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Re: C-comments in sgml-mode's html-mode


From: Edward Welbourne
Subject: Re: C-comments in sgml-mode's html-mode
Date: Tue, 24 Jul 2007 22:05:13 +0200

> In any case this should be reported to the Debian bug tracking
> system since probably more people might be affected by this.

Debian bug submitted.
I'll follow up with bug number and URL once the robots answer.

> Apparently, Zaitseff's modifications are too persistent but I can't tell
> anything because I don't have the sources.

Source follows,

        Eddy.
-- 

;;;; A major mode for editing CSS.

;;; Adds font locking, some rather primitive indentation handling and
;;; some typing help.
;;;
(defvar cssm-version "0.11.zap1"
  "The current version number of css-mode.")
;;; copyright (c) 1998 Lars Marius Garshol, address@hidden
;;; $Id: css-mode.el,v 1.9 2000/01/05 21:21:56 larsga Exp $
;;; Modified by John Zaitseff, 3rd November 2004.

;;; css-mode is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
;;; by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your
;;; option) any later version.
;;;
;;; css-mode is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
;;; General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;;; Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

; Send me an email if you want new features (or if you add them yourself).
; I will do my best to preserve the API to functions not explicitly marked
; as internal and variables shown as customizable. I make no promises about
; the rest.

; Bug reports are very welcome. New versions of the package will appear at
; http://www.stud.ifi.uio.no/~larsga/download/css-mode.html
; You can register at the same address if you want to be notified when a
; new version appears.

; Thanks to Philippe Le Hegaret, Kjetil Kjernsmo, Alf-Ivar Holm and
; Alfred Correira for much useful feedback. Alf-Ivar Holm also contributed
; patches.

; To install, put this in your .emacs:
;
; (autoload 'css-mode "css-mode")
; (setq auto-mode-alist       
;      (cons '("\\.css\\'" . css-mode) auto-mode-alist))

;; Todo:

; - must not color URL file name extensions as class selectors (*.css)
; - color [] and url() constructs correctly, even if quoted strings present
; - disregard anything inside strings

;; Possible later additions:
;
; - forward/backward style/@media rule commands
; - more complete syntax table

;; Required modules

(require 'apropos)
(require 'font-lock)
(require 'cl)

;;; The code itself

; Customizable variables:

(defvar cssm-indent-level 2 "The indentation level inside rules.")
(defvar cssm-mirror-mode t
  "Whether brackets, quotes etc should be mirrored automatically on
  insertion.")
(defvar cssm-newline-before-closing-bracket nil
  "In mirror-mode, controls whether a newline should be inserted before the
closing bracket or not.")
(defvar cssm-indent-function #'cssm-old-style-indenter
  "Which function to use when deciding which column to indent to. To get
C-style indentation, use cssm-c-style-indenter. To get old-style indentation,
use cssm-old-style-indenter.")

; The rest of the code:

(defvar cssm-properties
  '("font-family" "font-style" "font-variant" "font-weight" "font-size"
    "font" "background-color" "background-image" "background-repeat"
    "background-attachment" "background-position" "background" "color"
    "word-spacing" "letter-spacing" "text-decoration" "vertical-align"
    "text-transform" "text-align" "text-indent" "line-height" "margin-top"
    "margin-right" "margin-bottom" "margin-left" "margin" "padding-top"
    "padding-right" "padding-bottom" "padding-left" "padding"
    "border-top-width" "border-right-width" "border-left-width"
    "border-bottom-width" "border-width" "border-color" "border-style"
    "border-top" "border-right" "border-bottom" "border-left" "border"
    "width" "height" "float" "clear" "display" "white-space"
    "list-style-type" "list-style-image" "list-style-position"
    "list-style"

    ; CSS level 2.1:

    "border-bottom-color" "border-bottom-style" "border-collapse"
    "border-left-color" "border-left-style" "border-right-color"
    "border-right-style" "border-spacing" "border-top-color"
    "border-top-style" "bottom" "caption-side" "clip" "content"
    "counter-increment" "counter-reset" "cursor" "direction" "empty-cells"
    "left" "max-height" "max-width" "min-height" "min-width" "orphans"
    "outline" "outline-color" "outline-style" "outline-width" "overflow"
    "page-break-after" "page-break-before" "page-break-inside" "position"
    "quotes" "right" "table-layout" "top" "unicode-bidi" "visibility"
    "widows" "z-index"

