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[SCM] GNU Autoconf source repository branch, master, updated. v2.69-116-

From: Eric Blake
Subject: [SCM] GNU Autoconf source repository branch, master, updated. v2.69-116-ge5d3c96
Date: Wed, 05 Feb 2014 21:20:57 +0000

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- Log -----------------------------------------------------------------
commit e5d3c9621fbd23c5e2d62fdb19534ed1b5f3ab09
Author: Eric Blake <address@hidden>
Date:   Mon Jan 27 11:33:07 2014 -0700

    doc: give an example of using the macro for pkg-config
    The autoconf manual doesn't mention any examples of actually
    using m4_pattern_forbid.  Yet this is the perfect macro for
    avoiding the all-too-common failure mode of configure dying with:
          checking if libxml2 is present... ./configure: line 11586: syntax
     near unexpected token `LIBXML2,'
          ./configure: line 11586: `PKG_CHECK_MODULES(LIBXML2, libxml-2.0>=
    for developers that forgot to install pkg-config.  While we don't
    necessarily advertise the use of PKG_CHECK_MODULES, it is a
    common enough situation that the manual should make it easier to
    help developers learn about missing third-party macros.
    Based on a mailing list report by Daniel Pocock:
    * doc/autoconf.texi (Forbidden Patterns): Add examples.
    Signed-off-by: Eric Blake <address@hidden>


Summary of changes:
 doc/autoconf.texi |   17 +++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/doc/autoconf.texi b/doc/autoconf.texi
index 6c374c0..6795fcb 100644
--- a/doc/autoconf.texi
+++ b/doc/autoconf.texi
@@ -13373,6 +13373,18 @@ should be valid to name macros in comments (which 
doesn't make sense to
 the authors of this documentation: input, such as macros, should be
 documented by @samp{dnl} comments; reserving @samp{#}-comments to
 document the output).
+As an example of a common use of this macro, consider what happens in
+packages that want to use the @command{pkg-config} script via the
+third-party @code{PKG_CHECK_MODULES} macro.  By default, if a developer
+checks out the development tree but has not yet installed the pkg-config
+macros locally, they can manage to successfully run @command{autoconf}
+on the package, but the resulting @file{configure} file will likely
+result in a confusing shell message about a syntax error on the line
+mentioning the unexpanded PKG_CHECK_MODULES macro.  On the other hand,
+if @file{} includes @code{m4_pattern_forbid([^PKG_])}, the
+missing pkg-config macros will be detected immediately without allowing
address@hidden to succeed.
 @end defmac
 Of course, you might encounter exceptions to these generic rules, for
@@ -13382,6 +13394,11 @@ instance you might have to refer to @samp{$m4_flags}.
 Any token matching @var{pattern} is allowed, including if it matches an
 @code{m4_pattern_forbid} pattern.
+For example, gnulib uses @code{m4_pattern_forbid([^gl_])} to reserve the
address@hidden namespace for itself, but also uses
address@hidden([^gl_ES$])} to avoid a false negative on the
+valid locale name.
 @end defmac
 @node Debugging via autom4te

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