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www/philosophy stallman-mec-india.fr.html po/st...


From: GNUN
Subject: www/philosophy stallman-mec-india.fr.html po/st...
Date: Sun, 4 Nov 2018 08:58:14 -0500 (EST)

CVSROOT:        /web/www
Module name:    www
Changes by:     GNUN <gnun>     18/11/04 08:58:14

Modified files:
        philosophy     : stallman-mec-india.fr.html 
        philosophy/po  : stallman-mec-india.fr-en.html 

Log message:
        Automatic update by GNUnited Nations.

CVSWeb URLs:
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/stallman-mec-india.fr.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.43&r2=1.44
http://web.cvs.savannah.gnu.org/viewcvs/www/philosophy/po/stallman-mec-india.fr-en.html?cvsroot=www&r1=1.34&r2=1.35

Patches:
Index: stallman-mec-india.fr.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/stallman-mec-india.fr.html,v
retrieving revision 1.43
retrieving revision 1.44
diff -u -b -r1.43 -r1.44
--- stallman-mec-india.fr.html  3 Nov 2018 21:59:49 -0000       1.43
+++ stallman-mec-india.fr.html  4 Nov 2018 13:58:13 -0000       1.44
@@ -11,12 +11,12 @@
 <!--#include virtual="/server/banner.fr.html" -->
 <h2>Le danger des brevets logiciels (2001)</h2> 
  
-<p class="center"> <em>Conférence de Richard M. Stallman<br /> au </em>Model 
Engineering College<em> du Gouvernement du Kerala, Inde, en
-2001</em></p> 
- 
-<p>(Un <a
+<p><strong>Richard Stallman</strong></p>
+<p> <em>Conférence donnée au <cite>Model Engineering College</cite> du
+Gouvernement du Kerala (Inde) en 2001</em> (<a
 href="http://audio-video.gnu.org/audio/rms-mec-india.ogg";>enregistrement
-audio</a> de cette conférence est disponible.)</p> 
+audio</a>)</p> 
+<hr class="thin" />
  
 <div><h3><a id="sommaire">Sommaire</a></h3> 
  
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@
 concertent pour agir contre cela.</a></li>
 </ul> 
  
-<p><a class="nounderline" href="#questions">Questions de l'auditoire</a></p> 
+<p><a href="#questions">Questions de l'auditoire</a></p> 
 
 <ul>
   <li><a class="nounderline" href="#questions1">Questions sur les brevets
@@ -170,16 +170,14 @@
 ensemble. Permettez-moi de vous citer quelques-unes des différences
 fondamentales entre les copyrights et les brevets :</p> 
  
-<ul>
+<ul class="blurbs">
   <li> Un copyright s'applique à une œuvre particulière, la plupart du temps
 écrite, et il concerne les détails de cette œuvre. Les idées en sont
 complètement exclues. Les brevets, au contraire&hellip; Eh bien, un brevet
 couvre une idée. C'est aussi simple que ça. Décrivez-moi n'importe quelle
 idée, c'est une idée qu'un brevet pourrait vous empêcher de mettre en
 application.</li>
-</ul> 
  
-<ul>
   <li> Les copyrights ont à voir avec le plagiat ; si vous aviez écrit 
quelque
 chose qui soit mot pour mot identique à un certain roman à succès et que
 vous puissiez prouver que vous l'avez fait alors que vous étiez enfermé dans
@@ -188,9 +186,7 @@
 absolu sur l'utilisation d'une idée particulière. Même si vous pouviez
 démontrer que vous y avez pensé tout seul, ce serait considéré comme
 absolument non pertinent. Cela ne vous aiderait pas.</li>
-</ul> 
  
-<ul>
   <li> La mise sous copyright est automatique. Dès lors que l'on a écrit 
quelque
 chose, c'est sous copyright. Les brevets, par contre, sont octroyés à la
 suite d'un processus de demande qui coûte cher. Il y a des frais importants,
@@ -204,9 +200,7 @@
 répondent : « Bon, cela semble évident après coup. » Ainsi ils ont une
 excuse facile pour ignorer complètement le jugement de tout vrai
 programmeur.</li>
-</ul> 
  
-<ul>
   <li> Le copyright dure extrêmement longtemps. Aux États-Unis de nos jours, 
les
 copyrights peuvent durer près de 150 ans, ce qui est absurde. Les brevets,
 eux, ne durent pas aussi longtemps ; ils durent seulement longtemps – vingt
@@ -2347,7 +2341,7 @@
      
      There is more detail about copyright years in the GNU Maintainers
      Information document, www.gnu.org/prep/maintain. -->
-<p> Copyright &copy; 2001, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2015 Free Software
+<p> Copyright &copy; 2001, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2018 Free Software
 Foundation, Inc.</p> 
  
 <p>Cette page peut être utilisée suivant les conditions de la licence <a
@@ -2366,7 +2360,7 @@
 <p class="unprintable"><!-- timestamp start -->
 Dernière mise à jour :
  
