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Patch: Manual updates

From: Tom Tromey
Subject: Patch: Manual updates
Date: 29 May 2001 20:43:26 -0600

I've been forgetting to send patches here.  Sorry.  Long habit has
left me simply committing automake patches.

I'm checking this in.  I'm cleaning up parts of the manual that strike
me as bad.  I also have a list of documentation fixes I think are
needed, and I am working down the list.

I think fixing the manual is the most important task right now.  Also,
sometimes fixing the manual helps find bugs in automake.

2001-05-29  Tom Tromey  <address@hidden>

        * automake.texi (Include): Rewrote.
        (Suffixes): Remove Java example.
        (Java): Added more explanation.  Document variables.
        (Uniform): Mention JAVA as a primary.
        (Python): Updated for new Python support.
        (Sources): Added a weak example.


Index: automake.texi
RCS file: /cvs/automake/automake/automake.texi,v
retrieving revision 1.210
diff -u -r1.210 automake.texi
--- automake.texi       2001/05/29 21:04:12     1.210
+++ automake.texi       2001/05/30 02:30:15
@@ -445,12 +445,13 @@
 should not be built until the @code{make check} command is run.
 Possible primary names are @samp{PROGRAMS}, @samp{LIBRARIES},
address@hidden, @samp{PYTHON}, @samp{SCRIPTS}, @samp{DATA}, @samp{HEADERS},
address@hidden, and @samp{TEXINFOS}.
address@hidden, @samp{PYTHON}, @samp{JAVA}, @samp{SCRIPTS}, @samp{DATA},
address@hidden, @samp{MANS}, and @samp{TEXINFOS}.
 @vindex PROGRAMS
 @vindex LIBRARIES
 @vindex LISP
 @vindex PYTHON
address@hidden JAVA
 @vindex SCRIPTS
 @vindex DATA
 @vindex HEADERS
@@ -2648,7 +2649,12 @@
 compiled unless explicitly requested by mentioning it in some other
 @samp{_SOURCES} variable.
+So, for instance, if you had header files which were created by a script
+run at build time, then you would list these headers in
address@hidden, to ensure that they would be built before any
+other compilations (perhaps ones using these headers) were started.
 @node Other GNU Tools, Documentation, Other objects, Top
 @chapter Other GNU Tools
@@ -2768,7 +2774,36 @@
 primary can be used in a given @file{}.  The reason for this
 restriction is that, in general, it isn't possible to know which
 @file{.class} files were generated from which @file{.java} files -- so
-it would be impossible to know which files to install where.
+it would be impossible to know which files to install where.  For
+instance, a @file{.java} file can define multiple classes; the resulting
address@hidden file names cannot be predicted without parsing the
address@hidden file.
+There are a few variables which are used when compiling Java sources:
address@hidden @code
address@hidden JAVAC
+The name of the Java compiler.  This defaults to @samp{javac}.
address@hidden JAVACFLAGS
+The flags to pass to the compiler.  This is considered to be a user
+variable (@pxref{User Variables}).
address@hidden AM_JAVACFLAGS
+More flags to pass to the Java compiler.  This, and not
address@hidden, should be used when it is necessary to put Java
+compiler flags into @file{}.
address@hidden JAVAROOT
+The value of this variable is passed to the @samp{-d} option to
address@hidden  It defaults to @samp{$(top_builddir)}.
address@hidden CLASSPATH_ENV
+This variable is an @code{sh} expression which is used to set the
address@hidden environment variable on the @code{javac} command line.
+(In the future we will probably handle class path setting differently.)
address@hidden vtable
 @node Python,  , Java, Other GNU Tools
 @section Python
@@ -2779,25 +2814,22 @@
 Automake provides support for Python modules.  Automake will turn on
-Python support if the @code{AM_CHECK_PYTHON} macro is used in
+Python support if the @code{AM_PATH_PYTHON} macro is used in
 @file{}.  The @samp{PYTHON} primary is used to hold a list
 of @file{.py} files.  Possible prefixes for this primary are
 @samp{python_} and @samp{noinst_}.  Note that if @code{python_PYTHON} is
-defined, then @file{} must run @code{AM_CHECK_PYTHON}.
+defined, then @file{} must run @code{AM_PATH_PYTHON}.
+Python source files are included in the distribution by default.
address@hidden takes a single argument --- either the word
address@hidden or @samp{package}.  The first installs files directly into
-the @file{site-packages} directory and is used when the @file{.py[co]}
-files must be on the @code{PYTHONPATH}.  The second is used for modules
-distributed as a package, which should be installed in a subdirectory
