 'lambda))))
+
 ;; We put this here instead of in frame.el so that it's defined even on
 ;; systems where frame.el isn't loaded.
 (defun frame-configuration-p (object)
diff -u emacs-22.3/lispref/ChangeLog.orig emacs-22.3/lispref/ChangeLog
--- emacs-22.3/lispref/ChangeLog.orig   2008-09-05 18:12:32.000000000 +0200
+++ emacs-22.3/lispref/ChangeLog        2009-04-10 22:52:32.000000000 +0200
@@ -1,3 +1,7 @@
+2009-04-10  Ralph Schleicher  <address@hidden>
+
+       * eval.texi (Self-Evaluating Forms): Add self-evaluating-p.
+
 2008-09-05  Chong Yidong  <address@hidden>
 
        * Version 22.3 released.
diff -u emacs-22.3/lispref/eval.texi.orig emacs-22.3/lispref/eval.texi
--- emacs-22.3/lispref/eval.texi.orig   2008-01-07 09:49:06.000000000 +0100
+++ emacs-22.3/lispref/eval.texi        2009-04-10 22:43:34.000000000 +0200
@@ -178,6 +178,36 @@
 @end group
 @end example
 
address@hidden self-evaluating-p object
+This function returns @code{t} if @var{object} is a self-evaluating
+form.  That means, @var{object} is neither a symbol nor a list except
+for @code{nil} (which is a symbol and a list), @code{t} (which is a
+symbol), keywords (which are symbols), and lambda expressions (which
+are lists).  @xref{Constant Variables}, and @ref{Lambda Expressions},
+for more information.
address@hidden defun
+
+  Please note that @code{self-evaluating-p} only flags those symbols
+as self-evaluating forms where the result does not depend on scope.
+
address@hidden
address@hidden
+(setq foo 1)
+     @result{} 1
+(self-evaluating-p 'foo)
+     @result{} nil
+(let ((foo 'foo))
+  (self-evaluating-p 'foo))
+     @result{} nil
+;; @r{Likewise with @code{eq}.}
+(eq 'foo foo)
+     @result{} nil
+(let ((foo 'foo))
+  (eq 'foo foo))
+     @result{} t
address@hidden group
address@hidden example
+
 @node Symbol Forms
 @subsection Symbol Forms
 @cindex symbol evaluation

-- 
Ralph







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