    ; CSS level 2 (dropped from 2.1):

    "azimuth" "cue" "cue-after" "cue-before" "elevation"
    "font-size-adjust" "font-stretch" "marker-offset" "marks" "page"
    "pause" "pause-after" "pause-before" "pitch" "pitch-range"
    "play-during" "richness" "size" "speak" "speak-header" "speak-numeral"
    "speak-punctuation" "speech-rate" "stress" "text-shadow"
    "voice-family" "volume"

    ; Non-standard properties

    "cell-spacing" "column-span" "row-span" "speak-date" "speak-time")
  "A list of all CSS properties.")

(defvar cssm-properties-alist
  (mapcar (lambda(prop)
            (cons (concat prop ":") nil)) cssm-properties)
  "An association list of the CSS properties for completion use.")

(defvar cssm-keywords 
  (append '("!\\s-*important"
    
          ; CSS level 2:

            "@media" "@import" "@page" "@font-face")
          (mapcar (lambda(property)
                    (concat property "\\s-*:"))
                  cssm-properties))
  "A list of all CSS keywords.")

(defvar cssm-pseudos
  '("link" "visited" "active" "first-line" "first-letter"

    ; CSS level 2
    "first-child" "before" "after" "hover" "focus" "lang")
  "A list of all CSS pseudo-classes.")

; internal
(defun cssm-list-2-regexp(altlist)
  "Takes a list and returns the regexp \\(elem1\\|elem2\\|...\\)"
  (let ((regexp "\\("))
    (mapcar (lambda(elem)
              (setq regexp (concat regexp elem "\\|")))
            altlist)
    (concat (substring regexp 0 -2) ; cutting the last "\\|"
            "\\)")
    ))

(defvar cssm-font-lock-keywords
  (list
   (cons (cssm-list-2-regexp cssm-keywords) font-lock-keyword-face)
   (cons "\\.[a-zA-Z][-a-zA-Z0-9.]+" font-lock-variable-name-face)
   (cons (concat ":" (cssm-list-2-regexp cssm-pseudos))
         font-lock-variable-name-face)
   (cons 
"#[a-fA-F0-9][a-fA-F0-9][a-fA-F0-9]\\([a-fA-F0-9][a-fA-F0-9][a-fA-F0-9]\\)?"
         font-lock-reference-face)
   (cons "\\[.*\\]" font-lock-variable-name-face)
   (cons "#[-a-zA-Z0-9]*" font-lock-function-name-face)
   (cons 
"rgb(\\s-*[0-9]+\\(\\.[0-9]+\\s-*%\\s-*\\)?\\s-*,\\s-*[0-9]+\\(\\.[0-9]+\\s-*%\\s-*\\)?\\s-*,\\s-*[0-9]+\\(\\.[0-9]+\\s-*%\\s-*\\)?\\s-*)"
         font-lock-reference-face)
   )
  "Rules for highlighting CSS style sheets.")

(defvar cssm-mode-map ()
  "Keymap used in CSS mode.")
(when (not cssm-mode-map)
  (setq cssm-mode-map (make-sparse-keymap))
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "C-c C-c") 'cssm-insert-comment)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "C-c C-u") 'cssm-insert-url)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "}") 
'cssm-insert-right-brace-and-indent)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "M-TAB") 'cssm-complete-property))

;;; Cross-version compatibility layer

(when (not (or (apropos-macrop 'kbd)
             (fboundp 'kbd)))
    (defmacro kbd (keys)
      "Convert KEYS to the internal Emacs key representation.
KEYS should be a string constant in the format used for
saving keyboard macros (see `insert-kbd-macro')."
      (read-kbd-macro keys)))

;;; Auto-indentation support

; internal
(defun cssm-insert-right-brace-and-indent()
  (interactive)
  (insert "}")
  (cssm-indent-line))