-of @file{site-packages} and contain the @file{} file.  The
-subdirectory name is the same as the name given by @samp{PACKAGE}.
address@hidden takes a single optional argument.  This argument,
+if present, is the minimum version of Python which can be used for this
+package.  If the version of Python found on the system is older than the
+required version, then @code{AM_PATH_PYTHON} will cause an error.
address@hidden creates several output variables based on the
address@hidden creates several output variables based on the
 Python installation found during configuration.
address@hidden @samp
address@hidden @code
 @item PYTHON
 The name of the Python executable.
@@ -2822,30 +2854,22 @@
 building Python extensions.
 @item pythondir
-The directory name for the top of the standard Python library.
+The directory name for the @file{site-packages} subdirectory of the
+standard Python install tree.
address@hidden PYTHON_SITE
-The location of the platform-independent @file{site-packages} directory,
-where `module' files are installed.  Note that older versions of Python
-(pre-1.5) used @file{$prefix/lib/site-python} so future versions of
-Automake's Python support may provide backwards compatibility.
address@hidden PYTHON_SITE_PACKAGE
-The string @code{$PYTHON_SITE/$PACKAGE}.  This is the default
-installation directory for a Python `package.'
address@hidden PYTHON_SITE_INSTALL
-The top-level directory in which the Python files will be installed.  It
-will be the value of either @samp{PYTHON_SITE} or @samp{PYTHON_PACKAGE}
-depending on the argument given to @code{AM_CHECK_PYTHON}.
address@hidden PYTHON_SITE_EXEC
-The location of the platform-dependent @file{site-packages} directory,
-where shared library extensions should be placed.  Note that older
-versions of Python (pre-1.5) used @file{sharedmodules} so future version
-of Automake's Python support may provide backwards compatibility.
address@hidden table
address@hidden pkgpythondir
+This is is the directory under @code{pythondir} which is named after the
+package.  That is, it is @samp{$(pythondir)/$(PACKAGE)}.  It is provided
+as a convenience.
address@hidden pyexecdir
+This is the directory where Python extension modules (shared libraries)
+should be installed.
address@hidden pkgpyexecdir
+This is a convenience variable which is defined as
address@hidden vtable
 @vindex PYCFILES
 @vindex PYOFILES
@@ -3527,14 +3551,22 @@
 of new suffixes in the @code{SUFFIXES} variable.
 @vindex SUFFIXES
-For instance, currently Automake does not provide any Java support.  If
-you wrote a macro to generate @samp{.class} files from @samp{.java}
-source files, you would also need to add these suffixes to the list:
+For instance, suppose you had a compiler which could compile @samp{.foo}
+files to @samp{.o} files.  Then you would add @samp{.foo} to your suffix
-SUFFIXES = .java .class
+SUFFIXES = .foo
 @end example
+Then you could directly use a @samp{.foo} file in a @samp{_SOURCES}
+variable and expect the correct results:
+bin_PROGRAMS = doit
+doit_SOURCES =
address@hidden example
 Any given @code{SUFFIXES} go at the start of the generated suffixes
 list, followed by automake generated suffixes not already in the list.
@@ -3543,24 +3575,28 @@
 @chapter Include
 @cmindex include
-To include another file (perhaps for common rules),
-the following syntax is supported:
address@hidden Including Makefile fragment
address@hidden Makefile fragment, including
-include ($(srcdir)|$(top_srcdir))/filename
+Automake supports an @code{include} directive which can be used to
+include other @file{Makefile} fragments when @code{automake} is run.
+Note that these fragments are read and interpreted by @code{automake},
+not by @code{make}.  As with conditionals, @code{make} has no idea that
address@hidden is in use.
-Using files in the current directory:
-include $(srcdir)/Makefile.extra
address@hidden example
+There are two forms of @code{include}:
-include Makefile.generated
address@hidden example
address@hidden @code
address@hidden include $(srcdir)/file
+Include a fragment which is found relative to the current source
-Using a file in the top level directory:
-include $(top_srcdir)/filename
address@hidden example
address@hidden include $(top_srcdir)/file
+Include a fragment which is found relative to the top source directory.
address@hidden table
+Note that if a fragment is included inside a conditional, then the
+condition applies to the entire contents of that fragment.
 @node Conditionals, Gnits, Include, Top

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