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bug#30174: shred bug - 1st byte written is wrong sometimes

From: Pádraig Brady
Subject: bug#30174: shred bug - 1st byte written is wrong sometimes
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 19:33:59 -0800
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/45.8.0

tag 30174 notabug
close 30174

On 19/01/18 10:19, address@hidden wrote:
> Hi,
> i`m testing wear-levelling of an SLC USB Stick (cheap one i want to
> use them for long-term data-logging) and found shred to be a useful
> and fast utility to repeatedly overwrite a file's region (the 
> datalogger i'm building will use rrdtool)
> As i already did some other testing before, shred made me believe
> my usb stick would already be "worn out", because i was seeing 1st 
> byte flip occasionally when taking a look into the written data with 
> xxd.
> I investigated and as you can see below, when repeatedly writing to 
> the same file with shred, we can see with strace that shred is doing 
> wrong.
> Looks like a bug to me.
> I tested this on recent CentOS7 (shred 8.22) and older Ubuntu based
> system with shred 8.25. I also compiled coreutils 8.29 and tested
> with the recent shred release - they all show this behaviour.
> regards
> Roland
> shred -n 10000000 -s 100 file &
> # cat file |xxd
> 0000000: 7fff ffff ffff ffff ffff ffff ffff ffff ................ <- (!)

This is intentional.

>From the source:

  /* The following patterns have the first bit per 512 byte block flipped */
  8, 0x1000, 0x1249, 0x1492, 0x16DB, 0x1924, 0x1B6D, 0x1DB6, 0x1FFF,
  14, 0x1111, 0x1222, 0x1333, 0x1444, 0x1555, 0x1666, 0x1777,
  0x1888, 0x1999, 0x1AAA, 0x1BBB, 0x1CCC, 0x1DDD, 0x1EEE,

There was no mention why unfortunately.


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