; internal
(defun cssm-inside-atmedia-rule()
  "Decides if point is currently inside an @media rule."
  (let ((orig-pos (point))
        (atmedia (re-search-backward "@media" 0 t))
        (balance 1)   ; used to keep the {} balance, 1 because we start on a {
        )
     ; Going to the accompanying {
    (re-search-forward "{" (point-max) t)
    (if (null atmedia)
        nil  ; no @media before this point => not inside
      (while (and (< (point) orig-pos)
                  (< 0 balance))
        (if (null (re-search-forward "[{}]" (point-max) 0))
            (goto-char (point-max)) ; break
          (setq balance
                (if (string= (match-string 0) "{")
                    (+ balance 1)
                  (- balance 1)))))
      (= balance 1))
    ))

; internal
(defun cssm-rule-is-atmedia()
  "Decides if point is currently on the { of an @media or ordinary style rule."
  (let ((result (re-search-backward "address@hidden" 0 t)))
    (if (null result)
        nil
      (string= (match-string 0) "@"))))

; internal
(defun cssm-find-column(first-char)
  "Find which column to indent to." 

  ; Find out where to indent to by looking at previous lines
  ; spinning backwards over comments
  (let (pos)
    (while (and (setq pos (re-search-backward (cssm-list-2-regexp
                                               '("/\\*" "\\*/" "{" "}"))
                                              (point-min) t))
                (string= (match-string 0) "*/"))
      (search-backward "/*" (point-min) t))

    ; did the last search find anything?
    (if pos
        (save-excursion
          (let ((construct      (match-string 0))
                (column         (current-column)))
            (apply cssm-indent-function
                   (list (cond
                          ((string= construct "{")
                           (cond
                            ((cssm-rule-is-atmedia)
                             'inside-atmedia)
                            ((cssm-inside-atmedia-rule)
                             'inside-rule-and-atmedia)
                            (t
                             'inside-rule)))
                          ((string= construct "/*")
                           'inside-comment)
                          ((string= construct "}")
                           (if (cssm-inside-atmedia-rule)
                               'inside-atmedia
                             'outside))
                          (t 'outside))
                         column
                         first-char))))
      
      (apply cssm-indent-function
             (list 'outside
                   (current-column)
                   first-char)))))

(defun cssm-indent-line()
  "Indents the current line."
  (interactive)
  (beginning-of-line)
  (let* ((beg-of-line (point))
         (pos (re-search-forward "address@hidden;,.\"{}/*\n:[]" (point-max) t))
         (first (match-string 0))
         (start (match-beginning 0)))

    (goto-char beg-of-line)

    (let ((indent-column (cssm-find-column first)))
      (goto-char beg-of-line)

      ; Remove all leading whitespace on this line (
      (if (not (or (null pos)
                   (= beg-of-line start)))
          (kill-region beg-of-line start))

      (goto-char beg-of-line)
    
      ; Indent
      (while (< 0 indent-column)
        (insert " ")
        (setq indent-column (- indent-column 1))))))

;;; Indent-style functions

(defun cssm-old-style-indenter(position column first-char-on-line)
  (cond
   ((eq position 'inside-atmedia)
    (if (string= "}" first-char-on-line)
        0
      cssm-indent-level))
   
   ((eq position 'inside-rule)
    (+ column 2))

   ((eq position 'inside-rule-and-atmedia)
    (+ column 2))

   ((eq position 'inside-comment)
    (+ column 3))

   ((eq position 'outside)
    0)))

(defun cssm-c-style-indenter(position column first-char-on-line)
  (cond
   ((or (eq position 'inside-atmedia)
        (eq position 'inside-rule))
    (if (string= "}" first-char-on-line)
        0
      cssm-indent-level))

   ((eq position 'inside-rule-and-atmedia)
    (if (string= "}" first-char-on-line)
        cssm-indent-level
      (* 2 cssm-indent-level)))

   ((eq position 'inside-comment)
    (+ column 3))

   ((eq position 'outside)
    0)))

;;; Typing shortcuts

(define-skeleton cssm-insert-curlies
  "Inserts a pair of matching curly parenthesises." nil
  "{"
  (if cssm-newline-before-closing-bracket "\n" " ")
  (if cssm-newline-before-closing-bracket '>)
  _
  (if cssm-newline-before-closing-bracket "\n" " ")
  "}"
  (if cssm-newline-before-closing-bracket '>))

(define-skeleton cssm-insert-quotes
  "Inserts a pair of matching quotes." nil
  "\"" _ "\"")

(define-skeleton cssm-insert-parenthesises
  "Inserts a pair of matching parenthesises." nil
  "(" _ ")")

