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Re: Setting nullglob causes variables containing backslashes to be expan


From: Stephane Chazelas
Subject: Re: Setting nullglob causes variables containing backslashes to be expanded to an empty string
Date: Wed, 7 Aug 2019 07:27:50 +0100
User-agent: NeoMutt/20171215

[re-post via gmane as the usenet interface seems not to work
again. My posts can be seen at
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/gnu.bash.bug/0JgBRq_778o
but were apparently not forwarded to the mailing list]

2019-08-06 16:00:21 -0400, Greg Wooledge:
> On Tue, Aug 06, 2019 at 06:18:27PM +0000, Mohamed Akram wrote:
> > Bash version: GNU bash, version 5.0.7(1)-release (x86_64-apple-darwin18.5.0)
> >
> > Example:
> >
> > shopt -s nullglob
> > a='\x30'
> > echo $a
> >
> > Expected output:
> >
> > \x30
> >
> > Actual output:
> >
>
> Also happens in bash 5.0 on Debian GNU/Linux.  It does not happen in
> bash 4.4 or earlier (I tried back to 3.2) on the same machine.
[...]

That is being discussed on the austin-group mailing list (and has
been discussed here before as well IIRC).

The idea is that in 5.0, \ became a globbing quoting operator.

So with nullglob, the \x30 expands to x30 when there's a file
called x30 in the current directory and nothing if not.

That is by design and was supported until relatively recently by
some Austin Group people (the guys behind POSIX). That's not
done by any other major shell.

See http://austingroupbugs.net/view.php?id=1234 and the very
long discussions that follow on the mailing list:

See for instance
https://www.mail-archive.com/address@hidden/msg04237.html

As seen there, with the current head of the  devel branch, that
behaviour can be disabled by turning off the posixglob option.

$ a='\x30' ./bash +O posixglob -O nullglob -c 'printf "%s\n" $a'
\x30
$ a='\x30' ./bash -O nullglob -c 'printf "%s\n" $a'

$ touch x30
$ a='\x30' ./bash -O nullglob -c 'printf "%s\n" $a'
x30


In any case, yes, do remember to quote your variable expansions
and not use echo for arbitrary data.

-- 
Stephane




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