-$Date: 2018/11/03 21:59:49 $ 
+$Date: 2018/11/04 13:58:13 $ 
  
 <!-- timestamp end -->
 </p> 

Index: po/stallman-mec-india.fr-en.html
===================================================================
RCS file: /web/www/www/philosophy/po/stallman-mec-india.fr-en.html,v
retrieving revision 1.34
retrieving revision 1.35
diff -u -b -r1.34 -r1.35
--- po/stallman-mec-india.fr-en.html    19 Aug 2015 09:00:50 -0000      1.34
+++ po/stallman-mec-india.fr-en.html    4 Nov 2018 13:58:14 -0000       1.35
@@ -9,11 +9,12 @@
 
 <h2>The Danger of Software Patents (2001)</h2> 
  
-<p class="center"> <em>Speech by Richard M. Stallman<br /> at Model 
-Engineering College, Government of Kerala, India, 2001</em></p> 
- 
-<p>(An <a href="http://audio-video.gnu.org/audio/rms-mec-india.ogg";>
-audio recording</a> of this talk is available.)</p> 
+<p><strong>Richard Stallman</strong></p>
+<p> <em>Speech given at Model Engineering College, Government of Kerala,
+India, 2001</em> 
+(<a href="http://audio-video.gnu.org/audio/rms-mec-india.ogg";>audio
+recording</a>)</p> 
+<hr class="thin" />
  
 <div><h3>Summary</h3> 
  
@@ -146,26 +147,22 @@
 other.  Let me tell you some of the basic differences between copyrights 
 and patents:</p> 
  
-<ul>
+<ul class="blurbs">
   <li> A copyright deals with a particular work, usually a written work, 
   and it has to do with the details of that work.  Ideas are completely 
   excluded.  Patents, by contrast &mdash; well, a patent covers an idea. 
   It's that simple, and any idea that you can describe, that's what a 
   patent might restrict you from doing.</li>
-</ul> 
  
-<ul>
-  <li> Now, copyrights have to do with copying.  If you wrote something 
+  <li> Copyrights have to do with copying.  If you wrote something 
   that was word for word the same as some famous novel, and you could prove 
   that you did this while you were locked up in a room and you have never 
   seen that novel, this would not be copyright violation because it's not 
   copying.  But a patent is an absolute monopoly on using a particular idea. 
   And even if you could show that you thought of it on your own, that 
   would be considered totally irrelevant.  It doesn't help you.</li>
-</ul> 
  
-<ul>
-  <li> Now, copyrights exist automatically.  Whenever anything is written, 
+  <li> Copyrights exist automatically.  Whenever anything is written, 
   it's copyrighted.  Patents are issued through an expensive 
   application process.  There is an expensive fee and even more expense 
   in paying lawyers, which of course tends to be good for big companies. 
@@ -177,16 +174,14 @@
   it's obvious.&rdquo; They say &ldquo;well, this is hindsight.&rdquo;  So 
   they just have an excuse to completely ignore the judgment of everybody 
   who really is a programmer.</li>
-</ul> 
  
-<ul>
-  <li> Now, copyrights last an extremely long time.  In the US today it's 
+  <li> Copyrights last an extremely long time.  In the US today it's 
   possible for copyrights to last for 150 years, which is absurd. Patents 
   don't last that long; they merely last for a long time &mdash; 20 years, 
   which in the field of software, as you can imagine, is a long time.</li>
 </ul> 
  
-<p> Now there are many other differences as well.  In fact every detail is 
+<p> There are many other differences as well.  In fact every detail is 
 different.  So the worst thing you should ever do is learn something about 
 copyrights and suppose that the same is true of patents. No, more likely 
 it's not true of patents.  If it's true of copyrights, it's not true for 
@@ -264,7 +259,7 @@
 links, you'll find some patents that are relevant to what you're doing. 
 You won't find them <em>all</em>.</p> 
  
-<p> Now, a few years ago somebody had a US patent &mdash; maybe it's 
+<p> A few years ago somebody had a US patent &mdash; maybe it's 
 expired by now &mdash; on natural order recalculation in spreadsheets. 
 Now, what does this mean?  It means the original spreadsheets did the 
 recalculation always from top to bottom.  Which meant that if a cell 
@@ -2152,7 +2147,7 @@
      There is more detail about copyright years in the GNU Maintainers
      Information document, www.gnu.org/prep/maintain. -->
  
-<p> Copyright &copy; 2001, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2015
+<p> Copyright &copy; 2001, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2018
 Free Software Foundation, Inc.</p> 
  
 <p>This page is licensed under a <a rel="license"
@@ -2163,7 +2158,7 @@
 
 <p class="unprintable">Updated:
 <!-- timestamp start --> 
-$Date: 2015/08/19 09:00:50 $ 
+$Date: 2018/11/04 13:58:14 $ 
 <!-- timestamp end --> 
 </p> 
 </div> 



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