(define-skeleton cssm-insert-comment
  "Inserts a full comment." nil
  "/* " _ " */")

(define-skeleton cssm-insert-url
  "Inserts a URL." nil
  "url(" _ ")")

(define-skeleton cssm-insert-brackets
  "Inserts a pair of matching brackets." nil
  "[" _ "]")

(defun cssm-enter-mirror-mode()
  "Turns on mirror mode, where quotes, brackets etc are mirrored automatically
  on insertion."
  (interactive)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "{")  'cssm-insert-curlies)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "\"") 'cssm-insert-quotes)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "(")  'cssm-insert-parenthesises)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "[")  'cssm-insert-brackets))

(defun cssm-leave-mirror-mode()
  "Turns off mirror mode."
  (interactive)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "{")  'self-insert-command)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "\"") 'self-insert-command)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "(")  'self-insert-command)
  (define-key cssm-mode-map (read-kbd-macro "[")  'self-insert-command))

;;; Property completion

(defun cssm-property-at-point()
  "If point is at the end of a property name: returns it."
  (let ((end (point))
        (start (+ (re-search-backward "[^-A-Za-z]") 1)))
    (goto-char end)
    (buffer-substring start end)))

; internal
(defun cssm-maximum-common(alt1 alt2)
  "Returns the maximum common starting substring of alt1 and alt2."
  (let* ((maxlen (min (length alt1) (length alt2)))
         (alt1 (substring alt1 0 maxlen))
         (alt2 (substring alt2 0 maxlen)))
    (while (not (string= (substring alt1 0 maxlen)
                         (substring alt2 0 maxlen)))
      (setq maxlen (- maxlen 1)))
    (substring alt1 0 maxlen)))

; internal
(defun cssm-common-beginning(alts)
  "Returns the maximum common starting substring of all alts elements."
  (let ((common (car alts)))
    (dolist (alt (cdr alts) common)
      (setq common (cssm-maximum-common alt common)))))

(defun cssm-complete-property-frame(completions)
  ; This code stolen from message.el. Kudos to larsi.
  (let ((cur (current-buffer)))
    (pop-to-buffer "*Completions*")
    (buffer-disable-undo (current-buffer))
    (let ((buffer-read-only nil))
      (erase-buffer)
      (let ((standard-output (current-buffer)))
        (display-completion-list (sort completions 'string<)))
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (pop-to-buffer cur))))

(defun cssm-complete-property()
  "Completes the CSS property being typed at point."
  (interactive)
  (let* ((prop   (cssm-property-at-point))
         (alts   (all-completions prop cssm-properties-alist))
         (proplen (length prop)))
    (if (= (length alts) 1)
        (insert (substring (car alts) proplen))
      (let ((beg (cssm-common-beginning alts)))
        (if (not (string= beg prop))
            (insert (substring beg proplen))
          (insert (substring
                   (completing-read "Property: " cssm-properties-alist nil
                                    nil prop)
                   proplen)))))))

(defun css-mode()
  "Major mode for editing CSS style sheets.
\\{cssm-mode-map}"
  (interactive)

  ; Initializing
  (kill-all-local-variables)

  ; Setting up indentation handling
  (make-local-variable 'indent-line-function)
  (setq indent-line-function 'cssm-indent-line)
  
  ; Setting up font-locking
  (make-local-variable 'font-lock-defaults)
  (setq font-lock-defaults '(cssm-font-lock-keywords nil t nil nil))

  ; Setting up typing shortcuts
  (make-local-variable 'skeleton-end-hook)
  (setq skeleton-end-hook nil)
  
  (when cssm-mirror-mode
    (cssm-enter-mirror-mode))
  
  (use-local-map cssm-mode-map)
  
  ; Setting up syntax recognition
  (make-local-variable 'comment-start)
  (make-local-variable 'comment-end)
  (make-local-variable 'comment-start-skip)

  (setq comment-start "/* "
        comment-end " */"
        comment-start-skip "/\\*[ \n\t]+")

  ; Setting up syntax table
  (modify-syntax-entry ?* ". 23")
  (modify-syntax-entry ?/ ". 14")
  
  ; Final stuff, then we're done
  (setq mode-name "CSS"
        major-mode 'css-mode)
  (run-hooks 'css-mode-hook))

(provide 'css-mode)

;; CSS-mode ends here




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